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AI at the Edge

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The Fog or Edge Computing model complements Cloud Computing with small, typically sensor-enabled and IOT connected devices that process distributed data at its source. As this model matures, we see an uptake on a 3-tier architecture with Intelligent Gateways to aggregate sensor input before communicating with data centers or a Cloud. Two forces will drive the practice of distributing Intelligence (Understanding/Reasoning/Learning) to the Gateway. The first is the presence of the Gateway itself, which enables a standards-based approach to distributing intelligence and moving it closer to the edge. The second is the trend for simplifying system requirements by processing training data or model validation with big data prior to deployment, and using small footprint devices for operational systems.

This webinar will present an overview of the relevant technologies and trends. Participants will learn about the state of the art today, and how to identify apps in their own environment that would be good candidates for Intelligent Edge solutions.

Veröffentlicht in: Technologie
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AI at the Edge

  1. 1. AI At The Edge Intelligence in the Fog Adrian Bowles, PhD Founder, STORM Insights, Inc. Lead Analyst, AI, Aragon Research info@storminsights.com JANUARY 11, 2018
  2. 2. Context & Definitions Architecture Choices Business Implications Getting Started: Creating Business Value with Distributed Intelligence Recommendations AGENDA Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  3. 3. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. COMPLEMENTARY TECHNOLOGIES Context
  4. 4. Applications & Appliances Connected to the Internet… Copyright (c) 2017-18 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. THE IOT It Starts With Sensors…and Ends With Insights Actions A sensor is a device that detects the presence of a signal and reports/signals data about that signal/event Sensors are Event-driven May be Stationary or Mobile
  5. 5. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. MOBILE VS STATIC SENSORS Vehicles Individuals Military: Troops to Tanks Manufacturing - Machines Retail - Spaces Smart Cities Mobile Connecto rs Mostly Mobile Mostly Static
  6. 6. Systems Controls LearnReason Understand Model Data Mgmt Human Machine Input Output Gestures Emotions Language Narrative Generation Visualization Reports Haptics Sensors (IOT) Systems Controls Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. COGNITIVE SYSTEMS: COMMUNICATIONS & CONTROL
  7. 7. LearnReason Understand Model Data Mgmt Human Machine Input Output Gestures Emotions Language Narrative Generation Visualization Reports Haptics Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. COGNITIVE SYSTEMS: COMMUNICATIONS & CONTROL Sensors (IOT) Systems Controls Systems Controls
  8. 8. Fog: FOG/EDGE COMPUTING Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. A Cloud that can’t get off the ground
  9. 9. Fog: The Edge: FOG/EDGE COMPUTING Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. A Cloud that can’t get off the ground Lead Guitarist for U2 Device Outside the Data Center Terminal Network Node The Edge. (2018, January 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:20, January 11, 2018, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Edge&oldid=818580195
  10. 10. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. Autonomous Intelligent AUTONOMY VS INTELLIGENCE Abstract Generalize Learn Understand Reason Independent Decisions & Actions
  11. 11. Alex Coppel / Herald Sun/Getty Images Fernando Alonso Walks Away from a 46G Impact Will F1 become fully autonomous? Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. FROM INFORM/ADVISE TO AUTOMATE
  12. 12. Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. The SourceFog Cloud Data CenterGateway MOVE THE COMPUTATION TO THE DATA, OR DATA TO THE PROCESSOR? Architecture
  13. 13. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. WHAT/WHEN TO MOVE/DISTRIBUTE? Design DS1 P1 Data Processing Element Intelligent Element
  14. 14. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. WHAT/WHEN TO MOVE/DISTRIBUTE? DS4 DS1 DS2 P1 P1 P2 P4P3 DS3 DS4 DS1 DS2 DS3
  15. 15. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. WHAT/WHEN TO MOVE/DISTRIBUTE? DS4 DS1 DS2 P1 P1 P2 P4P3 DS3 DS4 DS1 DS2 DS3
  16. 16. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. DISTRIBUTE INTELLIGENCE Design DS4 DS1 DS2 P1 P1 P2 P4P3 DS3 DS4 DS1 DS2 DS3
  17. 17. 2-TIER IOT ARCHITECTURE Sensors/ Devices Compute Engine Data Center Cloud Cluster Network Copyright (c) 2017-18 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  18. 18. Sensors/ Devices Compute EngineGateways (Process, Aggregate & Package) Data Center Cloud Cluster Network Copyright (c) 2017-18 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. 3-TIER IOT ARCHITECTURE ENABLES DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENCE & ANALYTICS
  19. 19. 3-TIER IOT ARCHITECTURE ENABLES DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENCE & ANALYTICS Sensors/ Devices Train the Deep Learning Model Data Center Cloud Cluster Network Compress & Run The DL Model Copyright (c) 2017-18 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  20. 20. OrientAct Observe Decide Small Model OrientAct Observe Decide Small Model Feedback Sensor Sensor Effector Effector COLLABORATIVE AUTONOMY - MULTIPLE SENSORS & EFFECTORS (DISTRIBUTED) Copyright (c) 2017-18 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  21. 21. Copyright (c) 2017-18 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. COMPLEXITY VS MOBILITY CCTV SmartPhone Traffic Counter Fitbit Data Complexity Static Mobile Low High Weather Station Telematic Device
