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What is Sculpture?
Art & Design
Key Stage 1&2
By Cilik Tripamungkas
NB: The first meeting, introduction
Unit 1C: What is Sculpture?
ABOUT THE UNIT
In this unit children develop their understanding of shape, form, texture and the sensory qualities of materials. They learn
about the work of sculptors and about different kinds of sculpture, including those made of natural materials. They also learn
skills for arranging materials they have collected to make a relief collage and a sculpture.
WHERE THE UNIT FITS IN
This unit builds on Unit 2D „Grouping and changing materials‟ in the science scheme of work, when children explore materials
and objects using appropriate senses, and make observations and simple comparisons.
WHAT THE UNIT COVERS
Craft, Collage, Colour, 3D, Texture, Sculpture, Shape, Individual work, Collaborative work, and Form.
In this unit children will have an opportunity
to use words and phrases related to:
• natural materials, eg grasses, bark,
pebbles, rushes, leaves
• made materials, eg fabric, card, clay tiles,
• reclaimed materials, eg made for one
purpose and used again for another purpose
• visual qualities, eg shape, form, colour
• tactile qualities, eg hard, soft, rough,
smooth, bumpy, rigid, pliable
• materials and processes, eg sculptor,
sculpture, carving, modelling, casting,
For practical work:
• natural materials, eg stones, pebbles,
small logs, roots, slate, twigs, grasses,
leaves, petals, creepers, bark, feathers,
ferns, seeds, withies;
• made materials, eg card, tubes, straws,
wood offcuts, shavings, flexible,
transparent and rigid plastic;
• materials for collage, eg card base,
glue, dyes or paints for colouring;
• camera, if possible;
• sketchbook, diary or clipboard;
•drawing materials, eg soft graphite
pencils, fine black pens, pastels
most children will be
• explore ideas about
and use materials and
• communicate ideas and
meanings in three-
comment on similarities
• differences between
their own and others‟
work; adapt and
improve their own work
some children will not
have made so much
progress. They will be
• represent ideas in three
what they think or feel
about their own and
• others‟ work
some children will have
progressed further. They
will be able to:
• collect visual and other
information for their
shape, form and texture
• materials to create a
comment on similarities
• between their own and
others‟ work; adapt and
improve their own work
At the end of this unit
What do you think sculpture is?
What materials are used to make
Sculpture is often about the human body, but sometimes it can
“Why the materials used?”
Eg. Long lasting, temporary, to resist weather, to
convey idea about the subject.
Someone who creates sculptures called Sculptor.
Sculptor who work using
materials such as
stone, bronze, and wood.
Henry Spencer Moore
An English sculptor and artist. He was best known for
his semi-abstract monumental bronze sculptures
which are located around the world as public works
Born : July 30, 1898, Castleford,
Died : August 31, 1986,
Much Hadham, United Kingdom
Periods: Modernism, Modern art
Education: Castleford High School, Royal College
of Art, Leeds College of Art and Design
Awards: Erasmus Prize
Man Enters the Cosmos is a cast bronze sculpture by
Henry Moore located on the Lake Michigan lakefront
outside the Adler Planetarium in the Museum Campus
area of downtown Chicago in Cook
County, Illinois, United States.
Location: Adler Planetarium; Created: 1980 ; Media:
Nuclear Energy is a bronze sculpture by Henry
Moore that is located on the campus of the
University of Chicago at the site of world's first
nuclear reactor, Chicago Pile-1. Location:
University of Chicago
Created: 1964–1966; Genre: Abstract art; Media:
Bronze; Subject: Nuclear power
King and Queen is a bronze sculpture by Henry Moore,
designed in 1952. It depicts two figures, one male and
one female, seated beside each other on a bench.
Location: Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden;
Created: 1957; Media: Bronze
An English artist and sculptor. Her work exemplifies
Modernism and in particular modern sculpture. She was
"one of the few women artists to achieve international
Born : January 10, 1903, Wakefield
Died : May 20, 1975, St Ives, United
Artwork : Curved Form (Bryher), Two
Periods : Modernism, Modern art, Abstract
Education : Wakefield Girls High School, Royal
College of Art, Leeds College of Art
Date: 1943, cast 1958
Medium: Plaster on wooden base
He is a British sculptor, photographer and
environmentalist producing site-specific sculpture
and land art situated in natural and urban settings.
He lives and works in Scotland.
Born : July 26, 1956 (age 57),
Cheshire, United Kingdom
Nationality : British
Movies : Rivers and Tides
Periods : Contemporary art, Land art
Education : University of Central
Lancashire, Bradford College,
Harrogate High School
An American sculptor best known as the originator
of the mobile, a type of kinetic sculpture made with
delicately balanced or suspended components
which move in response to motor power or air
Born : July 22, 1898, Lawnton,
Pennsylvania, United States
Died : November 11, 1976, New
York, United States
Full name : Alexander Calder
An artistic rendering of a circus.
Lobster Trap and Fish Tail
Location: the Museum of Modern Art
in New York City, New York, United
Media: Painted steel wire, Sheet
metal, Steel wire
a 53 foot tall stabile located in the
Federal Plaza in front of the
Kluczynski Federal Building in
Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Created: October 25, 1974
painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage
designer, poet and playwright who spent most
of his adult life in France.
Born: October 25, 1881, Málaga, Spain
Died: April 8, 1973, Mougins, France
The Chicago Picasso
An untitled monumental sculpture by
Pablo Picasso in Chicago, Illinois.
The sculpture, dedicated on August
15, 1967, in Daley Plaza in the
Chicago Loop, is 50 feet tall and
weighs 162 short tons.
Head of a Woman (Fernande)
The next meeting:
Arrange to visit to a park, wood, forest, rocky place, coast
Ask the children to work in pairs and to look for natural
Ask them to take a photograph of the sculptures.
Ask them to notice: How is the sculpture arranged? What
materials used? What shaped it? What effect did wind,
weather, animals have on it?