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Womens health
Womens health
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Women 's health and Wellness

  1. 1. 1Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. 1 Dr Nupur Gupta
  2. 2. 2Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. My INTRODUCTION  MBBS, MS – SMS, Jaipur  Senior Registrar  Senior Research Associate  Junior Consultant (Pool Officer), AIIMS, New Delhi • Consultant & Unit Head, Paras Hospital
  3. 3. 3Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved.  From family to careers, typically the last area women attend to are their own health  They focus instead on their partners & their children  What we say is “Take care of yourself first” Women’s Health Concerns
  4. 4. 4Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. 5 Medical Conditions that are of great concern
  5. 5. 5Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Women should take charge of their health
  6. 6. 6Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. 6
  7. 7. 7Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Who do you think is a Healthy Woman?
  8. 8. 8Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved.
  9. 9. 9Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. 9 "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure"?
  10. 10. 10Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Wellness: What is it?  Wellness- Harmony of body & mind  Well balanced nutritional diet  Physical fitness  Lifestyle & stress management Is it just the absence of disease?
  11. 11. 11Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. 11 Why is it important ??? Linked to the child Linked to the family Whole society
  12. 12. 12Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Key Factors For Wellness  Optimum nutrition  Balanced hormonal level  Vitamins, minerals, supplements  Adequate intake of water  Exercise, meditation
  13. 13. 13Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Key Factors For Wellness  Deep relaxation  Adequate Sleep  Strive for balance & be good to yourself!  Enhance Detoxification  Boost metabolism  Calm Your Mind
  14. 14. 14Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Wellness Diet: Nutrition for Life WHAT TO EAT?  Variety and fresh foods are key  Whole grains, beans, winter squashes  Fresh fruits  Dark leafy greens, berries  Olive oil instead of vegetable oil or processed ghee  Carrots, peaches, sweet potatoes, tomatoes  Green tea  Organic food
  15. 15. 15Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Wellness Diet: Nutrition for Life WHAT TO AVOID?  Foods made with hard flour and sugar, especially bread & sweet bakery products  packaged snack foods  Foods with artificial sweetener  Avoid: high- GLUCOSE intake  Other animal proteins, full-fat dairy products  chicken skin, fatty meats
  16. 16. 16Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Everyday Activities  Taking the stairs  Parking farther away  Getting off the bus a few stops early  Gardening  Taking fitness breaks at work Exercise: How Much? What kind?
  17. 17. 17Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Exercise , How much? What kind?  At least 30 to 60 minutes/day  Brisk walking, running, bicycling, jumping rope, dancing & swimming  Weight lifting, push ups  Walking, jogging in the park  Yoga, pranayama & meditation
  18. 18. 18Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. POSITIVE EFFECTS OF EXERCISE  Improved cardiorespiratory & muscular fitness  Improved bone health  Improved cardiovascular & metabolic health biomarkers  Favourable body composition  Lower risk of coronary heart dz, stroke, BP, DM & early death  Lower risk of cancer breast, colorectal, lung, endometrium  Prevention of weight gain  Reduced depression  Better cognitive function (for older adults)
  19. 19. 19Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved.  Women are the world’s best jugglers  Health consequences: – Digestive issues – Compromised immune function – Sleep disorders – Weight gain  CDC estimates that 75% to 90% doctor visits are stress related Manage Stress
  20. 20. 20Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. 2006 survey by the American Psychological Association indicates women are more effected by stress than men:  More women report engaging in unhealthy behaviours  Women report feeling the effects of stress on their physical health more than men Women & Stress
  21. 21. 21Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Different concerns & requirements at different ages
  22. 22. 22Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. WOMEN AT ALL AGES From adolescence to menopause
  23. 23. 23Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. TEENAGERS  Menstrual hygiene  HPV & Tdap vaccination  Pubertal problems  Polycystic Ovaries
  24. 24. 24Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. 24 TWENTIES & THIRTIES  Contraception & starting a family successfully;  Regular pap smear;  Screening for rubella virus;  Folic acid for to-be-moms
  25. 25. 25Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. A Time of Choices Balancing career & family 20s or late 30s
