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Session 6 2 Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning: Monitoring Uptake for Impact

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Session 6 2 Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning: Monitoring Uptake for Impact

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As the ACAI project shifts focus from research-related activities to dissemination activities, it becomes imperative that different results and targets are achieved, and how these results and targets will be monitored and be known to all stakeholders.
The presentation on ME&L highlighted the results to be achieved, targets to be met and methodologies to monitor number of farmers reached with the DSTs, farmers changing practices through use of the DSTs, and farmers benefiting from use of the DSTs.
Farmers reached will be monitored by aggregation of number of farmers who are aware and gain knowledge of ACAI DST per use case, per DST format and per partner dissemination approach.
Farmers changing practices through use of the DSTs will be monitored through panel surveys, which will be done on annually starting in 2019.
Farmers benefiting from use of the DSTs will be monitored by impact survey, which will be conducted at the end of the project.

As the ACAI project shifts focus from research-related activities to dissemination activities, it becomes imperative that different results and targets are achieved, and how these results and targets will be monitored and be known to all stakeholders.
The presentation on ME&L highlighted the results to be achieved, targets to be met and methodologies to monitor number of farmers reached with the DSTs, farmers changing practices through use of the DSTs, and farmers benefiting from use of the DSTs.
Farmers reached will be monitored by aggregation of number of farmers who are aware and gain knowledge of ACAI DST per use case, per DST format and per partner dissemination approach.
Farmers changing practices through use of the DSTs will be monitored through panel surveys, which will be done on annually starting in 2019.
Farmers benefiting from use of the DSTs will be monitored by impact survey, which will be conducted at the end of the project.

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Session 6 2 Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning: Monitoring Uptake for Impact

