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Socioeconomic Correlations to Maternal Stress Research (Complete)

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Socioeconomic Correlations to Maternal Stress Research (Complete)

  1. 1. Identifying Key Correlational Socio-economic Conditions to Post- Partum Maternal Stress Brianna Scott, Devashree Dave Abstract Introduction •Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University(2009). Maternal Depression Can Undermine the Development of Young Children: Working Paper No. 8. <http.//www.developingchild.harvard.edu> •National Scientific Council on the Developing Child (2004). Young Children Develop in an Environment of Relationships: Working Paper No. 1. Retrieved from www.developingchild.harvard.edu Acknowledgements I sincerely thank Dr. Nupur Shah in all of her help In distributing the surveys to our patient population In India and providing us with the results. Current Study Analysis and Significance Graphs Stress(X-axis) – Family Support (Y Axis) Expanding on our Research: Developing This Project Further References Current Study- •Our current data shows that there is a pretty strong inverse relationship between the level of stress in our participants and the amount of family support they received. •We also noticed a linear relationship between maternal stress level •and family income. •We noticed an inverse relationship between the amount of household chores a woman was responsible for and her stress level. •There was also a strong correlation between maternal stress level and the occupation status. We noticed that women who were not working post-partum but had professional degrees, reported low stress levels compared to ones who were working. •Social Significance •Since we observed a strong inverse correlation between the amount of family support, household chores a woman was responsible for and her stress level we would like to encourage mothers to hire help and stay close to family members during early years of their kids. •Political Significance •Since we observed a direct correlation between employment leave and low post-partum stress levels we would like to emphasize the importance of maternity leave and recommend the Swedish model of employment. We would like to continue with this project in the future by expanding our research in the following areas: 1)We would like to carry out a latitudinal survey in the US, Mexico, Spain and Sweden as well in order to pursue a comparative analysis between these countries. 2)We would like to further examine these coexisting conditions of family support, employment leave, family size and a woman’s household responsibilities s to analyze if they are directly impacting maternal stress level. Graphs Stress (X-axis) –Family Income (Y Axis) Stress (X-axis) –Household chores(Y Axis) Stress (X-axis) –Occupational Status(Y Axis) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 0 2 4 6 8 10 FamilySupportLevel Maternal Stress Level Family Support Level Linear (Family Support Level) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 0 2 4 6 8 HouseholdChoreResponsibility Maternal Stress Level Household Chores Linear (Household Chores) $0.00 $5,000.00 $10,000.00 $15,000.00 $20,000.00 $25,000.00 0 2 4 6 8 10 AnnualHouseholdIncome Maternal Stress Level Family Income Linear (Family Income) Research shows that there is a direct correlation between a mother’s mental health and her child’s cognitive, emotional, and behavioral development. This research project served to identify the socioeconomic factors that have a direct correlation to maternal mental health, particularly maternal stress levels. We surveyed 23 participants between the ages of 23 to 51 in Ahmedabad, India to inquire about their post-partum stress level and identified the coexisting socio-economic conditions which could have had an alleviating/increasing impact on their stress level. Our results showed a significant correlation between reduced maternal stress level with increasing family support and family income, and showed an inverse relationship between maternal stress level and the percentage of household chores these mothers were responsible for. Additionally, there was a direct relationship between maternal occupational status and stress. Our results give us a strong foundation from which we wish to expand upon specifically by studying these correlational factors in greater detail; surveying maternal stressors and alleviators in countries such as the US, Sweden, and Mexico for a latitudinal comparison and to increase our patient survey size. Our current study serves to facilitate our ultimate goal of providing supporting evidence regarding the need for extended family support (evidenced by the Indian model) and extended maternity leave (evidenced by the Swedish model) in order to drive positive social and political reform.