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Voice and Choice: Fostering Reading Ownership

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This workshop includes research and practical strategies for fostering students' reading choice and empowering their voices.

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Voice and Choice: Fostering Reading Ownership

  1. 1. Voice and Choice: Fostering Reading Ownership Donalyn Miller
  2. 2. www.bookwhisperer.com www.slideshare.net/donalynm @donalynbooks www.nerdybookclub.com
  3. 3. "When a man is penalized for honesty, he learns to lie." --Criss Jami
  4. 4. "A lower sense of self-efficacy predicts lower levels of engagement with reading, especially voluntary reading." (Schunk & Zimmerman, 1997; Wigfield & Guthrie; 1997 Allington, 2013)
  5. 5. Self-selected reading is twice as powerful as teacher-selected reading in developing motivation and comprehension. (Guthrie & Humenick, 2004)
  6. 6. Allowing students to choose their own texts fosters engagement and increases reading motivation and interest. --Gambrell, Coding, & Palmer (1996); Worthy & McKool (1996); Guthrie & Wigfield (2000)
  7. 7. Whole Class Book Clubs Independent Reading Three Text Classroom (Judy Wallis, University of Houston)
  8. 8. Differentiation (Tomlinson, 2003) Content Process Product Learning Environment
  9. 9. Access
  10. 10. . Books in the home are as important as parents’ educational level in determining level of education children will attain. –Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, June 2010
  11. 11. . “Giving kids access to books may be one of the most overlooked solutions to helping ensure kids attend school with the tools they need to succeed.” “Where Books Are All But Nonexistent” —The Atlantic, July 14, 2016
  12. 12. .
  13. 13. .Children who live in poverty are less likely to… ❖ Begin school with adequate early childhood literacy experiences like read alouds & vocabulary exposure. ❖ Attend schools with experienced, certified teachers & librarians. ❖ Attend schools with adequate school & classroom libraries. ❖ Live in neighborhoods with public libraries & bookstores. ❖ Own books at home.
  14. 14. ❖Receive literacy instruction delivered through test prep, scripted programs, basal textbooks, and worksheets instead of authentic literature. ❖Experience gaps in schooling because of unstable housing, unemployment, and illness. ❖Drop out of high school with poor literacy skills. Children who live in poverty are more likely to…
  15. 15. Access to a full-time school librarian increases students' test scores, closes the achievement gap, and improves writing skills. (Lance, 2012)
  16. 16. Students read 50-60% more in classrooms with adequate libraries. (Allington, 2007; Morrow, 2003; Neuman, 1999)
  17. 17. Classroom Library Checklist What would you look for when evaluating a classroom library to determine if it was adequate?
  18. 18. Diversity Currency Organization
  19. 19. #WNDB
  20. 20. 2016 Youth Media Awards www.ala.org/awardsgrants
  21. 21. Sophie Blackall Kevin Henkes Christian Robinson Bryan Collier Matt de la Peña Kimberly Brubaker Bradley Jerry Pinkney Ekua Holmes Pam Muñoz Ryan Victoria Jamieson
  22. 22. ALA Awards that Honor Diversity Coretta Scott King (African-American) Pura Belpre (Latinx) Schneider Family (Disability) Stonewall (LGBTQ)
  23. 23. Fountas and Pinnell: 300-600 books Richard Allington: 1000 books ILA: 5-7 books per child
  24. 24. In a 2013 Scholastic survey of 3,800 teachers, only 40% had at least 300 books in their classroom libraries.
  25. 25. Benefits of Self-Selected Reading (Johnson & Blair, 2003)
  26. 26. Allows children to value their decision-making ability.
  27. 27. Fosters children’s capacity to choose appropriate reading material.
  28. 28. Preview Stacks
  29. 29. Book Commercials/ Book Talks
  30. 30. Read Alouds
  31. 31. The read aloud is the gift that keeps on giving- -leading to student gains in: vocabulary (Beck & McKeon, 2011) comprehension strategies and story schema (Van den Broek, 2001) concept development (Pinnell & Fountas, 2011).
  32. 32. "Students actually experience a variety of books at varied levels in a rich literacy program." --Irene Fountas, "Text Level, Tool or Trouble?" (2013)
  33. 33. 570 (Second Grade) Content?
  34. 34. 730 (Fifth Grade) Writing Style?
  35. 35. 1030 (Ninth Grade) Vocabulary?
  36. 36. Limitations of Lexile Informational Nonfiction Graphic Novels Picture Books Poetry and Novels in Verse
  37. 37. Instructional Context Text-Level Accessibility Who Does the Work Read Alouds Substantially above grade level Probably frustration level for most students The teachers does all of the print work. The students and teacher work together to make meaning. Shared Reading On or a little above grade level Probably frustration level for many students The teacher and students do the print and meaning work together. Guided Reading/ Small Group Instruction On reader’s individual level Instructional level for each student The student does most of the print and meaning work. Independent Reading From below grade level through above grade level Multiple texts for each reader varying from independent to frustration level depending on the amount of productive effort and reader stamina The student does all of the print and meaning work. Burkins & Yaris, 2014
  38. 38. Reading Level of Text Matching Readers to Text Motivation Background Knowledge and Experiences
  39. 39. Reading Level of Text Matching Readers to Text Motivation Background Knowledge and Experiences
  40. 40. Builds confidence and a feeling of ownership.
  41. 41. Improves reading achievement.
  42. 42. Encourages lifelong readers.
  43. 43. “Becoming a reader and a writer has as much to do with assuming an identity as a reader and a writer as it does with acquiring a set of predetermined cognitive skills.” (Serafini, 2013)
  44. 44. “Any book that helps a child to form a habit of reading, to make reading one of his deep and continuing needs, is good for him.” --Maya Angelou
  45. 45. Book Recommendations
  46. 46. http://teacherlearningsessions.com/series/nerdybookcast/
  47. 47. Students' voices should be louder than ours.
  48. 48. Shelfies
  49. 49. Reading Doors
  50. 50. QR Codes with Book Reviews
  51. 51. Reading Graffiti
  52. 52. Reading Response
  53. 53. text & pic apps
  54. 54. Foster genre, topic, format, series, and author experts.
  55. 55. Review Club
  56. 56. Evernote
  57. 57. “I dwell in Possibility--”