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Patient Guide To Enlarged Prostate - Dr Vivek Baliga Reviews

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In this presentation, Dr Vivek Baliga reviews a common health problem in men - enlarged prostate gland. For full video review, visit http://drvivekbaligareviews.com

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Patient Guide To Enlarged Prostate - Dr Vivek Baliga Reviews

  1. 1. A PATIENT GUIDE TO AN ENLARGED PROSTATE GLAND Dr Vivek Baliga B Physician, Baliga Diagnostics Director, HeartSense
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • An enlarged prostate gland is a common health problem among men. • It is usually an age-related problem, and is common over the age of 50 years. • Having an enlarged prostate gland does not mean you have cancer. • Mainly causes urinary problems that are quite troublesome • Treatments include medications (mostly), though some need surgery.
  3. 3. WHAT WE WILL COVER What is the prostate gland? What is an enlarged prostate gland? What are the causes of an enlarged prostate gland? What are the symptoms of an enlarged prostate gland? What tests would I need? Is an enlarged prostate something to worry about? What are the treatment options? Tips to relieve symptoms.
  4. 4. WHAT IS THE PROSTATE GLAND? • Walnut sized gland present at the base of the bladder (in the groin), and in front of the rectum. • During ejaculation, the prostate contracts and releases a fluid that makes up a part of semen. • The fluid helps the semen remain thin after ejaculation, allowing the sperms to swim up freely. • Aids in reproduction.
  5. 5. WHAT IS AN ENLARGED PROSTATE GLAND? • In simple terms, it is a larger than normal prostate. • The normal prostate is around the size of a walnut, and weighs up to 20 grams. • A prostate that measures and weighs more than this is called an enlarged prostate. • The increase in size and weight can be dramatic. • An enlarged prostate gland is sometimes called BPH, or benign prostatic hypertrophy. • However, the prostate can be enlarged from prostate cancer as well.
  6. 6. CAUSES OF AN ENLARGED PROSTATE • The most common reason why the prostate gland enlarges is advancing age. • The prostate gland can also enlarge in more serious conditions such as prostate cancer. • Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men. • Early treatment carries a good long term prognosis.
  7. 7. SYMPTOMS OF AN ENLARGED PROSTATE • Difficulty starting urination. ‘Starting trouble’, like I tell my patients. • Thin stream of urine that seems to have a ‘weak’ flow • Dribbling of urine • Feeling of incomplete emptying. You feel like you still have urine left to pass. • Painful urination -This may be seen only in some patients. • Waking up in the night to pass urine • Difficulty controlling urination - You find that you have an urge to pass urine that can be uncontrollable. • Frequent urination – You may visit the bathroom every hour or so (this may be seen in urinary infections as well)
  8. 8. WHAT TESTS WOULD I NEED? • Urine Test • To rule out a urinary infection • Ultrasound Test • Determine size of prostate • How much urine is left in the bladder after voiding urine (called post void) • Also looks at the rest of the urinary system (mainly kidneys) • Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) • Blood test to help differentiate age related enlargement and prostate cancer. • Normal levels / mildly elevated = age related • Greatly elevated levels = could indicate prostate cancer. • Biopsy • To confirm or rule out prostate cancer
  9. 9. SHOULD I WORRY ABOUT AN ENLARGED PROSTATE GLAND? • Not really • It is more likely to be age related than due to cancer • It is simple to rule out cancer through blood tests • Urologists may perform a rectal examination to assess prostate • Most cases of prostate cancer, if caught early, have a good long term outcome.
  10. 10. TREATMENT OPTIONS • A slightly enlarged prostate that is not causing any symptoms does not require any treatment. • Even a very large prostate not causing symptoms does not need any treatment. • If you are experiencing any if the symptoms mentioned earlier, then you will need medical treatment. • Medicines are available that can help ease the pressure that the prostate puts on the urethra. • Sometimes, the large prostate can block the flow of urine out of the bladder, leading to urinary retention. This is a painful condition. • If urinary obstruction occurs in patients with an enlarged prostate, then surgical removal of the prostate is needed (TURP).
  11. 11. TIPS TO RELIEVE SYMPTOMS • Stress can increase urinary frequency if you have a large prostate. Take up measures such as yoga and meditation to reduce your stress. • Take your time in the bathroom. Starting a urinary stream is hard, and often the bladder does not empty completely. Take time to pass urine. • Avoid drinking water late in the night. The more you drink, the more urine you produce. This would only make you wake up a lot more frequently in the night. • Some over the counter medicines may worsen your symptoms. Discuss these with your doctor before you take them. NOTE An enlarged prostate gland does not turn into cancer. It will not affect your chances of fathering children either.
  12. 12. SUMMARY • An enlarged prostate is a common problem in men • It can cause troublesome symptoms • It is easy to find out if you have an enlarged prostate • Treatment options are plenty and effective.
  13. 13. THANK YOU! For more information, visit my health blog https://heartsense.in For more such videos, visit my video review site – http://drvivekbaligareviews.com