Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.

Rev&Enl10_1AB

Revolution and Enlightenment

Ähnliche Bücher

Kostenlos mit einer 30-tägigen Testversion von Scribd

Alle anzeigen

Ähnliche Hörbücher

Kostenlos mit einer 30-tägigen Testversion von Scribd

Alle anzeigen
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

  • Gehören Sie zu den Ersten, denen das gefällt!

Rev&Enl10_1AB

  1. 1. Revolution & Enlightenment
  2. 2. 10.1A SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION <ul><li>“ Natural Philosophers” – medieval scientists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For knowledge relied on – ancient authorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Esp – Aristotle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ren Humanists – mastered Greek & Latin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Access to – Ptolemy’s work </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Showed some – thinkers disagreed w/ Aristotle & other Med. auth. </li></ul></ul></ul>Ptolemaic System c. 150 AD
  3. 3. <ul><li>New Inventions – telescope & microscope </li></ul><ul><li>Printing Press – helped spread new ideas quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematicians believed – secrets of nature were found in math </li></ul><ul><li>Sci Rev aka – Age of Reason </li></ul>
  4. 4. Revolution in Astronomy <ul><li>Rev in Astronomy – overturned ideas about universe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ptolemy greatest – astronomer of antiquity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ptolemaic system, called – geocentric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b/c – it places Earth at center of the universe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Universe is – series of concentric spheres one inside the other </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Earth – is fixed (motionless) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At – center </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Beyond spheres – was Heaven where God & saved souls resided </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Nicolas Copernicus felt – geocentric system was too complicated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed – heliocentric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sun – not Earth was at the center of the universe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planets – revolved around the Sun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moon – revolved around the Earth </li></ul></ul>Problems?
  6. 6. <ul><li>Johannes Kepler – German mathematician </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrived at – his law of planetary motion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confirmed – that the Sun was at the center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orbits were – elliptical (egg-shaped) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sun – towards end of ellipse instead of at the center </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Known as – Kepler’s First Law </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Galileo Galilei – Italian scientist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used – a telescope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discovered – mountains on the Moon, Jupiter’s 4 moons, & sunspots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appeared planets – made of material substance like Earth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Church ordered – Galileo to abandon the Copernican idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copernican system – threatened the Church’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seemed to – contradict the Bible </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By 1630s & 40s – most astronomers had come to accept heliocentric </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Isaac Newton </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defined – 3 laws of motion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universal law of gravitation – explains why planets move in elliptical orbits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>around the Sun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>States every – object is attracted to other objects by gravity </li></ul></ul></ul>Fact or Fiction?
  9. 9. 10-1 B Medicine & Chemistry <ul><li>Medicine & Chemistry- information based on Galen’s work w/ animals anatomy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Andreas Vesalius – discussed findings from dissecting human bodies – On the </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fabric of the Human Body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presented – careful & accurate of individual organs & body </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wm Harvey showed – heart (not liver) was the beginning point for circulation of blood – On the Motion of the Heart and Blood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also proved – same blood flows in both veins and arteries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed – blood makes a complete circuit through body </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Andreas Vesalius On the Fabric of the Human Body … he offered detailed instructions (including a list of tools) that a student could use to perform their own dissections and “arrive at an independent conclusion” from either himself or Galenic dogma. http://primatediaries.blogspot
  11. 11. <ul><li>Robert Boyle- Boyle’s Law - properties of gas </li></ul><ul><li>Antoine Lavoisier – invented a system of naming chemical elements </li></ul>
  12. 12. Women in Science <ul><li>Margaret Cavendish – female scientist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote – Observations Upon Experimental Philosophy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical of – belief that humans through science were the masters of nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Ger, women in sci – were astronomers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trained by – their fathers or husbands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maria Winkelmann – German female astronomer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discovered – a coment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Applied for – postions as assistant astronomer at Berlin Academy but denied b/c female – were suppose to take care of the home </li></ul></ul></ul>Globular cluster M5
  13. 13. Rene Descartes <ul><li>French philosopher </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote about – doubt, uncertainty & confusion of 17th C </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beyond doubt – his own existence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasized – the importance of his own mind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1st principle – “I think, therefore I am” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation of – mind & matter (mind & body) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Father of – modern rationalism (reason is the chief source of knowledge) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Scientific Method – systematic procedure for collecting & analyzing evidence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crucial to – the evolution (change) of science in the modern world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dev by – English philosopher Francis Bacon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Believed should use – inductive reasoning to learn about nature </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proceed from – particular to the general </li></ul></ul></ul>

×