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Social Media For Investigations By Detective Jeff Bangild Toronto Police #BoostSM

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Boost For Kids sponsored "Social Media For Investigations" education protocol training at Toronto Police College. Presentation slides of Detective Jeff Bangild

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Social Media For Investigations By Detective Jeff Bangild Toronto Police #BoostSM

  1. 1. INVESTIGATIONS INVOLVINGTHE INTERNET ANDSOCIAL MEDIADetective Jeff Bangild #5158Toronto Police Service – Operation Rebootjeffrey.bangild@torontopolice.on.ca
  2. 2. Just a couple of questions beforewe get started
  3. 3. Modern Day Familiarization with TechnologyRoughly 99% of the students in theToronto area have access to at least onecomputer at home.2/3 of these students have more than onecomputer.Approximately half of the students own acellular phone.During a 2010 Canadian Census, 78% ofCanadians reported having more thanone cell phone per householdCyber Bullying Survey – 2008Factor – IntwentashProfessor Faye MishnaUniversity of Toronto*students in Grade 6,7, 10 and 11
  4. 4. • Created in 2006 in San Francisco, California• The platform was originally designed for theOdeo company to be utilized by employees toconverse during brainstorming sessions.• As of June 2012, there are reported to be 175million Twitter accounts• There are approximately 180,000 Tweets senteach minute of everyday
  5. 5. • Created in 2003 at Harvard University by MarkZuckerberg• Now based in Menlo Park, California• As of October 2012, there are reported to beover 1 billion Facebook profiles• There are approximately 70,000 messagesposted to Facebook each minute of everyday
  6. 6. • Launched in October of 2010 and owned by theFacebook corporation• As of April of 2013, there are approximately 30million users of Instagram.• There are approximately 28,000 photographsuploaded every minute.
  7. 7. • Also created in 2003 and based out of BeverlyHills, California• Up until 2008, this was the most visited socialnetworking site on the internet.• Beginning to make a huge comeback inpopularity due to the part ownership by JustinTimberlake• Mostly used by youth gangs in the United States• As of June of 2012, there are approximately 25million users on MySpace
  8. 8. • Three former employees of PayPal created thesite in 2003. It is based in San Bruno, California• 25% of the videos viewed from YouTube is beingdone with mobile devices.• Approximately 4 billion hours of video are beingviewed each month• Every minute, 72 hours of video are uploaded toYouTube, each day…That’s the equivalent of 36full length feature films each minute.
  9. 9. • This app was created in 2009. Over 50% of the usersof the site are outside of the US.• It is a location based platform in which usersinteract with their environment. It is a gamifiedversion of social media where individuals canreceive badges and rewards for checking-in.• There are approximately 6.2 million “check-ins” perday. Roughly 4,300 per minute.
  10. 10. In the ten minutes that have just passed…• 1,800,000 Tweets published• 700,000 Facebook postsgenerated• 280,000 photos uploadedto Instagram• 720 hours of video addedto Youtube• 6 people in this room havevowed to cancel theirchild’s cell phone plan• 50,000 Four Squarecheck-ins entered
  11. 11. St. Peter’s Square – What a difference 8 years can make
  12. 12. And the winner of the popularity contest is?!
  13. 13. Baby Loves to Dance in the Dark….Really? Seriously?
  14. 14. Why? An excellent question!
  15. 15. Social Media – The Intended Use and Positive Influence
  16. 16. A Cry for HelpJune 22nd, 2009
  17. 17. Ipsos-Reid Survey, Commissioned at the Requestof the Red Cross - 2012
  18. 18. The Dark Side of Social Media• Identity Theft• Fraud• Extortion, Bribery and Blackmail• Cyber-bullying and Cyber-stalking• Threatening and Criminal Harassment
  19. 19. The Generation Gap of Bullying
  20. 20. The Generation Gap of Bullying
  21. 21. The Generation Gap of Bullying
  22. 22. Impact and Victimization of HarassmentJustice Margaret WoolcottBruce MacFarlane“Many stalkers are not violent but all are unpredictable.The irrational mania that drives them to pursue theirvictims is beyond comprehension within the normalframework of social behaviour. It is this unpredictabilitythat generates the most fear, coupled with theknowledge that, in some cases, the stalkers behaviourmay, without warning or apparent reason, rapidly turnviolent. Escalation of the level of threat forms one ofthe most common features of stalking”“the primary impact of harassment is veryoften psychological … there is norequirement that there be physical harm tomake out a very serious case of criminalharassment”
  23. 23. 264. (1) No person shall, without lawful authority and knowing that anotherperson in harassed or recklessly as to whether the other person isharassed, engage in conduct referred to in subsection (2) that causes thatother person reasonably, in all the circumstances, to fear for their safety orthe safety of anyone known to them.(2) The conduct mentioned in subsection (1) consists of(a) repeatedly following from place to place the other person or anyoneknown to them;(b) repeatedly communicating with, either directly or indirectly, the otherperson or anyone known to them;(c) besetting or watching the dwelling-house, or place where the otherperson, or anyone known to them, resides, works, carries on business,or happens to be; or(d) engaging in threatening conduct directed at the other person or anymember of their family.Criminal CodeCriminal Harassment
  24. 24. 264.1 (1) Every one commits an offence who, in any manner, knowinglyutters, conveys or causes any person to receive a threat(a) to cause death or bodily harm to any person;(b) to burn, destroy or damage real or personal property; or(c) to kill, poison or injure an animal or bird that is the propertyof any person.Criminal CodeUttering Threats
