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INK OUT OF
 TEA BAGS
 Prepared by: Group 2
ORIGINALLY MADE BY:
    Jamie Quilala
INTRODUCTION
 Tea is created by using
 the leaves of a plant
 known as Camellis
 sinensis . This plant is a
 native to Chi...
Tea-drinking can be traced
back to the 10 century BC in
                 th

China before it was spread to
Korea and Japan...
It was mentioned that
theaflavin is the reddish brown
pigment found in tea. It is an
example of a flavonoid which
acts to ...
OBJECTIVES
This research is being done to find out
the potency of the extract of the
leaves from the the plant Camellis
si...
Our research aims to produce this
ink as a cheaper alternative to
those commercial ones. Compared
to the ink we are aiming...
To match with the color and
consistency of other inks, we
will be adding other substances,
specifically vinegar and
cornst...
STATEMENT OF THE
PROBLEM
Generally, this investigatory project aims
to find out if tea bags can be used to
create an ink.
...
HYPOTHESES
 Extracts  taken from tea
  bags have the potential
  to be made into an ink.
 If vinegar and
  cornstarch ar...
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE
STUDY
This investigatory project will benefit us by
producing an alternative for other inks.
These oth...
SCOPE AND
LIMITATIONS
Our research and experiments are
only limited to making a simple ink as
a colorant. It does not incl...
REVIEW OF RELATED
LITERATURE
The history of Chinese inks can be traced
back to the 18th century BC, with the
utilization o...
Saffron is well known as the source of a
truly brilliant if rather fugitive yellow and
there is evidence of its use, both ...
The Strasbourg manuscript, of an
earlier period, also describes the use of
a whole range of plants used in the
manufacture...
Early historical accounts of tea are
unclear, for the Chinese character for
tea had not been standardized, and
several oth...
Tea dyeing is an easy way to mute
fabrics or give them an older, antiqued
look. Tea stains the fibers and gives a
semi-per...
Tea and ink as a medium has
become a trademark for Griffiths in
the art world. 
METHODOLOGY
SET-UP A
 Experimental Set-up
MATERIALS
7  teabags
 1 1/2 cups of water
 1 tablespoon of vinegar
 Cornstarch
 Strainer and fork
 Bottle
PROCEDURE
    Place the 7 teabags in 1 ½ cups
     of boiling water.
   Create the tea for 6-8 minutes.
   Remove the teabags from the
    boiling water. Use a strainer and a
    fork to remove all of the extracts.
   While stirring the tea, add a
    tablespoon of vinegar.
   Continue to stir it. Add as much
    dissolved cornstarch as you need to
    have your desired consistency.
   Remove it from the heat and let it
    cool. When done, store in a bottle.
SET-UP B
 Controlled Set-up
MATERIALS
 7  teabags
  1 1/2 cups of water
  Strainer and fork
  Bottle
PROCEDURES
    Place the 7 teabags in 1 ½ cups
     of boiling water.
   Create the tea for 6-8 minutes.
   Remove the teabags from the
    boiling water. Use a strainer and a
    fork to remove all of the extracts.
   Remove it from the heat and let it
    cool. When done, store in a bottle.
FINDINGS
During the procedure itself, we have observed
that boiling is an effective process of
extraction. Right after we ...
After letting them dry, it was seen
that ink A had a darker color while ink
B’s writings faded.
DISCUSSION OF
RESULTS
Our hypothesis which states that tea bags
have the potential to be made into an ink if
vinegar and c...
A cellulose acetate is used as film
base in photography and a film
base is a transparent substance
which acts as a support...
The addition of vinegar and cornstarch
in making an ink can result to a
thicker consistency and consistent
color which is ...
CONCLUSION
 Tea bags can be used to create an ink.
 Vinegar can strengthen the color of
 the product, ink.
 Cornstarch ...
SUMMARIZATION
 There are many different kinds of ink. In
 our experiment we will use tea bags as
 the main component of ou...
We therefore conclude that one can
create an improvised ink using the
extract from tea bags. This will be
very convenient ...
RECOMMENDATION
Based on the conducted experiment,
we recommend the following for
further improvements. To have better
resu...
Instead of directly placing your desired
amount of cornstarch in the mixture
above low fire, it would be better to
dissolv...
REFERENCES
 Cannon,   1995
 Ciba Review, 1938
 Irwin and Brett,1970
 Strange,1924
 http://www.wikihow.com/Make-Ink-fr...
   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vinegar
   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tea
   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tea_bag
  ...
   http://www.2basnob.com/tea-history-timeline.html
   http://www.freesciencefairproject.com/requirements.
    htm
   h...
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Investigatory Project

Paranaque Science High
Summer Class Group 2
Investigatory Project
Members: Gliza Cacafranca, Rhem Dela Cruz, and Russen Charlotte