  26. 26. 26Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. 26 Healthy Pregnancy • Start with preconception care • Take a multivitamin multimineral with at least 400 mcg of folic acid • Get early & regular prenatal care • Be active, stay fit • If you smoke or drink alcohol, STOP • Avoid or control caffeine intake
  27. 27. 27Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Time of Change Late 30s to Late 40s Hormonal changes of perimenopause
  28. 28. 28Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. FORTIES, NEW YOUNG AGE  Contraception once again;  Menopausal symptoms;  Tendency to gain weight;  Consider calcium  Lipid profile
  29. 29. 29Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. A Time for Living Well Late 40s to 50 Plus Managing chronic disease
  30. 30. 30Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. FIFTIES  menopausal hot flashes;  frequent urinary infections & vaginal dryness;  natural drop in bone density & need for calcium;  check for blood pressure & diabetes;  mammography & bone density scan
  31. 31. 31Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved.  The time leading upto the menopause  Natural part of aging that signals the end of your reproductive years  Ovaries shut down, make less estrogen & progesterone Perimenopause
  32. 32. 32Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. SIXTIES & BEYOND  Exercise, healthy diet & weight management is helpful;  Risk of heart disease, ovarian, uterine & breast cancer is highest;  Benign causes of discomfort are uterine & vaginal prolapse & osteoarthritis
  33. 33. 33Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. The Average Woman  Loses 5 pounds of muscle every decade.  Adds 10 pounds of fat every decade.  By 50 - reduces muscle mass by 1/3  By 60 – reduces muscle mass by ½, with a high % of body fat
  34. 34. 34Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Why screening tests are important  To diagnose even before symptoms develop  Easier to treat in early stage  WHICH ONE depends on your age, family history, your own health history
  35. 35. 35Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. PREVENTIVE GYNECOLOGY Women Health Check
  36. 36. 36Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. www.parashealthcare.com EVERY WOMAN NEEDS
  37. 37. 37Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Cancer Mammography Ultrasound
  38. 38. 38Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Cancer
  39. 39. 39Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Pap
  40. 40. 40Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. HPV Vaccination  Best for women under 26  The vaccines don't protect against all the cancer- causing strains of HPV, however.  So routine Pap smears are still important Gardasil & Cervarix
  41. 41. 41Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. BONE DENSITY - OSTEOPOROSIS  Bones become weak and fragile DEXA to measure bone strength, predict future breaks
  42. 42. 42Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Screening For Skin Cancer  Look for any moles or freckles
  43. 43. 43Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. COLORECTAL CANCER Polyps
  44. 44. 44Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. High Blood Pressure  <120/80 mmHg - Normal”  120 to 139 / 80 to 89 - Pre-hypertension  140 over 90 - High Know Your Numbers
  45. 45. 45Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Your blood cholesterol <200 mg/dL LDL “bad cholesterol” <100 mg/dL HDL “good cholesterol” >50 mg/dL or higher High Cholesterol
  46. 46. 46Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. • Type 1 • Type 2 • Gestational Diabetes DIABETES
  47. 47. 47Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. GLAUCOMA Baseline eye examination at 40
  48. 48. 48Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY  D-fence for your health  Muscle and bone pain  Increases risk of Type I Diabetes SUNLIGHT
  49. 49. 49Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. ASK YOUR DOCTOR ABOUT SCREENINGS
  50. 50. 50Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved.
  51. 51. 51Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Take Care of Your Body Now
  52. 52. 52Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. It is essential for women to No Matter What Stage…… Eat healthy Be active Manage stress Supplement wisely
  53. 53. 53Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. 53 Celebrate Women’s Health
  54. 54. 54Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Preventive Health Checks 26% Discount
  55. 55. 55Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. The beauty of a woman Must be seen from in her eyes; Because that’s the doorway to her heart, The place where love resides The beauty of a woman Isnt in a facial moie; But true beauty in a woman, Is reflected by her soul It’s the caring that she cares to give, The passion that she shows; And the beauty of a woman With passing years only grows The Beauty of a Woman
  56. 56. 56Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved.  Meet your own individual health needs  Enjoy healthier, more active lifestyle today  Promote prevention for life Targeted Solutions
  57. 57. 57Copyright © 2014 Paras Hospitals. All rights reserved. Thank You!!

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