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System approach

System Approach in Education
System Approach in Instructional processes

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System approach

  1. 1. System Approach Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  2. 2. • Concept originated during the world war II • Gradually it was applied to in the areas of industry and management • Lately it has been in the field of Education Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  3. 3. Meaning of System • Wholeness, interrelationships between parts or elements and self regulatin • R.L.Ackoff 1971: A system is the set of interrelated and interdependent elements • A.K.Jalaluddin: 1981: A system may be defined as a dynamic, complex, integrated whole consisting of a self regulating pattern of interrelated and interdependent elements organised to achieve the predetermined and specified objectives Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  4. 4. Types of system • Man made • Natural Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  5. 5. Parameters of system • Input • Process • Output • Environment context • Ex: cycle factory • Industry Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  6. 6. System Approach • Technique based on the systems concepts and basic parameters of understanding • System approach tries to control the situations/ parameters Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  7. 7. Steps • 1: System Analysis – Identifying elements, their organization, functions or performance or as a whole in order to determine the need to make adjustment to ensure the achievement of system, namely input, process, output and environmental constraints • 2: System Design and Development • 3: Systems operation and evaluation Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  8. 8. • 2: System Design and Development – Determination of objectives – Selection of appropriate devices, methods, strategies and approaches – Formulating a comprehensive scheme of comprehensive programmes for working of the system in relation to its parameters and objectives Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  9. 9. • 3: Systems operation and evaluation – Manipulating the elements or inputs of the system – Pulling the functions of elements or inputs – Controlling the process and interaction among the elements of the system – Manipulating the environmental constrains of the system Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  10. 10. Education System • Input: – Pupils – Administrators – Teachers – Material • Process: Formal or informal education process • Output: Attainment of Educational Objectives • Environment: Surrounding factors affecting system Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  11. 11. System approach to Education • Effectively improve the educational system • Bring efficiency in school administration and management • Help in seeking the maximum effective utilization of the human and physical recourses • A systematic Educational Planning can be done • Help in improving examination and evaluation system • Improvement in organization of co-curricular activities and other educational aspects Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  12. 12. Continue • Help in maintaining, controlling and improving the guidance services of the schools • It may prove an invaluable means for designing, controlling and improving the systems of non- informal and adult education • Over and above, it may render valuable services in improving the quality of education in all its aspects and dimension. Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  13. 13. Steps involve in system approach to education • Identification of the problem • Specification of objectives • Analysis of the task involved in achieving the objectives • Systems analysis- analysis of inputs and constrains of the system in the context of the stipulated objectives • System design and development: by generating alternative strategies ( change in input, process or constraints) Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  14. 14. • Identification of preferred solution • Operation and implementation of preferred solution • Evaluation of the effectiveness of the performance in terms of the specific objectives • Providing feedback in light of evaluation for bringing necessary improvement and modification Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  15. 15. Instructional System • Input – Teacher – Students – Curriculum – Text books/ reference books – content • Process: Instructional Methods, strategies and approaches • Output: Attainment of instructional objectives • Environment Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  16. 16. System approach to the instructional system • It help in understanding, controlling and improving the structure and functioning of the system in view of the effective realization of the instructional objectives • Help in providing the best possible solution to the problems related to the planning, process and products of instruction Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  17. 17. Steps / Phases : • According to Robb 1973: Planning, execution and evaluation • According to Jalaluddin 1981: Six steps as mentioned below – Formulation of Objectives – Pre assessment of student entering behaviour – Designing and development of the system – Implementation phase – Evaluation of the outcomes – Improvement of the system Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar
  18. 18. Dr.Viral Bharatbhai Jadav Associate Professor, IITE, Gandhinagar

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