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“Doubling of Farmer’s Income by Farming System Approach for Food Security & boosting Rural Economy”

  1. Presented by Dayanidhi Chaubey BAC/M/AGRO/010 /2016-17 Department of Agronomy Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur (Bihar) -813 210 Credit Seminar on “Doubling of Farmer’s Income by Farming System Approach for Food Security & boosting Rural Economy”
  2. Doubling of Farmers’ Income “I wish to double the income of farmers by 2022 when India will celebrate 75 years of its Independence” Prime Minister while addressing farmers rally at Bareilly (Feb 28, 2016) Budget 2016-17 “We are grateful to our farmers for being the backbone of the country’s food security. We need to think beyond food security and give back to our farmers a sense of income security. Government will, therefore, reorient its interventions in the farm and non-farm sectors to double the income of the farmers by 2022.” Finance Minister Budget Speech, February 29,2016.
  3. 1. Doubling of Farmer’s Income Introduction: Vision 2022 of Govt. of India: Double farmers incomes by 2022 80 million hectares under agriculture is dependent on rains 263 million farmers and Agricultural Labour dependent on rains 86% are small and marginal farmers
  4. What is to be doubled? Income of farmers, not farm incomes only, not the output or the income of the sector or the value added or GDP of agriculture sector. i.e. Real Income not Nominal Income Nominal income is the income expressed in money terms and measured in current currency (rupee, dollar etc.) Real income is income of individuals or nations after adjusting for inflation. RI = NI – Inflation
  5. Major Challenges and issues in Agriculture in Bihar  Occurrence of flood, drought and hail storm etc.  Less use of rice fallow land.  Delay sowing of wheat.  High cost & less availability of hybrid seeds.  Lack of short duration high yielding varieties.  High cost of production.  Low storage and processing facilities.  Market fluctuation in cropping and off season.  Imbalance & more use of chemical fertiliser and pesticide.  Productivity of major crops is also low in comparison to national level.  Low productivity in Tal and Diara area.  Lack of marketing facility.
  6. Timely and Authentic? Localised and based on local needs? ?? ? Understandable? Help me in weather based contingency situations? Complete and doable? Weather based local adaptation? Is the knowledge useful for me to adapt? Real situation of Farmer in India
  7. “Due to Climate change, I was facing lot of problems. Everything has changed; climate shocks affect the crop yield. Farming has been passed from generations and is still the only source of income but not the sustainable one. Ram Lal (farmer from Bihar)
  8. Strategy for doubling the income of farmers in Bihar A. By increasing productivity of crops  Timely supply of good quality of sufficient seeds prior to season.  By adapting GAP (Good Agricultural Practices)  Timely availability of good quality of inputs  Applying short duration high yielding varieties.  By promoting Farm Mechanization  Adaption of Integrated Nutrient Management  Use of Integrated Pest Management  By increasing irrigation facilities
  9. Conti….. B. By increasing cropping intensity  According to land situation, irrigation and other facilities farm plan should be prepared for Kharif, Rabi and Zaid for 03 years e.g. I. Paddy - wheat/pulses/Maize II. Maize – Wheat/Pulses/Maize III. Maize – Wheat/Pulses/Maize - Mung IV. Vegetable (cauliflower) - potato - onion – mung V. Maize/Vegetable – Potato-Onion-Mung VI. Paddy (short duration) - vegetable - onion - maize VII. Paddy - vegetable - maize  Short duration hybrid/HYV seeds to be used.  Use of rice fallow land  Rice- Makhana cropping System
  10. Conti….. C. Diversification of cropping system with high value crops I. Cash crops- Sugarcane, Betel leaf and Vegetables etc. II. Spices - Turmeric, Ginger, Dhania, Garlic, Ajwain and Saunf etc. III. Mushroom Cultivation IV. Rearing of honey bee V. Medicinal Plant - D. By Reducing cost of production 1) Subsidy on farm inputs 2) Provision of subsidy on HYV/ hybrid in light of market price. 3) Use of green manuring e.g. Dhaincha, Moong, Cowpea, Sunhemp etc. 4) Application of balance dose of fertilizer on the basis of soil testing. 5) Provision of subsidy on diesel.
  11. 7) Use of Renewable energy i.e. Solar energy, Bio gas etc. 8) Use of bio fertilizers e.g. Rhizobium, PSB, Azotobactor, Azolla, Blue green Algae, Mycorrhiza 9) Subsidy on transport 10) Promotion of DSR/zero tillage technology. 11) Promotion of custom hiring system 12) Use of Organic fertilizers and Manures E. Promotion of integrated farming system  Synergise blending of crops/horticulture, dairy, fishery, and poultry to provide regular income. F. Protected cultivation of vegetables and flowers with Micro irrigation G. Constitution of FPO to create market. H. Effective procurement strategies to procure on MSP I. Regular region wise weather forecasting. J. Provision for practicing kitchen gardening for Urban households and poor people. K. Facilities of more warehouses and cold chain. Conti…..
  12. L. Agro forestry / alternate land use planning M. Construction of water harvesting structures N. Risk Management to cope with climate change O. Makhana fish culture P. Insurance against crop Q. Paddy cum fish culture R. Post harvest management to reduce crop losses S. Required value addition and processing T. Market linkages and reforms Conti…..
