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What architectural style is that?

Architectural styles - making sense of houses and handles

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What architectural style is that?

  1. 1. What style is that? Making sense of architectural styles – houses and handles
  2. 2. Australia’s property landscape contains a rich mix of different architectural styles, having been developed over many centuries, with a diverse range of influences.   To help you gain a better idea, Zanda has put together a list of the ten most common architectural styles, and what key features you should look out for. Also included are pictures of hardware that matches the same style. What style is that? This is Federation/Queen Anne Federation homes borrow from the Queen Anne style, and the design celebrates the Federation of Australia with its lavish timber ornamentation to the external facade.  This architectural style was also designed to embrace the outdoor lifestyles of Australians.
  3. 3. It’s Art Decor Art Deco is essentially an ornamental style with its lavishness in a direct reaction to the austerity of World War I. It is an eclectic form of design which draws on many different architectural styles, most influential of which is Modernism. It has a strong base in geometric shapes and forms and relies heavily on the repetition of these shapes to create surface embellishment and motifs. Stark and contrasting colours are usually used in an interior palette with highlights of chrome and gold. What style is that? Art Deco. There is not a lot of it in Australia. There is some around the harbour in Sydney and the Lower North Shore, and the inner suburbs of Melbourne. Adelaide also has some.
  4. 4. It’s Art Nouveau This design style came about as a reaction to the heaviness and ornamentation of the Victorian era. As a result, a more uncluttered and simpler look was achieved in the interiors but by still making use of swirl patterns and curved lines instead of the rigid conformity of straight lines. What style is that? Villa I, by Otto Wagner in Vienna, Austria, 1886-1888
  5. 5. It’s Gothic This design style dates back to the Middle Ages. Typically this style is heavy and solid looking with greater emphasis on carved surfaces. Pointed arches, tracery, clusters of columns and flying buttresses were all typical of Gothic Architecture. There is a strong influence on the vertical, so as to gain a sense of grandness and proportion in interiors. What style is that? The Uniting Church at Narooma, New South Wales built 1914; Federation Carpenter Gothic architectural style
  6. 6. It’s Georgian Georgian interiors usually display a restrained wealth through expensive furnishings and mouldings. This style is fairly simple and less opulent than Baroque, for example, however it still maintains a wealthy elegance mainly achieved through subtle lighting, detailed wall panelling and mouldings. The use of filigree emblems were seen in fanlights above doors and general accessories in an interior. What style is that? One of the most famous landmarks in Sydney - Fort Denison. The tower was built to defend Sydney against a possible attack by Russian warships, which never eventuated.
  7. 7. It’s Modernism This design style dates back to the Middle Ages. Typically this style is heavy and solid looking with greater emphasis on carved surfaces. Pointed arches, tracery, clusters of columns and flying buttresses were all typical of Gothic Architecture. There is a strong influence on the vertical, so as to gain a sense of grandness and proportion in interiors. What style is that? Modernism. Adelaide Stock Exchange. Photograph courtesy of Mijo Consulting.  
  8. 8. It’s Post Modern This design style came about as a direct reaction to Modernism. It tries to address the starkness and simple forms of its predecessor. It rejects the functional, minimal use of materials and the lack of embellishment represented by Modernism. As a result, Post Modern designs draw on past architectural styles to create a more eclectic aesthetic, often making use of unexpected and combined design materials. What style is that? Post Modern. Vanna Venturi House by Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown, completed in 1964, has been described as the first postmodern building
  9. 9. It’s Contemporary Contemporary style (pictured right) can be defined as the uses and function of line. It is found in architectural details, the use of bold blocks of colour and the simplicity and uncluttered look of furniture. Interiors generally showcase space and not things, and this is achieved in a sophisticated and subtle manner. Focus on texture, colour and shapes enable a contemporary interior to remain sleek and fresh. What style is that? Contemporary – a typical Australian contemporary house.
  10. 10. It’s Victorian A Victorian design style is generally defined by highly embellished and intricately patterned interiors. Rich and warm colours were used to enhance patterns and moldings. Raised and varying textures were often used side by side to create visual interest and depth in an interior. Victorian furniture made use of carved and decorated surfaces and were fairly large in size. What style is that? The Crystal Palace (pictured above) designed by Sir Joseph Paxton was lavish with Victorian innovations - iron-frame construction, sheet glass, and integral heating. Its use of prefabrication and standardisation was a pointer to the future.
  11. 11. It’s Retro Retro design is a term used to describe culturally outdated or aged trends and fashions from the overall post-modern past, which have since made a resurgence within a contemporary context. These designs take their overall inspiration, shapes and colours from the mid- twentieth century when bright and bold furnishings were introduced. Rounded and curved edges and shapes of furniture are often used to achieve a retro look. The picture is an example of the style. What style is that? Retro. kitchen Retro design is a term used to describe culturally outdated or aged trends and fashions from the overall post-modern past, which have since made a resurgence within a contemporary context.
  12. 12. It’s Classical Classical design styles are based on order, symmetry and balance. Classical interior layouts usually make use of a focal point from which symmetrical balance is achieved. These are harmonious interiors which are often anchored in their style by the use of classical ornamental artefacts and motifs which are generally drawn from Roman and Greek influences. What style is that? Classical architecture began with the ancient Greeks, and was developed and elaborated by the Romans. In its purest and most familiar form, it is expressed by the temple, an oblong enclosure fronted or surrounded by columns.
  13. 13. The end of What style is that? We hope you both enjoyed and learned from this presentation! Australian architecture is a fantastic journey – one everybody should travel. You can find our more by visiting www.zanda.com.au and selecting the knowledge base tab. You can even download our 100 page EBook called ‘The Architecture of Door handles – An Australian Perspective’. Other sources http://advice.realestateview.com.au/buying/australian-architecture-styles http://www.houzz.com/ideabooks/1891305/list/find-your-architectural-style https://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/home/know-your-homes-architectural-style/2013/06/25/bb041564-d788-11e2-a016- 92547bf094cc_story.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Architecture_of_Australia www.australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/austn-architecture

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