Trekking is an outdoor activity of walking for
more than a day. It is a form of walking,
undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring
and enjoying the scenery. Trekking could be a
motive, It could be a commitment, an aim, an
objective, a mission and challenge. Trekking
means going on difficult journey, especially on
SOME EXAMPLES OF TREKS ARE:
• Tour of the Bernina on the
Swiss/Italian border (9 days)
• Pennine Way in northern
England/Scottish Borders (20 days)
• Annapurna Circuit in Nepal (15-23
4 KINDS OF TREKKING:
• Easy Trekking: This type of activity if for
beginners and basically involves the view
of colorful horizons or sight of beautiful
• Moderate Trekking: A more challenging
than easy trekking. It is performed on
medium to slightly higher altitudes. The
individuals doing this type of trekking
should be energetic.
4 KINDS OF TREKKING:
• Strenuous Trekking: This type of trekking
requires strenuous physical efforts. It is
basically done on high altitude regions and
is suitable only for those who have some
previous experience of trekking.
• Difficult Trekking: Fourth type
of trekking is done on steep
slopes. Generally professional
or experienced trekkers do this
type of trekking.
Camp shoes/sandals: A luxury for your feet at the end of the day.
Thermal shirts/underwear: Good thermals, both tops and bottoms are the
best for cold weather in trekking
Fleece/sweatpants: Good for the cold evening and morning.
Day-wear T-shirts/Shirts: On the lower altitude trekking weather will be hot,
T-shirts and shirts are recommended.
Trekking pants: Recommended to have 2 pairs
Underwear: Regular everyday type.
Neck gaiter: For winter trekking they are really the best for staying warm.
Trekking poles: Trekking poles are very useful especially for downhill.
Sunglasses: Good wraparound glasses suitable for snow, its bright up there,
but specialized glacier glasses with side pieces are not needed.
Mittens/gloves: A good pair of wind-proof gloves is essential.
Sun hat/woolen hat: Trekking in spring and summer of lower altitude is
more hotter and whole day sun shining.
First aid kit :All our trekking our tour and trek leaders carry the first aid kit box including the
medicine for altitude sickness and diaoheria and other small problems.
Water bottle: Two water bottles are recommend 1 liters bottles, bring the good one to take
boiling water and be leak proof.
Torch / Flashlight: Flash light or head lamp is necessary
Towel: During the trekking there are no available Towel at guest houses so you need one
small and light towel for trekking
Sunscreen and lip balm with sunscreen: The sun is strong at altitude, especially after
Moisturizer: The air is dry and windier with dust some part of the trek so moisturizer is good
to car for skins.
Toiletries: shampoo, soap, scissors, hair products, tooth brush and tooth paste, tissues, sun
cream, chap stick, antiseptic hand wipes, face washer etc.
Backpack/Daypack: This should be comfortable and a good waist band that transfers some
of the weight to the hips is most important. It needs to be big enough to take the equipments
that you need.
Footwear: One pair of sturdy light to middle-weight hiking boots. Typically these are
combination of nylon and leather.
Socks: Four pairs of liner socks. Four pairs of mid-weight wool socks. Socks and footwear
should be coordinated for a proper fit.
Down jacket/Gore-Tex: This Jacket is needed for trekking up to 3200m also cold in the
evening and morning.
Fleece jacket: Most trekkers consider this essential, but alternatives are a thick thermal top
or a light down jacket.
Rain Jacket/ Wind Shell: The jacket should be very water repellent and roomy.
Layering: Keeping the proper temperature is best accomplished by adding or taking off
layers of clothing. While hiking during the day, you may be in shorts or skirt and a long-
sleeved shirt. During the evening, as the temperature cools, you will add a sweater and,
perhaps, a parka. Bringing the items outlined below will ensure that you are adequately
prepared. Make sure that your clothing is sized to allow your layers and still move
Cooking implements: such as a tripod chained grill, Dutch oven, or La Cotta clay pot can
be used for cooking on a campfire. A portable stove can be used where campfires are
forbidden or impractical. If using a campground with electricity, an electric frying pan or slow
cooker can be used.
Maps/Global Positioning System (GPS): To make sure that you are in the right direction.
PLAN YOUR ROUTE: Know where you’re going, and tell someone what
KNOW YOUR PHYSICAL CAPABILITIES AND LIMITATIONS: Having a
good understanding of your own level of fitness, experience, and
confidence makes hikes more enjoyable and safe.
PACK THE ESSENTIALS: Pack your day pack with the ten essentials, no
matter how long or short your planned hike may be.
DRESS APPROPRIATELY: Along with packing, choosing the right clothing
can make a world of difference in your comfort, and yes, safety, while
TRAILHEAD SAFETY: Take note of where you parked, number of other
cars to gauge how busy the trail may be, and be aware of the general
TAKE A COURSE: Taking a single or multi-day course can help ensure
you’re equipped to respond to backcountry emergency situations.
STAY ON TRAIL: This seems obvious, but the best way to
respect nature and also not get lost on a hike, is to stay on the
WILDLIFE SAFETY: You’re more likely to see squirrels and
birds than any large wildlife while hiking, but knowing what
types of animals you could encounter and how to react if you do
can benefit both you and the local wildlife.
STAY AWARE OF YOUR SURROUNDINGS & LOCATION: It’s
easy to get consumed by the rhythm of your breath and the
crunch of a trail beneath your feet, but zoning out isn’t the best
KEEP HYDRATED: Dehydration can cause minor problems like
mental fog to fatigue, to more serious illness if it gets severe.
TRAILHEAD SAFETY: Follow the same steps as your pre-
hike protocol to bookend your trip.
TELL PEOPLE YOU’RE BACK: Get in touch with whoever
was keeping tabs on your departure and return time. You’ll
both feel better knowing your trip went as planned, and won’t
have any false alarms raised regarding your whereabouts.
REFLECT ON YOUR TRIP & SHARE HELPFUL INFO: Now
that your hike is over, take some time to reflect on what went
well and what you might do differently next time.
STORE YOUR GEAR PROPERLY: It’s easy to leave your
pack stashed in your car, but bear spray specifically should be
stored indoors where it won’t get too hot.
Health Benefits of Trekking:
• Losing that extra weight.
• Gaining that extra strength.
• Getting a healthier heartbeat.
• Cleaning your lungs.
• Calming your mind.
• Understanding the local culture.
• Making friends for life.
• Seeing wildlife.
Trekking vs Hiking: What’s the Difference?
Hiking is a shorter, easier journey,
commonly walked on looped marked trails,
to-and-back, or even destination hikes.
Trekking always involves a specific
destination. A trekking path goes through
different, often rough terrains and requires
more equipment and preparedness of the
person doing it.
Trekking vs Climbing: What’s the Difference?
Trekking: Going on a long, arduous
hike. It requires more equipment and
preparedness. Climbing: Using legs,
and sometimes hands, to go up
something. It is sports or hobby in
which person climbs a mountain.