Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.

REDD+ Policy Network Analysis in Ethiopia

231 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

Presentation by Lemlem Tejebe on April 5, 2019 at Workshop in Ethiopia ("Forests and climate change: research results and implications for REDD+ and forest governance in Ethiopia")

Veröffentlicht in: Umweltschutz
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

  • Gehören Sie zu den Ersten, denen das gefällt!

REDD+ Policy Network Analysis in Ethiopia

  1. 1. REDD+ Policy Network Analysis in Ethiopia Melaku Bekele and Lemlem Tejebe Contact: lemlem.tejebe@gmail.com CIFOR Knowledge Sharing Workshop Nexus Hotel, Addis Ababa, 8-9 April 2019
  2. 2. Method: Data Collection REDD+ actors identified in consultation with national REDD+ secretariat and several NGOs  REDD+ Actors • 33 Organizations in structured interviews • 30% of those involved in semi-structured interviews • Senior and mid-level experts were interviewed • Interviews conducted from June to November 2017  Missing information from WB, USFS
  3. 3. Category (11) and Color Code Included in network analysis (33) Government (6) MEFCC, MoANRS, National REDD+, MoWIE, EMA, Oromia REDD+ Nat’l Research/Academic Institutes (7) WGCF-NRs, CSC-AAU, EEFRI, EBI, EDRI, FSS, HoA-REC&N Nat’l Business organizations (3) CTCR, BCE, ESC Nat’l Env. NGO (3) EWNRA, ECCCFF, PHE Int’l Env. NGOs/Networks (2) FA, GGGI Int’l NGO (non-environment) (1) WV Int’l Research Institutes (2) CIFOR, ICRAF Int’l Organizations (4) WB, FAO, UN-REDD, UNDP Foreign government agencies (2) RNE, USFS Professional Association (2) EFS, BSE Hybrid/Multi-stakeholder (1) CCRDA
  4. 4. Results and Discussions
  5. 5. Power Relations among Actors  Measured by “Indegree” = An actor who receives many ties from other actors  26 out of 33 indicates MEFCC as an influential actor in Domestic REDD+ policies.  Followed by WB, MoANRs, Oromia REDD+, RNE, MoWIE and National REDD+ Secretariat.
  6. 6. Reciprocated communication and information exchange Org Reci MEFCC 24 WGCF 14 MoAN Rs 13 Oromia REDD+ 12 WB 11 REDD+ Sec 11 EEFRI 10 CIFOR 10 Reciprocity: number of actors that mutually say they give and take information from each other
  7. 7. Reciprocated communication ..  Private sectors, professional associations and hybrid/multi stakeholder groups do not have a reciprocated relation with others.  Governmental institution mostly exchanges information with national research and academic institution and other governmental institutions.
  8. 8. Brokerage of information  Actors without direct information exchange, indirectly gain information through the bridging actors or brokers.  Brokerage: Actors who gets info from the source and give info to
  9. 9. Brokerage of information  Main brokers of information: • MEFCCC • CIFOR • PHE • REDD+ Sec • ECCCFF • WGCF-NR • EEFRI • GGGI • CSC-AAU • EWNRAs  17 out of 33 organizations relied on MEFCC to obtain reliable scientific information on REDD+. Followed by WGCF-NRs, CIFOR and EEFRI.  CIFOR controls the flow of scientific information as a broker.  The role of Research and academic Institutes, Non- Governmental organizations is high.
  10. 10. Give Funds network  Measured by “Outdegree” = Number of people funded by me  Main funding source: RNE  Main funding channel: FA & HOA-REN
  11. 11. Disagreements in 2017  Not so many disagreements.. • MEFCC and MoANRs are the most influential actors, and the focus of some disagreements • Can be a useful discussion point for us
  12. 12. Actor Interest and Effort in REDD+ Activities High interests and efforts Low interest and efforts • Forest conservation • Design of national and sub- national level REDD+ strategies • Tenure Rights (land, trees) • Biodiversity conservation • Poverty alleviation • Adaptation to climate change • Community-based forest management • Sustainable logging • REDD+ policy design at the international level • REDD+ Implementation at the site level • Forest governance • Carbon financing/ trading List of REDD+ activities where REDD+ actors in Ethiopia show high vs. low interest and efforts
  13. 13. Actor Interest and Effort in REDD+ Activities Organizations with widest range of interest: - Oromia REDD+, FA, GGGI - MEFCC less interested in Sustainable logging and agricultural land use emission reduction - RNE less interested in Sustainable logging practices - National REDD+ Agricultural land use emission reduction, Sustainable logging and tenure. 76 100 82 84 78 98 89 80 93 78 67 Actors Interest and Effort in REDD+ Activities
  14. 14. Challenges for an effective REDD+ national implementation 1. Lack of knowledge and awareness on REDD+ 2. Lack effective coordination between state agencies, the private sector, and civil society 3. Problem in effectively addressing main drivers of deforestation and clarification of Tenure right
  15. 15. Conclusion  The ball is still in the hands of the government and donors.  Government and donors have high influence and control funding with less private sector involvement  Government and research institutions control information flows  Most influential actors do not have a considerable role in information exchange  REDD+ is not engaging the private sector nor forest communities possibly because it has not shown direct and tangible benefits for them.  Influential gov’tal actors are in disagreement mostly with research and academic institutions.
  16. 16. Thank you

×