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DAS Slides: Data Modeling Case Study — Business Data Modeling at Kiewit

Kiewit has been a leader in the construction industry since 1884. Key to the organization’s success is not only its focus on high quality engineering and its forward-thinking workforce, but its ability to manage complexity in a clear, concise, and data-driven way. As part of the organization’s strategic initiative to become even more data-driven in the way it estimates and manages projects, conceptual data models were built to create an overview of critical key data assets. Data architecture diagrams resonated well with key stakeholders who were well accustomed to driving success based on architectural diagrams, and these models were a key driver for the future data strategy for the organization. Join this webinar to learn more about Kiewit’s path to success through business-focused data models.

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DAS Slides: Data Modeling Case Study — Business Data Modeling at Kiewit

  1. 1. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT Louise Breathnach, Principal Architect, Data Strategy, Kiewit Technology Group Donna Burbank, Managing Director, Global Data Strategy
  2. 2. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 • Principal Architect, Data Strategy at Kiewit Technology Group • 25+ years experience in data-intensive software development o Natural Language Processing o Data security o Streaming data ingest and processing o High availability systems • I models! LOUISE BREATHNACH
  3. 3. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 DONNA BURBANK 3 • Recognized industry expert in information management with over 20 years of experience in data strategy, information management, data modeling, metadata management, and enterprise architecture. • Managing Director at Global Data Strategy, Ltd., an international information management consulting company that specializes in the alignment of business drivers with data-centric technology. • DAMA International member. Past President and Advisor to the DAMA Rocky Mountain chapter. • Excellence in Data Management Award from DAMA International. • Has worked with dozens of Fortune 500 companies worldwide in the Americas, Europe, Asia, and Africa and speaks regularly at industry conferences. • Co-author of several books on data management. • Regular contributor to industry publications. Follow on Twitter @donnaburbank @GlobalDataStrat Twitter Event hashtag: #DAStrategies
  4. 4. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 DATAVERSITY DATA ARCHITECTURE STRATEGIES January Emerging Trends in Data Architecture – What’s the Next Big Thing? February Building a Data Strategy - Practical Steps for Aligning with Business Goals March Data Modeling Case Study – Business Data Modeling at Kiewit April Master Data Management – Aligning Data, Process, and Governance May Data Architecture, Solution Architecture, Platform Architecture – What’s the Difference? June Enterprise Architecture vs. Data Architecture July Best Practices in Metadata Management August Data Quality Best Practices (with guest Nigel Turner) September Data Modeling Techniques October Data Governance: Aligning Technical & Business Approaches December Data Architecture for Digital Transformation 4 This year’s lineup:
  5. 5. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 WHAT WE’LL COVER TODAY • Kiewit has been a leader in the construction industry since 1884. Key to the organization’s success is not only its focus on high quality engineering and its forward-thinking workforce, but its ability to manage complexity in a clear, concise, and data-driven way. • As part of the organization’s strategic initiative to become even more data-driven in the way it estimates and manages projects, conceptual data models were built to create an overview of critical key data assets. • Data architecture diagrams resonated well with key stakeholders who were well accustomed to driving success based on architectural diagrams, and these models were a key driver for the future data strategy for the organization. • This webinar will discuss Kiewit’s journey to success through business-focused data models. 5
  6. 6. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 • More than 135 years of construction excellence • Diversified business operations throughout North America • $12.5 billion in 2020 revenue • Experienced and dedicated management team o Privately held – owned by active employees • Emphasis on safety and quality • Strength through core values • One of the largest privately owned equipment fleets in North America – 24,000 units with a $3 billion replacement value • Employs 27,000 staff and craft employees KIEWIT CORPORATION 6
  7. 7. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 • Industry-wide low data maturity • Proliferation of data solutions and silos • Inconsistent knowledge of Kiewit data across IT and business • Fledgling data governance and data architecture efforts • 2016 CEO goal to be data driven • “Pleased but not satisfied” culture • Stewardship is a Kiewit core value • Pockets of data excellence KIEWIT’S DATA CHALLENGES AND ADVANTAGES 7 Goal: Make data visible so we can better manage it. Challenges Advantages
  8. 8. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 8 DATA-DRIVEN BUSINESS TRANSFORMATION Business Strategy Aligned With Data Strategy How We Work • Data and Technology work best when aligned with the organization’s culture and business goals. Why… • is this organization unique? • is this organization successful and valuable? Who … • is the “persona” of the organization? • Are the key stakeholders? What … • language is used? • is the ‘style’ of the organization How… • does the organization work? Process-driven, metric-driven, Organization-focused, etc. • is the company organized and run? Visit www.globaldatastrategy.com for more information
  9. 9. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 FRAMING THE SITUATION
  10. 10. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 THE APPROACH 10 • Organize data by business capability • Conceptual data model for clarity of language • Sub-models can have high level of detail – “almost logical” • Tell the “story” through architectural models • Communicate results through architectural modeling software - align with the way of working of the business
