Plastics are the major cause of the
Plastic bags are quite popular because these
are light weight and thus easy to carry.
However there is a necessary to look beyond
the momentary convenience and see the big
It has become extremely essential to ban
plastic bags before they ruin our world
3. ONE TIME USE PLASTICS
Single use plastics or disposable plastics, are
used only once before they are thrown away
These items are things like plastic “bags,
straws, coffee stirrers, soda and water bottles
and most of the food packaging”.
4. WHEN AND FOR WHAT PURPOSE THE
SINGLE USE PLASTICS ARE INTRODUCED
It became popular during 1960s in America.
They were used at home and restaurants to cut labour cost and
To avoid the spread of diseases instruments such as syringes,
applicators, drug tests, bandages and wraps are used in
medical industry and often disposed.
In late 1970s and 1980s plastic bags were introduced to
address the concerns about how many trees were cut down, in
order to produce paper bags, which were more common at
They fight against food waste i.e., keeping
food and water fresh for a longer and
reducing the potential for the contamination.
It is flexible and cost-effectiveness.
If they are not properly disposed in the
environment, it can harm plants, animals and
No formal recycling is done because of the
less micron(thickness) level i.e., below
6. WHY TO BAN IT?
1. They can not be degraded, hence it not only
pollutes our water but also our land.
2. They are made from non-renewable sources
and on this account, highly contribute to
3. They are hard to clean and remove from the
4. They are not easy to recycle, even if we try
still these materials do end up in oceans and
7. STEPS TAKEN BY THE WORLD ORGANISATIONS
TO BAN SINGLE USE PLASTICS
In 2015, the European parliament made
regulations on decreasing the use of plastic
bags by 80% by 2019.
- They collect tax and charge for each use of
- They are planning to ban all these plastic
products by 2020
::plastic bottles, straws, cotton buds and
8. On June 5,2018 the UN launched the first
ever global plastic report on the title “Single-
use plastics: a roadmap for sustainability”
- In which they have mentioned that more
than 60 countries have introduced bans on
single use plastics.
In New York, 25 september-2018, UN
Environment launched clean seas campaign
to end marine litter :: micro plastics in
cosmetics and the excessive, wasteful use of
single use plastics by the year 2020.
9. BAN IN INDIA
On 45th world environment day, India
Pledges to Beat Plastic Pollution by 2022:
- The announcement that all ‘single-use’ plastic
across the country will be eliminated.
- India aims to stem the flow of plastics among 130
crore people and eliminate disposables in its race to
beat plastic pollution by 2022.
10. Initiatives like pan-Indian plastic clean-up drives
across public spaces, national reserves and forests
along with simultaneous beach clean-up activities
are in the pipeline.
The pledge also includes transforming 100
monuments across the country into plastic and
Even the Tourism Ministry has risen to the occasion
by pledging to avoid plastic straws at public places.
11. SOME OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL
LAWS IN INDIA
The environmental protection act, 1986.
Hazardous waste management and handling
The national green tribunal act , 2010.
The plastic waste rules, 2011.
The plastic waste management rules, 2016. it is also
amended in 2018.
12. IN TAMIL NADU THE BAN OF SINGLE
USE AND THROW AWAY PLASTICS
On the world environment day-2018, the Tamil
Nadu government announced that it would ban
the use of plastic items, including non-
biodegradable carry bags, from January1,2019
to “gift a plastic-free” state to future generation
However, polythene sachets used for packing
milk, curd, oil and medial equipment would be
exempted from the ban.
13. LIST OF BANNED PLASTIC ITEMS:
1. a. Plastic sheet film used for food wrapping
b. Plastic sheet used for spreading on dining table
2. a. Plastic Thermocol plates
b. Plastic coated paper plates
3. a. Plastic coated paper cups
b. Plastic tea cups
c. Plastic tumbler
d. Thermocol cups
14. 4. a. Plastic carry bag of all sizes & thickness
b. Plastic coated carry bags
5. Water pouches / packets
6. Plastic straw
7. Plastic flags
8. Plastic Coated Carry bags
9. Non-Woven Bags
16. LIST OF ECO-FRIENDLYALTERNATIVES
1. Plantain leaves, Areca nut plates
2. Aluminium foils
3. Paper rolls
4. Lotus leaves
5. Glass / metal tumblers,
6. Bamboo, Wooden Products
7. Paper straw
8. Cloth / Paper / Jute bags
9. Paper / Cloth flags
10. Ceramic wares
11. Edible Cutleries
12. Earthen Pots
It is a high time that we must understand the
intensity at which plastic is destroying our
environment and making the life difficult.
We need to understand the problems being
caused by the plastic bags and stop their use
to ensure the clean and healthy
It is the time our government should take
some strict measures on the ban which have