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Critical Entry Points for Humidtropics

Presentation given by Dr. Bernard Vanlauwe, Director Central Africa, IITA, at the launch of the East and Central Africa Action Area meeting, 20-23 May 2013, Bukavu, DR Congo.

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Critical Entry Points for Humidtropics

  1. 1. Critical EntryPointsPointscritiquesd’entrée
  2. 2. Critical EntryPointsPointscritiquesd’entréeWhat exactlyarewegoingtodotoimprovelivelihoods?Qu’est-cequ’onvafaireexactement pouraméliorer lebien-être?
  3. 3. RwandaKenyaDRCongoBurundiUgandaEthiopiaECAActionAreaAnActionAreaconsistsof ageographically well-definedarea,cuttingacrossdifferent countries,withselectioncriteriahighlightedintheHumidtropics proposal.ActionArea
  4. 4. ActionSites, R4Dplatforms, andgenericEntryPointsAnActionSiteisageographically definedareawithinanActionAreawherefarmingsystemsandagro-ecological conditions aresimilar.AnActionsitewill haveaR4Dplatformwhichwill constitutetheoperational nucleusof theHumidtropics.WithintheseR4Dplatforms, genericcritical entrypointswill beidentifiedinlinewithsystemneedsandconstrains.DRCongoAS1AS2AS3ActionSite
  5. 5. SRTs
  6. 6. Natureof ‘critical entrypoints’Proposal:1. SRT1(situationanalysis) will definecritical entrypointsbasedonadetailedcharacterizationof theActionAreasandActionSites(whereopportunities will bedefined) andthesewill betranslatedintospecificinterventions, implementedthroughtheR4DPlatformsoperatingat theActionSitelevel2. CEPs shouldaddressproductivity, markets/institutions, and/orNRMissues, dependingonthe‘baseline’ situation3. CEPs shouldbefarmer-typology-specific(withvisibleemphasisongender)
  7. 7. Natureof ‘critical entrypoints’DiscussionsduringtheNovember 2012launchingmeeting:1.All threeSRT2sneededwithinall entrypoints, but onemaylead(important inhypothesistesting); explicit linkstotheIDOsandSLOs2. Global entrypointspreferredfor testingacrossmultiplelocations,but other moresitespecificopportunitieswarrant consideration3. Short termbenefits4. Broadentrypointsasastart withenhancedspecificityastheseareoperationalized(refinedanddynamic)5. Entrypointsproveninoneregionexaminedinothers(AAandASlevels)6. Entrypointsmust bebothadoptable, scalableandenduring(impliessequencingof entriesandoffer near-termbenefits).7. Evolving.8.Analyzeshockresponsivenessandriskanalysis(fromSRT1?)
  8. 8. InterventionsidentifiedinActionAreaProposal PlanningWorkshops(June2012).Genericentry‘themes’
  9. 9. InterventionsidentifiedinActionAreaProposal PlanningWorkshops(June2012).Genericentry‘themes’
  10. 10. For instance, inSud-Kivu: Livestockintensification:Systemproductivity: Meat, milk, fodder legumeintegration, etcNatural ResourceManagement: Manureproduction, livefodderhedges, etcMarkets/institutions: Valuechains, serviceprovision, etcGenericentry‘themes’
  11. 11. FieldSiteswithinActionSitesWithinanActionSite, FieldSiteswill beselectionthat coverexistingrangesinproductivity, NRstatus, andmarket/institutionswithintheActionSite.
  12. 12. FieldSitesandspecificentrypointsWithinFieldSites, thegenericentrypoints, identifiedat theActionSiteR4Dplatformwill betranslatedintospecificentrypoints,relevant for theproductionxmarket xNRMintegrityconditionsof aspecificFieldSite.
  13. 13. SpecificentrypointsFor instance, inSud-Kivu: Livestockintensification:Systemdimension Low HighProductivity status Nichesfor feedproduction, etcResourceuseefficiency, etcNRMstatus Integrationofmultipurposehedges,(erosioncontrol), etcSystemdiversification, etcMarkets/institutionsstatusCollectivemarketing,valueaddition, etcValuechainefficiency,etc
  14. 14. Variabilityinfarmtypologies
  15. 15. Typology-specificentrypointsFor instance, inSud-Kivu: Livestockintensification:
  16. 16. Typology-specificentrypointsFor instance, inSud-Kivu: Livestockintensification:
  17. 17. Animal Enterprise PromotionImproved Feeding Improved Health Community Actions• Maize (reduce striga)• Soybean (BNF/rust control)• Cassava/SP (value adding)• Fodder crops/trees (AFtechnologies)• Poultry health• Cattle health• Vet products• AD training• Local diagnosis• Collective grazing• Confinement• Improved breeds• MarketingNRM benefitsSoil healthReducederosionFuelwoodAgribusinesspromotionMilled feed blendsFood productsImprovednutritionProtein supplyInfant foodsIncomegenerationAnimal valueProductionincreases(manuring)monitored benefitsSRT 3: Policy realm (bypassing the poorest?)SRT 2 Entry pointResearchtopicshypothesis testing

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