  11. 11. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 11 WHAT IS A DATA MODEL? In construction, a high-level architecture diagram provides overall context and scope… …which directs the technical implementation and building of the plant.
  12. 12. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 WHAT IS A DATA MODEL? 12 With data, a high-level architecture diagram provides overall business context and scope… …which directs the technical implementation and building of databases, systems and analytics.
  13. 13. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 DATA POWERS THE BUSINESS 13 In a combined-cycle power plant, the steam from plant operations is reused to provide power generation, increasing efficiency and innovation. Energy
  14. 14. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 DATA POWERS THE BUSINESS 14 Within Kiewit, like the combined-cycle power plant, data is the “steam power” from business operations that can be reused as a “digital thread” to increase efficiency and innovation. Data Governance Analytics Reporting Reference Data Master Data Data Models, Business Glossary, Metadata Data Lake Data Transformation - ETL Data Warehouse Data Staging Area Business Insight Operational Data - Purchase Orders - Design Specs - Estimates Raw Data - Equipment Telemetry - Weather Readings Financial Data - Estimates - Budgets
  15. 15. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 Mine Documents Interview Experts Build the Model Validate and Network WHAT WE DID 15 • Mined operating procedures, training documents, reports for concepts • Interviewed ~ 30 IT personnel • Modeled each business capability area • Validated the Capability Model and Conceptual Model with business subject matter experts • Networked by asking each expert to name other business SMEs • Over 100 business SMEs contributed to the data model!
  16. 16. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 SUBJECT AREA vs. CAPABILITY MODEL 16 Kiewit is a company of doers. We organize our models by business capability to better align with how the business thinks about data.
  17. 17. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 COMPLEX CONCEPTUAL MODELS 17 Kiewit designs and builds complex projects in diverse markets. Condensing that complexity into a single page model was challenging! We use a one-page model to give an overview, but we work in the submodels, like the example shown here.
  18. 18. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 18
  19. 19. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 19
  20. 20. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 • Capability model was more natural for business to understand • Most people were really engaged in the process and the result, despite being incredibly busy • COVID made this process more difficult – whiteboards and face-to-face communication worked best • IT view of data was very different from business view • Highly decentralized business = lots of overloaded terms; lots of discussion to sort these out • Easy for business SMEs to identify data problems by pointing at the model o Confidence in data o Data movement between business processes o Inconsistent usage across the business o Lack of awareness of downstream data consumers WHAT WE LEARNED 20
  21. 21. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 • Business experts volunteered feedback – by marking up the models using their standard-issue diagram review tool • Addressing data issues identified by SMEs – working with Data Quality, Application Development, Data Stewards, business process owners • Incorporating the model into Kiewit Data School – a 10-week data literacy course for Kiewit design and field engineers, managers, and home office personnel • Using to inform impact analysis from legacy system decommissioning o Business capability is the throughline between systems and data o Downstream data relationships o Records retention o Data disposition NOW & NEXT 21
  22. 22. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 • Data models are a great way for business and IT stakeholders to communicate o Use the language of the business o Tell the “story” that aligned with the business’ “day job” o Choose the right level of detail (e.g. conceptual data model) o Focus on results and action • Working with the business through data models can result in new insights and ideas around data SUMMARY 22
  23. 23. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 • Global Data Strategy is an international information management consulting company that specializes in the alignment of business drivers with data-centric technology. • Our passion is data, and helping organizations enrich their business opportunities through data and information. • Our core values center around providing solutions that are: o Business-Driven: We put the needs of your business first, before we look at any technology solution. o Clear & Relevant: We provide clear explanations using real-world examples. o Customized & Right-Sized: Our implementations are based on the unique needs of your organization’s size, corporate culture, and geography. o High Quality & Technically Precise: We pride ourselves in excellence of execution, with years of technical expertise in the industry. 23 DATA-DRIVEN BUSINESS TRANSFORMATION Visit www.globaldatastrategy.com for more information Who We Are
  24. 24. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 DATAVERSITY DATA ARCHITECTURE STRATEGIES January Emerging Trends in Data Architecture – What’s the Next Big Thing? February Building a Data Strategy - Practical Steps for Aligning with Business Goals March Data Modeling Case Study – Business Data Modeling at Kiewit April Master Data Management – Aligning Data, Process, and Governance May Data Architecture, Solution Architecture, Platform Architecture – What’s the Difference? June Enterprise Architecture vs. Data Architecture July Best Practices in Metadata Management August Data Quality Best Practices (with guest Nigel Turner) September Data Modeling Techniques October Data Governance: Aligning Technical & Business Approaches December Data Architecture for Digital Transformation 24 This year’s lineup:
  25. 25. DATA MODELING AT KIEWIT – MARCH 2021 Questions? Thoughts? Ideas? 25

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