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Offline solutions for online learning

Offline solutions such as Poodle to address challenges in online blended learning
Presented at Moodle Moot Virtual Conference (MMVC14) August 2014

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Offline solutions for online learning

  1. 1. Using Off-Line Solutions for Online and Blended Learning Brenda Mallinson
  2. 2. Outline Context & Environment The Problem Possible Solutions Successes & Challenges Reflection & Discussion
  3. 3. PHEA ETI Project Background Vision to “support interventions in universities to make increasingly effective use of educational technology to address some of the underlying educational challenges facing the higher educational sector in Africa” Time span: 2009-2013 One of the Specific PHEA ETI objectives: • Build academic capacity in quality online course design and delivery through use of a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE)
  4. 4. 7 participating sub-Saharan Africa HEIs 26 sub-projects 11 involving online / blended courses University of Ibadan (Nigeria) University of Jos (Nigeria) University of Education Winneba (Ghana) Catholic University of Mozambique (Beira) University of Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) Kenyatta University (Kenya) Makerere University (Uganda)
  5. 5. Context • The first experience of engaging with online teaching & learning for the majority of academics • Phase B (Implementation) planned for: – Initial Sensitisation – Series of Capacity Building Workshops (over 3 years) • Interspersed with – Support for Design & Development of online courses – Quality Improvement Process • Customised for each participating HEI – Environmental Context – Specific Project Purpose
  6. 6. Capacity Building Programme Sensitisation Design & Dev of Effective Online Courses Supporting Course Dev & Internal Reviewing Multimedia Design & Development VLE (Moodle) in Depth Quality Improvement of Online Courses Quality Improvement of Multimedia External Review & Feedback OER Deployment Online Facilitation Moodle Front End Administration External Team Support Internal Team Support Peer Support
  7. 7. Environmental Problems Experienced Course Developers Students • Unreliable internet access and limited bandwidth • Unreliable local power supply • Sustained effort required to become familiar with VLE • Off campus access to internet needed for: * course development / participation * access to course resources Leading to: • Interrupted access to own course/s in the VLE • Preferred online course access for development / participation / engagement taking place mostly on campus (generator & intranet) • Incurring costs for off-campus (home / café) access • Limited time to become familiar with VLE & course resources • Further exclusion from the affordances of online T&L
  8. 8. Possible Solutions • Offline version of virtual learning environment • Enabling access to – Full course with learning pathway – Identical structure and functions – Resources & materials • Online or synchronization for: – Uploading assignments – Communications e.g. forums
  9. 9. Poodle (Portable Moodle) • A version of Moodle that mounts on portable drives e.g., USB sticks, memory cards, HDD's, etc. • Offered at no cost by MAF-LT – http://www.maflt.org/products/poodle • Leave no electronic fingerprint when proper shutdown procedures are followed • Installation and setup guide provided • For Moodle v1.9.3 & v2.1 – v2.3?
  10. 10. Outcomes • VLE Skills development at own pace & in own time • Offline Course development • Training – academic staff and students • Accessing course and resources • Leaves no ‘foot print’ on host device Successes: (Poodle – offline Moodle) • Provide each lecturer with a flash stick for course development • ICT support needed to upload from lecturer flash stick to server • Provide each student with their courses on a flash stick • Producing multiple copies – time consuming Considerations: • Internet access still needed for communication & interaction • Synchronisation not yet available in Poodle (other initiatives may provide this) Challenges
  11. 11. Other Offline VLE possibilities • Course / module comprises: – Static resources (materials / resources) – Dynamic activities (communication, engagement) • Site & Course Management – Authentication, calendar, grades, tracking • Other solutions (more recent) – Stand Alone Moodle (SAM) – USQ – Jolongo – Offline Moodle (Latin America) – Moodle Offline Project (OU UK) – Moodle Offline Framework (Ngom et al – Senegal) – Offline-Capable Moodle (Alexander et al – Sri lanka) – FlashTrack (TESC) (not Moodle based)
  12. 12. Reflection • Who are your stakeholders? • What is the potential impact of online / blended course provision for them? • How can you develop or enhance processes at your institution to address the challenges? User Involvement Executive Management Support Clear Statement of Requirements
  13. 13. Thank You! Questions? Brenda Mallinson brendam@saide.org.za Slideshare - http://www.slideshare.net/brenda6 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
  14. 14. • Alexander, S.N. & Dias, G. (2012) Offline-Capable version of the Moodle e-Learning System. Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka. Available online at http://www.nitc.lk/old/archive2012/images/pdf/10%20Surangi.pdf • CoICT (2011) ‘Poodle Becomes Panacea To Internet Connection’. Issue 02, eLearning Newsletter, CVL, UDSM • Cole, J. and Foster, H. (2008). 2nd Ed, Using Moodle: Teaching with the Popular Open Source Course Management System. O’Reilly Community Press, CA 95472 • Farley, H., Janke, D., Murphy, A. & Fowler, J. (2012) Using Portable Moodle and eReaders to Enhance Learning at a Distance for Incarcerated Offenders. Available online at goo.gl/BclTv5 • Graf, S. and List, B (2005). An Evaluation of Open Source E-Learning platforms Stressing Adaptation Issues, Proceedings of ICALT 2005. Fifth IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, 5-8 July 2005, pp. 163 – 165. • Jolongo – offline Moodle client. Available online at http://www.jolongo.net/ • MAF Learning Technologies (2012) Poodle: A Portable Moodle Solution. Available: http://www.maflt.org/products/poodle • Moodle.org (2013) Offline Moodle. Available online at http://docs.moodle.org/dev/Offline_Moodle • Ngom, B., Giillermet, H and Niang, I (2012) Enhancing Moodle for offline Learning in a degraded connectivity Environment, International Conference on Multimedia Computing and Systems (ICMCS) IEEE Explore Library • Open University UK (2012) Offline Moodle Project Development Centre. Available http://hawk.aos.ecu.edu/mobilemoodle/v0.5/index.html • Sclater, Niall (2008). Enhancing Moodle to meet the needs of 200,000 distance learners. In: Silesian Moodle Moot, 30-31 Oct 2008, Technical University of Ostrava, Celadnzech Republic. • Ssekakubo, G, Suleman, H and Marsden, G. (2011). Issues of Adoption: Have E-Learning Management Systems Fulfilled their Potential in Developing Countries? SAICSIT 2011, October 3–5, 2011, Cape Town, South Africa. • TESC (2012). Thomas Edison State College, About FlashTrack. Available: http://www.tesc.edu/academics/catalog/FlashTrack.cfm • Ward, B and Clark, J (2010). Poodle: Portable Moodle for Offline Delivery of Content. Available: http://www.maflt.org/news/watch-recorded-presentation-about-poodle-maf-lts-solution-using-moodle-