Farm records and accounting forms are key tools where
the farmer may base his future decisions.
A good farm record is also a tool used in assessing and
mitigating farm business risks and opportunities
TYPES OF FARM RECORD
Daily farm records
Records of farm implements and equipment
Record of agricultural inputs
Records of livestock and livestock products
Records of animal feeds
Records for farm use
Farm expenditure records
DAILY FARM RECORDS
These are the records of all important daily
activities and events that happen on the farm.
These records help the farmer keep track of past
farming activities and plan for future activities.
RECORDS OF FARM IMPLEMENTS
This is used to keep an inventory of all the
equipment on the farm and their quantity. It can
also contain the date of purchase of the equipment
and sometimes their description.
RECORD OF AGRICULTURAL
This record is used to keep track of all agricultural inputs
such as fertilizers, seeds, etc. The record often also
contains the amount of that was bought, the amount that
has been used, and what is left.
RECORDS OF LIVESTOCK AND
Farmers keep different records of livestock for each type
of livestock on the farm. Also, for livestock that have
products e.g. eggs from chickens, the farmer keeps a
record that accounts for the number of eggs laid every day.
If a farmer has cows for milk production, he keeps record
of the amount of liters of milk produced per day.
RECORDS OF ANIMAL FEEDS
This record is used for keeping an inventory of the
types of animal feed and the quantity purchased,
used, and also quantity in stock on a daily basis.
Production records are used to document everything that is
produced on the farm. These records are prepared every
week. And then summed up at the end of the month and
also at the end of the year. Thus, there is a weekly record,
a monthly record, and an annual record of everything
produced on the farm. They help the farmer to keep track
of how well the farm is doing.
RECORDS FOR FARM USE
Used for recording the date the land was
prepared for farming, the number of plots or
hectares used in planting, the plants planted
on the farm and where they are planted.
A product traded in a business know as goods.
Separate accounts are maintained for incoming
(purchase) and outgoing (sales) of goods.
Certain expenses have to be incurred for
carrying on the business. There are various
incomes also in the business. Such income
and expenses are known as nominal account.
PROBLEMS IN FARM RECORD
Among the main reasons farmers do not keep farm records are a
lack of knowledge on record-keeping, a perceived lack of the need
to keep records, too much work and a lack of time.
the farm problem was defined in terms of the disparity between the
incomes of farm and non-farm households. Today, average farm
income equals or exceeds the national average income of non-farm
PROBLEMS IN ACCOUNTS
Accounting problems can range from fraud and errors, to misplaced
financial records and more. Inaccurate books, over-reported profit,
and numerous other accounting mistakes can cause businesses to
lose sight of and control over their business's financial well being.
Poor cash flow management
Lack of capital