  22. 22. DATA ATTRIBUTES DICTATE ARCHITECTURE CHOICES Speed Streaming Structure/Complexity Surface_Shallow Dense_Deep Static Copyright (c) 2017 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  23. 23. IT’S A COMPLEX, DATA-RICH WORLD: SENSORS ARE EVERYWHERE Market data Competitive data News Smart grid Traffic data Crime data Weather data Geo-tagged supply chain data Electronic health records Mobile sources Video (Closed Circuit) ... Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. Copyright (c) 2014 by Umbrellium Ltd. Business
  24. 24. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. IMPACT OF THE IOT AND #MODERNAI/COGNITIVE COMPUTING ON STRATEGY IOT/#ModernAI enable New technologies New models New ecosystems Intelligence can be Local to the device Distributed Aggregated When everything is connected… New sources of data emerge New sources of value emerge Old assumptions must be challenged
  25. 25. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. CREATING BUSINESS VALUE WITH DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENCE Know Where Your Customers Are - And Where They Will Be Know What Your Customers Want Know When Your Customers’ Wants Change Know Your Customers Anticipate Opportunities For Each Rule: Do you have or can you capture streaming data that can increase your value proposition? Data about your product, supply chain, or customer that can improve performance, reliability, predictability… Can you create value from new analysis of open data? Adding your own data/algorithms to open data creates value. Tip: Choose an infrastructure that allows you to evaluate live streaming data in the context of relevant historical data. Getting Started
  26. 26. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. KNOW YOUR CUSTOMERS Collect/Track: Demographics Psychographics Emotions Technologies: NLP Analytics Machine Learning Captured/Enabled By: Sensors Active Passive Systems Profile-Driven Interactive Interfaces Profiles Opt-In Generated Purchased Derived Current
  27. 27. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. KNOW WHAT YOUR CUSTOMERS WANT Collect/Track: Behavioral History Captured/Enabled By: Sensors Active Passive Systems Profiles Opt-In Generated Purchased Derived Peer Profiles Product/Service Trends Current Technologies: NLP Analytics Machine Learning
  28. 28. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. KNOW WHEN YOUR CUSTOMERS’ WANTS CHANGE Collect/Track: Behavioral History Environmental Factors Technologies: Analytics Machine Learning Current Captured/Enabled By: Sensors Active Passive Systems Profiles Opt-In Generated Purchased Derived Peer Profiles Product/Service Trends
  29. 29. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. KNOW WHERE YOUR CUSTOMERS ARE - AND WHERE THEY WILL BE Collect/Track: Geo Track/History Technologies: Mobile WiFi Beacons Facial Recognition Analytics Machine Learning Captured/Enabled By: Sensors Active Passive Systems Profiles Opt-In Generated Purchased Derived Current Future
  30. 30. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. ANTICIPATE OPPORTUNITIES Technologies: Analytics NLG Machine Learning Current Captured/Enabled By: Sensors Active Passive Systems Profiles Opt-In Generated Purchased Derived Peer Profiles Product/Service Trends Collect/Track: Demographics Psychographics Emotions
  31. 31. Copyright (c) 2014-18 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. MAKE YOUR APPLICATIONS AWARE EVERYWHERE Aware Everywhere Mobility Analytics/ Big Data Cloud Social Enabling Technologies Everywhere indicates that services and data are generally available to customers on-demand regardless of their physical location (except where prohibited by law or technology constraints). Aware indicates that the enterprise has adopted tools and techniques that permit it to access and leverage data from a broad range of IP-enabled devices to identify opportunities for new or improved services. An aware business process or device can make real time pricing and service offering decisions based on this data, interpreted in context.
  32. 32. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. WHAT SENSOR DATA DO YOUR CUSTOMERS ALREADY PRODUCE? Type Typical Current Use Potential Use Accelerometer/motion Rotate screen, Switch screen to landscape/portrait Ambient Light Adjust screen brightness Barometer Measure altitude Geo-Location (wifi/cellular) Location/Alerts 3-Axis Gyroscope Rotation rate for games, VR… Proximity Turn off screen when phone is by your head Touch ID fingerprint, Facial Recognition Security
  33. 33. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. FIND NEW USES FOR EXISTING DATA SOURCES Copyright (c) 2014 by Umbrellium Ltd. No Shortage of Data How will you create value?
  34. 34. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. INSIGHTS & RECOMMENDATIONS It’s the sensors, stupid If you’re not predicting, you’re just reporting Own the insight, not the data Process/Analyze As Close to the Source as Possible Move Intelligence To The Edge (Fog) Parallelism in Algorithms? Exploit it with hardware at the edge
  35. 35. Copyright (c) 2018 by STORM Insights Inc. All Rights Reserved. OPPORTUNITIES ARE EMERGING EVERY DAY…
  36. 36. adrian@storminsights.com Twitter @ajbowles Skype ajbowles KEEP IN TOUCH Upcoming SmartData Webinar Dates & Topics Feb. 8 A Pragmatic AI Maturity Model: Choosing the Right AI Technologies Based on Application Requirements and User Attributes March 8 Machine Learning Update: An Overview of Technology Maturity and Product Vendors April 12 Knowledge as a Service: An Introduction to the Emerging Pre-Built Knowledge Market AGEOFREASONING.COM BOOK, VIDEOS, PROFESSIONAL SERVICES COMING SOON…

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