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  1. 1. Instructional Design for Competence-based Learning Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design William J. Ryan, Ph.D. Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design
  2. 2. Weekly planner • What is Competency-based Learning? • Difference between competency & skills (outcomes) • What is instructional Design? • Review of various models • ADDIE Instructional Design Model • Examination of common design elements • Weekly exercise • Web conference • Questions? Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design
  3. 3. Many definitions – but essential components are: Measures learning outcomes not seat-time Students advance upon mastery Competencies are explicit, measurable, and transferable Programs are built around rigorous assessment methods Enables personalized learning approaches Leverage technology to personalize instruction and maximize flexibility for learner Linked to 3rd party assessments Transforms the role of faculty What is competency-based learning? Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design
  4. 4. Different but similar… • INSERT COMPETENCIES VS SKILLS from McGrawHill here Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design
  5. 5. Insert a quiz question here – choose from next slide, allow pop ups after choice is made. Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design
  6. 6. Can competency be used? Art History Music Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design
  7. 7. Traditional Approach CBE Approach Student Advancement Time Learning Grades (scaled) Mastery Location Specific Location Indifferent Group-based Individualized Program Delivery Bundled (instruction & assessment) Unbundled General Personalized Instructors Mentors How do you get there? Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design
  8. 8. It’s about the student’s ability to apply basic and other skills in situations that are commonly encountered in everyday life. • Students Advance upon Demonstrated Mastery • Explicit and Measurable Learning Objectives Empower Students • Assessment Is Meaningful and a Positive Learning Experience for Students • Students Receive Rapid, Differentiated Support • Learning Outcomes Emphasize Include Application and Creation of Knowledge It is about design Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design
  9. 9. • Promotes individualized learning and multiple levels of engagement. • Saves time by earning credit for life and work experience. Assessments focus on skill demonstration. • Increases confidence as students advance upon mastery. • Incorporates assessment as an active, meaningful and positive learning experience. CBE… Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design
  10. 10. What is Instructional Design? Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design Instructional Design is the systematic process used in developing activities, information, and media elements to successfully achieve the defined goal. http://www.seas.gwu.edu/student/sbraxton/ISD/GIFS/dc_design.gif
  11. 11. • ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Develop, Implement, Evaluate) • Hannifan and Peck • Dick and Carey Model • Knirk and Gustafson • Morrison, Ross, and Kemp • Rapid Prototyping • Iterative Design • SAM (Successive Approximation Model) Instructional Design Models Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design
  12. 12. • ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Develop, Implement, Evaluate) • Hannifan and Peck • Dick and Carey Model • Knirk and Gustafson • Morrison, Ross, and Kemp • Rapid Prototyping • Iterative Design • SAM (Successive Approximation Model) Instructional Design Models Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design widely adopted Popular as a quick, lower cost alternative to the traditional ID process
  13. 13. ADDIE Implement Analyze Develop Evaluate Design Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design
  14. 14. ADDIE: Analysis Analyze the "Need" Perform a GAP Analysis Conduct a Needs Analysis Conduct a Job Analysis Conduct a Task Analysis Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design Analyze
  15. 15. ADDIE: Design Determine instructional strategy Choose instructional technique Organize content Determine evaluation strategy Research, review, and revise Write, work & worry Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design Analyze Design
  16. 16. ADDIE: Development Develop content Draft test items Determine delivery system & media elements Create storyboards Produce prototypes Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design Analyze Develop Design
  17. 17. ADDIE: Implementation Pilot, Evaluate, Validate Create Final Materials Configuration Integration Market Distribute Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design Implement Analyze Develop Design
  18. 18. ADDIE: Evaluation Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design Implement Analyze Develop Evaluate Design Measure what matters Revise content as needed Distribute results Learner Analysis Teacher or student?
  19. 19. Goals and/or Objectives? Goals are... • broad • general intentions • intangible • abstract • can’t be validated Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design Objectives are… • narrow • precise • tangible • concrete • can be validated
  20. 20. • Behavior - what should be done • Standard - to what standard • Condition - under what conditions The learner will list all the steps in the instructional design behavior process in correct order without references. standard conditions DesignWeek 1: Overview of Instructional Design Objectives
  21. 21. Action Verbs for Objectives Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design Knowledge Define, list, repeat, underline, name, recall, relate Comprehension Restate, discuss, describe, tell, explain, identify, review Application Practice, perform, employ, use, operate, sketch, apply Analysis Compare, relate, solve, diagram, inspect, examine Synthesis Compose, arrange, assemble, prepare, create, plan Evaluation Judge, appraise, select, choose, value, estimate, rate
  22. 22. • Online course • Business topic, used with classroom as well • Fairly similar to other offerings • Wants to “zing” it up • Existing literature on course for research • Contacts in Business Division for assistance Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design Exercise: Your process
  23. 23. • Think about the steps in your typical process. • What would you do to make this instructor happy? • Develop and map (flowchart, mindmap, visualize) your process. • We will discuss on our conference call this week. Exercise 1: Your process Week 1: Overview of Instructional Design

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