  25. 25. 346. (1) Every one commits extortion who, withoutreasonable justification or excuse and with intent toobtain anything, by threats, accusations, menaces orviolence induces or attempts to induce anyperson, whether or not he is the personthreatened, accused or menaced or to whom violenceis shown, to do anything or cause anything to be done.Criminal CodeExtortion
  26. 26. 423. (1) Every one … who, wrongfully and without lawful authority, for the purpose ofcompelling another person to abstain from doing anything that he or she has a lawfulright to do, or to do anything that he or she has a lawful right to abstain from doing;(a) Uses violence or threats of violence to that person or his or her spouse orcommon-law partner or children, or injures his or her property;(b) Intimidates or attempts to intimidate that person or a relative of that person bythreats that, in Canada or elsewhere, violence or other injury will be done to orpunishment inflicted on him or her or a relative of his or hers, or that theproperty of any of them will be damaged;(c) Persistently follows that person(d) Hides any tools, clothes or other property owned or used by that person, ordeprives him or her of them or hinders him or her in the use of them;(e) With one or more other persons, follows that person, in a disorderly manner, on ahighway;(f) Besets or watches the place where that person resides, works, carries on businessor happens to be;(g) Blocks or obstructs a highway;Criminal CodeIntimidation
  27. 27. 298. (1) A defamatory libel is matter published, without lawful justificationor excuse, that is likely to injure the reputation of any person by exposinghim to hatred, contempt or ridicule, or that is designed to insult the personof or concerning whom it is published;301. Every one who publishes a defamatory libel is guilty of an indictableoffence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.Criminal CodeDefamatory Libel
  28. 28. Dearborn, Michigan20 year old Asia McGowan
  29. 29. Port Coquitlam – British Columbia15 year old Amanda Todd
  30. 30. ask.fm – World’s WORST websiteJessica Laney – 16Tampa Bay, FLDecember 9th, 2012Erin Gallagher – 13Donegal, IrelandOctober 27th, 2012Shannon Gallagher – 15Donegal, IrelandDecember 15th, 2012Ciara Pugsley – 13Leitrim, IrelandOctober 27th, 2012
  31. 31. Tumblr Posting – December 29th, 2012
  32. 32. YouTube Observance Thwarts School ShootingDecember 20th, 2012
  33. 33. Bomb Scare – Washington Watch DogJanuary 16th, 2013
  34. 34. You Can Text, But You Can’t Hide
  35. 35. Those Who Don’t Accept Social MediaBeing Part of the “Real World”
  36. 36. The Arrest and Seeking Additional Complainants
  37. 37. Commencing the Investigation
  38. 38. Capturing the Evidence
  39. 39. Capturing the Evidence
  40. 40. Fire Hose – The CCTV of digital media
  41. 41. Fire Hose – The CCTV of digital media
  42. 42. What is a “fire hose”Essentially, the social media fire hose wasdesigned as a marketing analytics tool.Using this software tool will gatherinformation across almost any platformany time a specific product or person ismentioned.Marketing firms use this information togauge the content of theircommercials, target audiences, productplacement and countless other positivebusiness influence.
  43. 43. Fire Hose – Resulting Searches
  44. 44. Fire Hose – Resulting Searches“Fire Hose” captures compiled in Excel format. Listed in chronological order includingthe date and time of the post, the message as well as the specific URL.
  45. 45. Fire Hose – Resulting Searches
  46. 46. Elements of the Offence – IdentityThe accused was born on April the 13th, 1960. He would have been52 years of age in 2012.
  47. 47. Elements of the Offence – IdentityUsing the suspect’s own information
  48. 48. Elements of the Offence – IdentityWhere does my suspect live?At the intersection of Queensway and Berl Avenue
  49. 49. Elements of the Offence – IdentityThe Power of the Internet Search Engineiole’s esthetics2991 Bloor Street West, Toronto, Ontario
  50. 50. Elements of the Offence – IdentityPut the locations together
  51. 51. Elements of the OffenceKnowingly / recklessly harassing
  52. 52. Elements of the OffenceKnowingly / recklessly harassing
  53. 53. Quashing Alibi’s Through Facebook
  54. 54. Instragram Self-Incrimination
  55. 55. FourSquare Check-Ins
  56. 56. Information Available From Digital Photographs
  57. 57. Information Available From Digital Photographs
  58. 58. Information Available From Digital Photographs
  59. 59. This Just In!(Literally….June the 3rd, 2013)
  60. 60. It HAS to be real…it’s the Internet!
  61. 61. Email Notification - Twitter
  62. 62. Email Notification - Facebook
  63. 63. Judicial AuthorizationsSearch Warrants and Production Orders
  64. 64. IP Address Information
  65. 65. IP Address Information
  66. 66. IP Address Information
  67. 67. Law Enforcement Informationhttps://support.twitter.com/articles/41949-guidelines-for-law-enforcement#Twitter Link for Police OfficersEmergency Requests – lawenforcement@twitter.comFacebook Link for Police Officershttp://www.facebook.com/safety/groups/law/guidelines/Emergency Requests – www.facebook.com/records
  68. 68. Location, Location, LocationTwitter HeadquartersSan Francisco, CA Facebook HeadquartersMenlo Park, CAYouTube HeadquartersSan Bruno, CAMySpace HeadquartersBeverly Hills, CA
  69. 69. Canadian Real Estate, eh?!
  70. 70. Additional Resources and WebsitesThe Ontario Education ActToronto Crime StoppersCybertip.ca andprotectchildren.caBoost Child Abuse Prevention &Intervention
  71. 71. The Toronto Police ServiceThere are 17 Divisions within the City of TorontoThe telephone number of the applicable division is(416) 808…followed by the specific station.For example – 14 Division is (416) 808-1400.The telephone number for any of the divisional Youth Bureaus ends in xx05
  72. 72. Thank you very much!