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Investigatory Project

  1. 1. INK OUT OF TEA BAGS Prepared by: Group 2
  2. 2. ORIGINALLY MADE BY: Jamie Quilala
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Tea is created by using the leaves of a plant known as Camellis sinensis . This plant is a native to China, South Asia and Southeast Asia but is now found
  4. 4. Tea-drinking can be traced back to the 10 century BC in th China before it was spread to Korea and Japan. Basically, this drink is made by brewing tea leaves to create an extract. Due to the chlorophylls and other pigments in the leaves, the extract commonly appears with a brown color.
  5. 5. It was mentioned that theaflavin is the reddish brown pigment found in tea. It is an example of a flavonoid which acts to create color.
  6. 6. OBJECTIVES This research is being done to find out the potency of the extract of the leaves from the the plant Camellis sinensis as an ink. Nowadays, ink is a pigment in a liquid or paste form used as colorants and dyes. Also, they are becoming more and more expensive because of their increasing purposes.
  7. 7. Our research aims to produce this ink as a cheaper alternative to those commercial ones. Compared to the ink we are aiming to create, commercially produced inks are toxic and can behazardous to a persons health once there is inappropriate contact with it.
  8. 8. To match with the color and consistency of other inks, we will be adding other substances, specifically vinegar and cornstarch, whichare common and easy to find.
  9. 9. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Generally, this investigatory project aims to find out if tea bags can be used to create an ink. Specifically, it aims to answer the following questions: a. Can vinegar strengthen the color of the product, ink? b. Can cornstarch contribute to achieving the right consistency of the ink? c. Are the processes boiling and straining efficient in taking the extract out of the tea bags?
  10. 10. HYPOTHESES  Extracts taken from tea bags have the potential to be made into an ink.  If vinegar and cornstarch are added to the mixture, then the product would have a stronger color and a thicker consistency than
  11. 11. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY This investigatory project will benefit us by producing an alternative for other inks. These other manufactured inks nowadays come quite expensive prices, but since the materials to be used in our project are common and easy to find, you will be spending less money. Also, no harmful chemicals will be used in making our ink. Therefore, it is non-toxic compared to commercially sold inks which have the tendencies of causing harm to one's health and to the environment.
  12. 12. SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS Our research and experiments are only limited to making a simple ink as a colorant. It does not include inks that are used in machines such as printers, copiers, etc. Also, our study includes the effects of vinegar and cornstarch on the product. To have accurate observations, we will be creating two set-ups: an ink without vinegar and cornstarch and one with vinegar and cornstarch.
  13. 13. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE The history of Chinese inks can be traced back to the 18th century BC, with the utilization of natural plant dyes, animal, and mineral inks based on such materials as graphite that were ground with water and applied with ink brushes. The India ink used in ancient India since at least the 4ath century BC was called masi, and was made of burnt bones, tar, pitch, and other substances applied with sharp pointed needle .
  14. 14. Saffron is well known as the source of a truly brilliant if rather fugitive yellow and there is evidence of its use, both as a colorant and medicine, in the Greek and Persian civilizations of the same period. Indian skill in vegetable dyeing and painting reached a high point in the two centuries from 1600 to 1800 AD, when the painting and resist dyeing of cotton cloth known to us as Chintz became the basis of the largest trade in textiles that the world had ever seen.
  15. 15. The Strasbourg manuscript, of an earlier period, also describes the use of a whole range of plants used in the manufacture of inks and water-colours. Later we see developments in vegetable block-printing inks in 17th and 18th century Japan where it is interesting to note that some colours were actually leached from previously dyed cloth.
  16. 16. Early historical accounts of tea are unclear, for the Chinese character for tea had not been standardized, and several other Chinese characters appear in books referring very likely to the same plant, Camellia Sinensis, what we now call tea.
  17. 17. Tea dyeing is an easy way to mute fabrics or give them an older, antiqued look. Tea stains the fibers and gives a semi-permanent dull brown "dirty" tone to the whole piece. It is used when you want to "antique" a craft textile such as a doll dress or small quilt. Griffiths uses the medium of tea and ink (sometimes graphite, vodka, whiskey, and others) to create these pieces.
  18. 18. Tea and ink as a medium has become a trademark for Griffiths in the art world. 
  19. 19. METHODOLOGY
  20. 20. SET-UP A Experimental Set-up
  21. 21. MATERIALS 7 teabags  1 1/2 cups of water  1 tablespoon of vinegar  Cornstarch  Strainer and fork  Bottle
  22. 22. PROCEDURE  Place the 7 teabags in 1 ½ cups of boiling water.
  23. 23.  Create the tea for 6-8 minutes.
  24. 24.  Remove the teabags from the boiling water. Use a strainer and a fork to remove all of the extracts.
