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Gandhi1982 (1).pptx

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Gandhi1982 (1).pptx

  1. 1. 1982 Author: Tato Bezhitashvili GANDHI: Political Analysis of Movie January 8, 2021
  2. 2. AGENDA 1) A brief synopsis; 2) 8 dialogues/quotations from the movie; 3) Analyzing the episodes within IR theories; 4) My alternative synopsis.
  3. 3. Introduction: What is the movie about? • “Gandhi” is a British-Indian biographical drama directed by Richard Attenborough in 1982. • The movie presents key events in the life of Mahatma Gandhi (played by Ben Kingsley), the beloved Indian leader who stood against British rule over his country. The film consists of a variety of IR concepts, including - Principles of justice, morality and ethics; - Tyranny, audience and system, hierarchy; - Asymmetrical war; - Empire vs Multitude; - Idealist principles of love, peace, goodness, honesty, and truth; - Neo-Marxist critique against capitalists' actions; - Nonviolent resistance; - Anarchy, Chaos, the lack of order.
  4. 4. Dialogue/Quotation Analysis "- In the words of General George C. Marshall, the American Secretary of State: 'Mahatma Gandhi has become the spokesman for the conscience of all mankind. He was a man who made humility and simple truth more powerful than empires‘. • The sense of justice; • Principles of morality and ethics. Gandhi proved the immoral nature of the British behavior towards or against their subordinate Indians. "The human voice can never reach the distance that is covered by the still small voice of conscience" (Strohm, 2011). Gandhi, however, could make his "still small voice” heard globally. 1 5:25’
  5. 5. Dialogue/Quotation Analysis “ - Because in our country it is the British who decide how an Indian lives, what he may buy, what he may sell“. • Tyranny - controlling of all aspects of the subordinated society. • Audience and system; • Hierarchy. 2 1:00:05’
  6. 6. Dialogue/Quotation Analysis “ - England is so powerful.. its army.. and its navy.. all its modern weapons.. But when a great power like that strikes defenseless people, it shows its brutality, its own weakness". Asymmetrical war 3 1:24:26’
  7. 7. Dialogue/Quotation Analysis “ - We must defy the British... English factories make the cloth that makes our poverty..." • Empire vs multitude • Indian workers were exploited by the British, their jobs and money were stolen. • The multitude, as such can be explained as the masses of people that are both exploited workers and potential revolutionaries. 4 1:40:10’
  8. 8. Dialogue/Quotation Analysis “ - I remember that all through history, the way of truth and love has always won. There have been tyrants and murderers… and, for a time, they can seem invincible. But in the end, they always fall". • Idealist principles of love, peace, goodness, honesty, truth, and justice. • The organizational tools of pure communication, due to which Gandhi united the masses of his people. • This was a victory of Idealist peaceful resistance over Realist power. 5 1:52:06’
  9. 9. Dialogue/Quotation Analysis “ - This salt comes from the Indian Ocean. Let every Indian claim it as his right... And so, once more, the man of nonviolence has challenged the might of the British Empire." • Neo-Marxist critique against capitalists' actions in impoverished countries. • Nationalization of salt as a protest against the British domination. 6 2:10:59’
  10. 10. Dialogue/Quotation Analysis "-The question was intended to discover if there was any violence on their side. -No, sir. I'm afraid not…" Nonviolent resistance 7 2:13:45’
  11. 11. Dialogue/Quotation Analysis “ - What you did in Noakhali, Bapu, was a miracle… miracle… But millions are on the move and no one can count the dead. In Calcutta, it’s like a civil war. The Muslims rose and there was a bloodbath. Now the Hindus are taking revenge”. • Anarchy, Chaos. • The lack of order – when there is a civil war or violent confrontation between domestic actors. • In case of India, these were Hindus and Muslims who fought each other. • Still, the personality of Mahatma Gandhi rescued India. 8 2:44:43’
  12. 12. • A bit wearying (boring) pace – 3h 11m. • Better to shorten it in about 2 hours – only those key events that are dynamic to make the film more interesting, not boring. • The film is unfairly biased against Muhammed Ali Jinnah - the founder of Pakistan. • Co-funders, the Film Board of India against the founder of India's neighboring Pakistan. • As long as the movie is biographical, an almost-documentary work, it would be better if the director remained objective, not biased. • Mainly concentrated on Gandhi’s personality, rather than underlining someone else’s misconduct. My Alternative Synopsis
  13. 13. References 1. Amara. (2012, December 10). Gandhi full movie (1982). Retrieved January 5, 2021, from https://amara.org/en/videos/U5hFuLjw7NWX/en/71869/ 2. Attenborough, R. (Director). (1982). Gandhi [Motion Picture]. United Kingdom, India. Retrieved January 4, 2021, from https://movie.ge/movie/Nzgz/gandhi 3. Barkawi, T., & Laffey, M. (2002, January). Retrieving the Imperial: Empire and International Relations. Millennium - Journal of International Studies, 31(1), 109-127. Retrieved December 12, 2020 4. Bertram, C. (2018, July 26). How Accurate Is The Movie 'Gandhi'? Retrieved January 6, 2021, from https://www.biography.com/news/how-accurate-is-the-movie-gandhi 5. Paulus, A., & Vashakmadze, M. (2009, March). Asymmetrical war and the notion of armed conflict: a tentative conceptualization. 91(873), 95-125. Retrieved January 5, 2021, from https://www.corteidh.or.cr/tablas/R23029.pdf 6. Strohm, P. (2011). Conscience: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved January 5, 2021 7. Weber, C. (2005). NeoMarxism: is Empire the new world order? . In C. Weber, International relations theory: a critical introduction (2rd ed., pp. 123-149). Routledge. Retrieved January 5, 2021, from http://aberkane.yolasite.com/resources/International%20Relations%20thiories.pdf
  14. 14. Thank You !

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