  13. Krishi Road Map 2017-2022 of Bihar Launched on Nov. 9, 2017 in Patna. Budget of Rs 1.54 lakh crore over a period of five years. Aim: Promoting organic farming - development of an organic corridor and providing input subsidy to farmers in advance. To ensuring organic farming in 1.57 lakh acres of land: i. 2,000 acres in 2017-18, ii. 2,5000 acres in 2018-19, iii. 3,5000 acres in 2019-20, iv. 4,5000 acres in 2020-21 and v. 50,000 acres in 2021-22. To provide regular and quality power to farmers Objective: Pratek bhartiye ke thali me Bihar ka ek bayanjan.
  14. Inferences Supply of quality seeds, fertilisers, irrigation, crop intensity, high value crops, technology, this will raise farmers income by 52% by 2022. Better prises to farmers and shift of workers to non-agriculture at the rate attained in past will add another 23%. All factors sum up to 75%. To reach the target of 100% increase, we need to accelerate our efforts by 33%. Sourse: Prof. Ramesh Chand, NITI Aayog.
  15. Integrated farming system The integrated farming system approach introduces a change in the farming techniques for maximum production in the cropping pattern and takes care of optimal utilization of resources. The farm wastes are better recycled for productive purposes in the integrated system. A judicious mix of agricultural enterprises like dairy, poultry, piggery, fishery, sericulture etc. suited to the given agro-climatic conditions and socio-economic status of the farmers would bring prosperity in the farming. 2. Farming System Approach
  16.  It enables to identify the major constraints in increasing farm productivity.  To understand the physical and socio- economic environment within which agricultural production takes place.  To gain an understanding of the farmer in terms of his/her skills, constraints, preferences and aspirations.  To comprehend and evaluate the performance of existing important farming systems.
  17. Other resources Soil Water Energy Farmers family Crop Livestock Labour Capital Components of Farming System
  18. Different component of Integrated Farming System Crop production Dairy Poultry Fishery Mushroom cultivation Agro-forestry
  19. Contd.... Piggery Goatry Vegetable & fruit cultivation Duckery Bee keeping Biogas Plant
  20. Role of Farming System  Food security  Provide balanced food  Quality food basket  High productivity and enhanced farm income  Effective recycling of resources  Minimizing environmental pollution  Employment generation
  21. 1. Food security  Food security refers to the availability of food and one's access to it.  Integrated use and management of land, water and resources to maximize income and employment.  A household is considered food-secure when its occupants do not live in hunger or fear of starvation.  Economic and ecological access to food could be only ensured by adopting farming system approach.
  22. 2. Provides Balanced Food There is need of farming system which has several components like dairy, poultry, goatry, fisheries etc. along with crop production. In this way, farming system would not only meet the food demand but also cater the need of protein, fat, vitamins and minerals required for good health. Incorporation of horticulture and agroforestry with cropping would ensure seasonal access to fruits, fuel, fodder and fiber.
  23. 3. Quality food basket  As the living status is improved, the requirement of cereals will be decreased and supplemented by other items viz. milk, egg, meat, fruit etc.  Integration of allied enterprises with cropping increases the nutritive value of the products.
  24. 4. Higher productivity and enhanced farm income  Integration of fish in rice system decreased rice grain yield due to the presence of fish trenches occupying 10% of the rice area; however, additional income increases.  The profit can be increased more when fish, vegetables and livestock are included in rice – rice farming system.
  25. 5. Effective recycling of resources  The effective recycling of farm resources is possible by adoption of farming system research.  Crop by-product is utilized as fodder for animals, and animal by-product i.e. milk, and dung may be utilized for increasing income and soil fertility, respectively.
  26. 6. Minimize environmental pollution  In Punjab, Haryana, western Utter Pradesh and Bihar burning of rice residue is common practice, which increased the concentration of green house gases in atmosphere, in addition to huge amount of nutrient loss.  Such situation could be avoided by introduction of some more enterprises like animal husbandry on the farm.  Rice straw may be used as animal feed.  Since crop based agriculture is highly season specific and time bond, the intensity of labour requirement increases during sowing and harvesting time of crops.  For rest of the time, farmers sit idle if they do not have off-farm activities. This leisure time could be utilized effectively by adoption of farming system, which keeps the whole family busy throughout the year. 7. Employment generation
  27. 3. Food Security & boosting Rural Economy Food security means : Availability, Accessibility and Affordability of food to all people at all times.
  28. PDS (Public Distribution System scheme), RPDS (Revamped Public Distribution System), TPDS (Targeted Public Distribution System), AAY (Antyodaya Anna Yojana), APS (Annapurna Scheme) Source: Economic Survey of India
  29. Table: Comparison of Economics of rice-poultry-fish- mushroom system of Integrated Farming System Component Integrated farming system (0.40 ha) Conventional cropping system (0.40 ha) Additional net income from IFS over CCS (Rs)Gross income (Rs) Cost of production (Rs) Net income (Rs) Gross income (Rs) Cost of production (Rs) Net income (Rs) Crop 19076 11398 7678 13536 7202 6334 1344 Poultry 2861 1944 917 - - - 917 Fisheries 3568 1486 2082 - - - 2082 mushroom 6156 5078 1078 - - - 1078 Total 31661 19906 11755 13536 7202 6334 5421 Tamil Nadu Rangasamy et al. 1996
  30. Conclusion By adaption of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP). By implementation Of making farmers friendly policy along with precise use of all the resources as well as inputs. Awareness and positive thinking among the farmers. Using conservation agriculture technology.