  25. 25.  While stirring the tea, add a tablespoon of vinegar.
  26. 26.  Continue to stir it. Add as much dissolved cornstarch as you need to have your desired consistency.
  27. 27.  Remove it from the heat and let it cool. When done, store in a bottle.
  28. 28. SET-UP B Controlled Set-up
  29. 29. MATERIALS 7 teabags  1 1/2 cups of water  Strainer and fork  Bottle
  30. 30. PROCEDURES  Place the 7 teabags in 1 ½ cups of boiling water.
  31. 31.  Create the tea for 6-8 minutes.
  32. 32.  Remove the teabags from the boiling water. Use a strainer and a fork to remove all of the extracts.
  33. 33.  Remove it from the heat and let it cool. When done, store in a bottle.
  34. 34. FINDINGS During the procedure itself, we have observed that boiling is an effective process of extraction. Right after we have placed the teabags in the boiling water, the change of color is very noticeable. During this step the mixture had a very strong smell from the tea. While following the procedures for set-up A which included the placing of vinegar, there was no immediate change in color as we expected. Instead, the vinegar’s effect was seen when we tried to paint the two inks on paper. While applying the ink on paper, it was harder to use ink B because it’s consistency was very watery. Thus it became runny and
  35. 35. After letting them dry, it was seen that ink A had a darker color while ink B’s writings faded.
  36. 36. DISCUSSION OF RESULTS Our hypothesis which states that tea bags have the potential to be made into an ink if vinegar and cornstarch is added is proven correct. We had two setups which were Setup A that has vinegar and Setup B that has no vinegar. Vinegar is mainly a dilute aqueous solution of acetic acid which is an important reagent and industrial chemical, mainly used in the production of cellulose acetate.
  37. 37. A cellulose acetate is used as film base in photography and a film base is a transparent substance which acts as a support medium for the photosensitive emulsion that lies atop it, its base generally accounts for the vast majority of the thickness of any given film stock.
  38. 38. The addition of vinegar and cornstarch in making an ink can result to a thicker consistency and consistent color which is better for the usage of the ink. Our observations prove that adding vinegar to the mixture can be made into an ink because without the vinegar there would be no consistency on the mixture and it will be less seen.
  39. 39. CONCLUSION Tea bags can be used to create an ink. Vinegar can strengthen the color of the product, ink. Cornstarch effectively contributes to achieving to the right consistency of the ink. The processes boiling and straining are efficient in taking the extract out of the tea bags.
  40. 40. SUMMARIZATION There are many different kinds of ink. In our experiment we will use tea bags as the main component of our ink. Having two different set-ups will provide the chance to compare the colors and consistencies. Cornstarch is an efficient additive to have the right consistency of the product. Also vinegar is also efficient, though there is no obvious change in color, it was seen that it gave the ink a consistent color whether wet or dry.
  41. 41. We therefore conclude that one can create an improvised ink using the extract from tea bags. This will be very convenient and cheap because the ingredients to be used are commonly found around the house. Also, the said processes, boiling and straining, are efficient and can be easily done.
  42. 42. RECOMMENDATION Based on the conducted experiment, we recommend the following for further improvements. To have better results of extraction, suggest that there would be longer minutes of boiling. We also recommend that one should make use of a large amount of corn starch, a thickening agent, so the application of ink would be done easier.
  43. 43. Instead of directly placing your desired amount of cornstarch in the mixture above low fire, it would be better to dissolve it first in cold or warm water to avoid forming lumps. We still recommend the usage of vinegar because of the results we have observed. Depending on the availability, one can also use processed soybean oil as a drying oil. This is used as a base for printing inks and oil paints.
  44. 44. REFERENCES Cannon, 1995 Ciba Review, 1938 Irwin and Brett,1970 Strange,1924 http://www.wikihow.com/Make-Ink-from-Tea http://chemistry.about.com/b/2011/08/09/how-to- make-ink-easy-ink-recipes.htm http://www.diylife.com/2008/06/27/remove-ink-with- tea-bags/ http://www.ehow.com/how_4493973_create-ink.html
  45. 45.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vinegar  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tea  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tea_bag  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corn_starch  http://www.stinkyinkshop.co.uk/blog/a-short- history-of-ink/  http://ancienthistory.about.com/b/2004/09/27/th e-history-of-ink.htm  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_tea  http://www.chcp.org/tea.html
  46. 46.  http://www.2basnob.com/tea-history-timeline.html  http://www.freesciencefairproject.com/requirements. htm  http://www.investigatoryprojectexample.com/exampl e.html  http://www.webexhibits.org/causesofcolor/7H.html  http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/boiling  http://www.wordreference.com/definition/straining  http://www.thefreedictionary.com/extraction
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Paranaque Science High Summer Class Group 2 Investigatory Project Members: Gliza Cacafranca, Rhem Dela Cruz, and Russen Charlotte

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