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Nelson Mandela

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Power point realizado por las alumnas del IES Cornelio Balbo de Cádiz: Elena Visone García de Sola y Mercedes Viñas Ces

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Nelson Mandela

  1. 1. Nelson Mandela Realizado por: Ana Mª Molina López Mercedes Viñas Ces 1º Bachillerato B, IES Cornelio Balbo, Cádiz 2008-2009
  2. 2. Índice Vida Arresto y Prisión Símbolo de Libertad Presidente de Sudáfrica Actividad Política Los oscuros años en ROBBEN ISLAND Premios y Condecoraciones
  3. 3. Vida - Nació el 18 de Julio de 1918 - Primer Presidente de Sudáfrica en ser elegido por medios democráticos bajo sufragio universal.
  4. 4. Arresto y Prisión - Durante su arresto en prisión (encerrado en una celda de Robben Island) se convirtió en la figura más conocida de la lucha contra el apartheid en Sudáfrica. - En su alegato al abrir la defensa en juicio, el 20 de abril de 1964, ante la Suprema Corte en Pretoria, Mandela se esfuerza en demostrar la racionalidad en la elección del CNA.
  5. 5. Arresto y Prisión “Durante toda mi vida me he dedicado a esta lucha del pueblo africano. He peleado contra la dominación blanca, y he peleado contra la dominación negra. He buscado el ideal de una sociedad libre y democrática, en la que todas las personas vivan juntas en armonía e igualdad de oportunidades. Es un ideal que espero poder vivir para ver realizado. Pero si es necesario, es un ideal por el cual estoy preparado para morir”. Mandela defendió a los suyos con estas palabras que hicieron llorar a la multitud. Junto con sus compañeros de lucha es condenado a cadena perpetua. Ese mismo año lo nombran presidente del CNA.
  6. 6. Símbolo de Libertad Mandela fue el prisionero número 46664 durante 27 años en penosas condiciones. El gobierno de Sudáfrica rechazó todas las peticiones de que fuera puesto en libertad. Mandela se convirtió en un símbolo de la lucha contra el apartheid dentro y fuera del país, una figura legendaria que representaba la falta de libertad de toda la población negra sudafricana.
  7. 7. Presidente de Sudáfrica En 1984 el gobierno blanco intentó acabar con tan incómodo mito, ofreciéndole la libertad si aceptaba establecerse en uno de los bantustanes a los que el régimen había concedido una ficción de independencia; Mandela rechazó el ofrecimiento
  8. 8. Presidente de Sudáfrica Frederik De Klerk, presidente de la República por el Partido Nacional, hubo de ceder ante la evidencia y abrir el camino para desmontar la segregación racial, liberando a Mandela en 1990 y convirtiéndole en su principal interlocutor para negociar el proceso de democratización. Mandela y de Klerk compartieron el Premio Nobel de la Paz en 1993. Las elecciones de 1994 convirtieron a Mandela en el primer presidente negro de Sudáfrica; desde ese cargo puso en marcha una política de reconciliación nacional, manteniendo a De Klerk como vicepresidente. Mandela y De Klerk
  9. 9. Actividad Política Después de la victoria del Partido del Congreso Nacional en 1948, con su política de segregación racial, el Apartheid, Mandela cobra importancia dentro del Partido del Congreso Nacional Africano (CNA). Comprometido con los métodos no violentos de resistencia.
  10. 10. Actividad Política En 1959 el Congreso Nacional Africano pierde su soporte militante cuando la mayoría de los africanistas, con apoyo económico de Ghana y ayuda de los Basotho en el Transvaal se separan para formar el Congreso Pan-Africano (PAC). Mandela empieza a descubrir la profundidad del apoyo al Congreso Pan- Africano, y la creencia generalizada que el Congreso Nacional Africano era una pequeña asociación tribal manipulada por blancos comunistas, y retorna entonces a Sudáfrica decidido a reorganizar los elementos nacionalistas africanos en la alianza parlamentaria.
  11. 11. Los oscuros años en ROBBEN ISLAND Las condiciones son inhumanas y los dictámenes del Apartheid también rigen dentro de los muros. Mandela ve claro que también dentro de la cárcel debe continuar con su lucha y se pone manos a la obra impulsado por la fuerza del cambio. Mandela se convierte en portavoz de sus compañeros ante la Patio de la prisión de Robben Island dirección de la prisión y reclama ante las constantes injusticias.
  12. 12. Los oscuros años en ROBBEN ISLAND Cuando Mandela se debate con sus sentimientos de impotencia ante esta situación, llega la noticia de la muerte de su hijo de 25 años; de nuevo el padre no puede organizar ni asistir al funeral, cosa que vuelve a hacerle plantearse si el sacrificio ha valido la pena.
  13. 13. Premios y Condecoraciones Embajador de la conciencia, premio otorgado por Amnistía Internacional (2006) Llaves de la ciudad - Johannesburgo (2004) Premio Nobel de la Paz, en 1993 Premio de la Paz de Mahatma Gandhi Orden de Canadá Premio Príncipe de Asturias a la cooperación internacional (1992) Orden de San Juan Medalla presidencial de la libertad Orden al mérito del Reino Unido (1995) Isithwalandwe (1992)
  14. 14. Premios y Condecoraciones Bharat Ratna (1990) Premio Sajarov, del Parlamento Europeo (1988) Premio Lenin de la Paz (1962) Premio Internacional Simón Bolívar (1983) Premio nacional de la paz (1995) Su efigie fue incluida en l friso de los Mártires del Siglo XX, en la Abadía de Westmisnster, Londres, en 2007

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