RASA ANALYSIS OF GIRISH
Research Scholar: Disha P Kariya
Research Supervisor: Dr Hetal Mehta
Maharaja Krishnkumarsinhji Bhavnagar
Two act play written by Girish Karnad
Story of Devadatta, Kapila and Padmini
Story of a horse headed man
Use of various dramatic techniques
Pioneered by Bharat Muni
An aesthetic feeling
Rasa Analysis of Hayavadana (as a reader)
1. Rasa as Aesthetic Experience The Rasa Sutra by Mohan Thampi
2. Rasa Analysis of Tamburlaine the Great By Dhwani Vachhrajani
3. Rasa theory in Indian Literature: An Analytical Perspective by Arzoo and
4. Applying Rasa Theory in David Williamson's The Removalists by Arnab
5. A Reading of Keats “Ode on a Grecian Urn” in the Light of ‘Rasa’and
‘Dhvani’ by Dr. Habeeb C.
6. Application of Rasa Theory in James Joyce’s a Portrait of the Artist as a
Young Man by Madhurantika Sunil
7. Rasa Theory Applied to William Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night by Mahendra
Research Objectives & Hypothesis
Research Objectives for this research paper are as below:
1. To analyse Hayavadana in light of Rasa
2. To identify rasas in Hayavadana
3. To analyse how rasas are used in Hayavadana
There is no dominant Rasa in Hayavadana
Qualitative research method
Analysis of an Indian English play applying a classical Indian
theory of aesthetics
Basic elements of Rasa theory
Origin: Natyashastra by Bharat Muni
Indian concept of aesthetic flavour
Vibhava: causes or mainsprings of emotions
1. Alambana Vibhava (Characters)
2. Uddipan Vibhava (Setting)
Anubhava: Consequences expressed through bodily expressions
Vyabhicaribhava: transitory states
Hasya Rasa in Hayavadana
Sringara Rasa in Hayavadana
Bhayankar rasa in Hayavadana
Vira Rasa in Hayavadana
Karuna Rasa in Hayavadana
Rudra Rasa in Hayavadana
Adbhuta rasa in Hayavadana
“…what an ethereal shape! Such a broad back-like an ocean with
muscles rippling across it-and then that small, feminine waist…”
Here, the attractive outlook of Kapila is the Vibhāva (Alambanavibhāva as Kapila
is a human being), the garden and that tree on which Kapila climbs is also
vibhāva (Uddipana as tree is non-human thing), Anubhāva is the opened eyes of
Padmini constantly looking at Kapila’s body, which appeals to the dominant state
of love which results into the realization of Sringāra rasa or the erotic sentiment.
A mixture of several emotions
Skillful use of dramatic techniques
No dominant Rasa in this play
Arzoo, Manju. "Rasa theory in Indian Literature: An Analytical Perspective." PalArch's Journal of
Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 17.11 (2020): 385-389. AI, Open. “Rasa Analysis of Girish Karnad's
Hayavadana .” Chat GPT , 2023, https://chat.openai.com/.
Budhathoki, Mahendra Kumar. “Rasa Theory Applied to William Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night.”
Semanticscholar.org, Literary Studies , Mar. 2020, https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Rasa-Theory-
Chatterjee, Arnab. "Applying Rasa Theory in David Williamson's The Removalists." Antipodes 33.1 (2019):
C , Habeeb. “A Reading of Keats Urn in the Light of Rasa .” Journal of Emerging Technologies and
Innovative Research (JETIR) , Mar. 2019, https://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR1903331.pdf.
Karnad , Girish. Hayavadana . Oxford University Press , 2004.
Kariya, Disha P. Rasa Sutra, 8 May 2021, http://discipledk.blogspot.com/2021/05/rasa-sutra.html?m=1.
Kariya, Disha P. “Short Introduction to Rasa Theory .” Short Introduction to Rasa Theory, 29 Apr. 2021,
Kothari, C. R., and Gaurav Garg. Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. New Age International
(P) Limited, Publishers, 2019.
Madhurantika , Sunil. “Application of Rasa Theory in James Joyce’s a Portrait of the Artist as a Young
Man .” Www.ijtsrd.com , 2018,
Nair , R Balakrishnan. “Rasa School (Rasa Paddhati) .” Sanskrit Poetics in a Day , edited by Kalyani
Vallath, Bodhi Tree Books & Publications , Trivandrum , Kerala, 2018, pp. 17–25.
Seturaman , V S. Indian Aesthetics An Introduction . Trinity Press , 2017.
Vachhrajani, Dhwani. “Rasa Analysis of Tamburlaine the Great .” Aayudh , Dec. 2017.
Hinweis der Redaktion
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