  1. 1. Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning: Monitoring uptake of recommendations for impact www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org | www.acai-project.org Theresa Ampadu-Boakye and Saburi Adekunbi
  2. 2. The African Cassava Agronomy Initiative Project outcomes www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org | www.acai-project.org Target: +2,500 tonnes new cassava fertilizer blends +8 t/ha additional cassava root yield +2 t/ha additional cassava root yield, and +500 kg/ha additional intercrop yield +4 t/ha additional cassava root yield (or equivalent cost saving) +10 tonnes additional supply of cassava roots to the processing industry +5 tonnes additional supply of cassava starch to the processing industry Number of Extension Agents involved: NA 445 124 496 150 44 Number of households reached: NA 94,000 46,800 104,200 18,750 15,400 Number of households impacted: NA 28,200 35,100 42,900 6,563 7,700
  3. 3. Primary Outcome 1: By 2020, at least 120,000 cassava farmers are benefiting from a total value created of at least 28 M USD through higher cassava yields, higher yields of crops associated with cassava, higher starch content of cassava roots, a more continuous supply of roots, and/or the use of appropriate cassava fertilizer, within the target areas of the primary partners in Nigeria and Tanzania. Primary Outcome 2: By 2020, at least 10 partners/initiatives besides the primary partners are using tools within the context of their specific dissemination strategies, with a potential of doubling above impact targets. Primary Outcome 3: By 2020, national system scientists of the 4 target countries are integrating innovative agronomy approaches in NARS-led initiatives Intermediate Outcome 1.3: By 2018, cassava agronomy decision support tools are used by primary partners with target smallholder farmers Intermediate Outcome 2.1: By 2019, new partners/initiatives are actively working with the project to adapt the decision support tools to their own needs Intermediate Outcome 3.1: By 2019, at least 5 scientists per national system have been leading the implementation of activities within the context of this initiative • Output 1.3.2 – 1.3.7: DSTs developed and validated • Output 1.3.9: Grassroots events organized around the DSTs • Output 1.3.10: Farmer-friendly training videos developed and tested • Output 1.3.11: Capacity of extension agents and last-mile delivery partners developed to use the DSTs and convey relevant information to farmers Output 2.1.1: Awareness of ACAI DSTs created and applications implemented in the target countries beyond the primary partners and their target areas. Output 2.1.2: Cassava clusters established with engagement of all major stakeholders operating within cassava value chains Output 3.1.1 – 3.1.5: Capacity of research institutions enhanced: • to conduct effective cassava agronomy research enhanced • to conduct database management • in geospatial data analysis skills • in project management • to conduct standardized soil and plant analysis ACAI Selected Results
  4. 4. Expected Impacts - Benefits Indicator Partner Use case Impacts Number of cassava farmers benefiting from a total value created by the project through higher cassava yields SG2000 FR 3750 Notore FR 9450 MEDA FR 15000 OYSCGA BPP 7500 CAVA II NG BPP 21600 Number of cassava farmers benefiting from a total value created by the project through higher cassava or intercrop yields 2Scale IC 12600 SG2000 IC FCI IC 22500
  5. 5. Expected Impacts - Benefits Indicator Partner Use case Impacts Number of cassava farmers benefiting from a total value created by the project through higher starch content of cassava roots Psaltry/2Sca le HS 4200 CAVA II NG HS CAVA II TZ HS FJS HS 3500 Number of cassava farmers benefiting from a total value created by the project through higher cassava yields or higher revenue through scheduled planting Psaltry SP CAVA II NG SP CAVA II TZ SP 6563
  6. 6. ACAI MEL approach to monitoring Results-based M&E systems: •Designed to provide feedback on the actual outcomes and goals of project actions. It also addresses the following “so what” questions – So what about the fact that outputs have been generated? – So what that activities have taken place? – So what that the outputs from these activities have been counted? Highlights different levels of generating feedback for the project stakeholders to make informed decision based on the project results to be achieved
  7. 7. Farmers level results to be monitored Cassava farmers working with ACAI development partners’ that are changing practices and benefitting through the use of ACAI DSTs Cassava farmers working with ACAI development partners’ in selected areas Cassava farmers working with ACAI development partners’ that will be aware and gain knowledge about the ACAI DSTs (through direct participation in partner dissemination activities) IADOPTION AND IMPACT TARGET FARMERS FARMERS REACHED
  8. 8. Monitoring Farmers Reached • Reach is one component of monitoring progress towards goals and does not imply any lasting or significant change • By reaching more people we are in a better position to impact more ADOPTION AND IMPACT FARMERS REACHED Cassava farmers who are aware and gain knowledge about ACAI DSTs: • To be monitored/recorded using various tools • Per dissemination approach used by partners • Demos; field days, video; • Per DST formats- smartphone app, IVR, table, maps, USSD, • Total farmers reached will be aggregation from all sources
  9. 9. Aggregating results: targets and feedback Development partners (with support from ACAI) integrate DSTs into their dissemination activities The server hosting IVR, USSD, and smartphone app formats will be used to monitor farmers reached through them ACAI will develop tools to capture farmers reached from paper formats + additional tools to capture other details Through Development Partners
  10. 10. Infrastructural setup www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org | www.acai-project.org IVR Cassava growers Extension agents Calculate recommendations Log requests DST 1 2 3 3 3 4 Feedback at 4 levels…
  11. 11. Feedback mechanisms www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org | www.acai-project.org Request logs: who requested what information where and when? Evaluate reach (nr of farmers), quality of the input, regional differences,… 1 2 3 4 Feedback at 4 levels… Integrated feedback within digital tools: are these recommendations useful? Evaluate usefulness, negative aspects, time to obtain advice, net promoter score Feedback from Extension Agents: Is the DST user-friendly? Evaluate EA’s preferences and capabilities to work with the DSTs Feedback from farmers: were the recommendations applied / current practices adapted? Evaluate changes in behaviour, early signs of adoption, relationships with farmer typology Evaluation of the DSTs will be carried out on quarterly basis to establish feedback for stakeholders
  12. 12. Integrating Formats into Existing dissemination Approaches Key Questions How do we achieve our farmers target with site specific recommendations?
  13. 13. ME&L feedback generated Generate recommendation on lead farmers’ field or cooperative group field using DST formats Use recommendation to establish demonstration field for learning Farmers learn from demo through awareness creations Farmers are given table and map formats to generate individual recommendations Integrating Formats into Existing dissemination Approaches Using Demonstration to reach farmers
  14. 14. Integrating Formats into Existing dissemination Approaches Approach Method of data collection Preferred DST formats Demonstration plot Manually (use of questionnaire) and template to populate farmers reached from demonstration Smartphone app and paper- based tools Field day Smartphone app and table format Forging Partnership Relevant format will be used when Partnership has been initiated. SG2000 The ACAI MEL system will complement with SG2000 systems
  15. 15. Integrating Formats into Existing dissemination Approaches Approach Method of data collection Preferred DST formats Demonstration plot Update from Village promoters via calls/text messages and Visits + database of demonstration farmers Smartphone app, paper-based Map Field day Video Viewing session Radio Cluster meeting Notore The ACAI MEL system will complement with Notore systems
  16. 16. Integrating Formats into Existing dissemination Approaches CAVA II Approach Method of data collection Preferred DST formats Demonstration plot Mobile data collection and paper questionnaire + database of demonstration farmers IVR and paper-based map Field day Training Platform creation The ACAI MEL system will complement with CAVA II systems
  17. 17. Integrating Formats into Existing dissemination Approaches Psaltry Approach Method of data collection Preferred DST formats Demonstration plot Electronically (Farmforce) and Manually + database of farmers reached through demonstration Smartphone app and paper- based formats Pre-season sensitization Video session Radio Review and Capitalization The ACAI MEL system will complement with Psaltry systems
  18. 18. Integrating Formats into Existing dissemination Approaches OYSCGA Approach Method of data collection Preferred DST formats Farmers farm visit Table format for farmers and USSD & Smartphone app for EAs Pre-season sensitization Table OYSCGA will use ACAI MEL system for data collection
  19. 19. Monitoring changes in farmer practices and benefits •This will involve the households that participated in the baseline and those that did not participate (ratio 70:30) in the treated villages. •It will be conducted on yearly basis starting from 2019 •It focusses on the changes in practices and knowledge of farmers and farmers willingness ADOPTION AND IMPACT Cassava farmers that are changing practices and benefitting through the use of ACAI DSTs: • To be monitored through panel surveys • “Reached farmers” sampled per • partner dissemination approach • Per use case • Per DST formats- smartphone app, IVR, table, maps, USSD,
  20. 20. ACAI ME&L Tools to capture results Information Type Source Tool Data/Information on the use of DSTs on yearly basis Extension Agents Extension Agents panel survey tool Information on (management practices, knowledge on DSTs, yield, etc) from farmers on yearly basis Households (HH) HH panel survey tool Information on dissemination approach, cassava processing/starch content, engagement with EAs, farmers reached etc. on yearly basis. Development Partners (DVPs) Development Partners tool
  21. 21. Monitoring impact of the project Impact Survey • This will be conducted at the end of the project to determine: • whether there have been any changes (gross effect), • if the changes can be attributed to ACAI and how much of these changes are actually due to ACAI interventions (net effect). • Total number of farmers benefiting from a total value created by the project across use cases • Total cumulated value generated by the project across use cases • It will focus on households in the treated and control villages in the operation areas of ACAI development partners.
  22. 22. Thank you ! Merci !! Asante !!! E seun !!!!

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