- BY BHAVESH YOGESHWAR
1ST PHASE BAMS,
GUIDED BY- Dr. B.B. KATARKI,
Classification of guna
Importance of शब्दादी गुण
Importance of गुर्ाादी गुण
Importance of बुद्धि प्रयत्नान्त गुण
Importance of परादी गुण
Dravya are primary or basic while the attributes are secondary (gauna) so they
are called as guna.
Even then guna’s are praised in every sphere of life.
In the chikitsa ,dravyas are used which acts on the body and the mind.
They act through their rasa, guna, virya, vipaka & prabhava.
Among them guna is supreme due to following reasons ,
1.Rasabhibhava – due to defeating of rasa.
-eg. Tikta rasa aggrevates vata but brahat pancamoola being
even bitter in rasa decreases vata due to its ushna guna
- thus the guna’s defeat the action of rasa.
2.Sankhya Bahulyat – Rasa are 6 in number , vipaka-3, virya-2 in number but the
karmanya / sharira guna’s are 20 in number .
-Hence gunas are superior.
3.Being cause in Vipaka – the action of rasa are based on vipaka & guna effect it.
-The superiority or the inferiority of various vipsks & can
be determined on the basis of various properties of drugs.
-it shows vipaka is dependent on guna.
4. Karma Bahulata – Being more in number & even associated with rasa, guna’s do
-Hence they are superior.
5. Vishaya Bahulata – the objects of guna i.e. karya dravya are numerous therefore
gunas are superior
Laghu Laghu, ruksha, tikshna, visada
Guru Sita, snighdha, guru
6. Updesa – in the ayurvedic texts the qualities of drugs are mainly & primarily
-Hence guna’s are superior.
7. Prayoga Bahulya – depending on the attributes dravya are utilised in so many
ways in chikitsa.
-eg. Because of snighdha & Sneha abhyanga is performed.
- the Adrava Bhuta Chikitsa is also given based on attributes.
- Eg. To reduce heavyuness & obesity vyama is suggested
which produces laghutva.
8. Rasa Anugraha – Increasing of rasa & karma is based on guna only.
-eg. Due to shita, snighdha, Madhura & picchila attributes &
laghu vipaka ghrta is supreme in the Madhura rasa drugs.
9. Anumana – The cause isn inferred by action & the qualities of shita & ushna are
the base of the inference of the action of dravya.
• As per Ayurveda गुण are 41 in number.
• साराााः गुर्ाादयो बुद्धिाः प्रयत्नान्तााः परादयाः।
गुणाः प्रोक्ता .......। [च. सु.]
GUNA ALONG WITH THEIR OBJECTS IS SARTH GUNA.
VERY IMPORTANT IN THE EXAMINATION OF HINA, AATI AND MITHYA
YOGA OF पंचज्ञानेद्धिय WHICH CAUSES VYADHI OF ज्ञानेद्धिय.
Sr. No. Guna ज्ञानेन्द्रिय Required Clinical Importance
1 SHABDHA श्रोत्रेद्धिय 1.Hearing normal and abnormal heart, bowel, etc sounds.
2. Shabdha asahishnuta in rasa kshaya.
2 SPARSHA त्वगेद्धिय 1.Palpation of body parts.
2.Assessment of body temp.
3.Swapnam katya in meda kshaya.
3 RUPA चक्षु Assessment by observing colour and complexion of patient.
Eg. Jaundice, anaemia, Prabha hani [ in pitta kshaya]
4 RASA रसनेद्धिय Complaints of bitter taste in mouth[in jwara] by patients
5 GANDHA नासा 1.Foul smell of body in sweda vriddhi.
2.Badbreath in tooth decay or gum disorder.
CALLED AS SHARIR GUNA / KARMANYA GUNA BECAUSE THEY ARE
FOUND IN AAHAR, AUSHADH & DHATUS OF BODY.
THE BALANCE OF THE DOSHA, DHATU, ETC IS MAINTAINED BY
SAMANYA AND VISHESH GUNA YUKTA AAHAR AND VIHAAR.
Eg. - Sr. No. CONDITION GUNA REQUIRED TO
1 JWARA SHITA DRAVRA
2 OILY SKIN RUKSHA DRAVYA
3 DRY SKIN SNIGDHA DRAVYA
4 SHITA RITU USHNA DRAVYA
CHARAKA HAS DESCRIBED ABOUT SADVRITTA IN HIS SUTRASTHANA
AND AACHAR RASAYANA IN HIS CHIKITSASTHANA.
PRACTISING SADVRITTA AND CONSUMPTION OF AACHAR RASAYANA
KEEPS ONE FIT PHYSICALLY AS WELL AS MENTALLY.
THE CAUSES OF DISEASES ACC. TO AYURVEDAARE PRADNYAAPARADHA
AND असात्म्य इद्धियारा संयोग WHICH CAN BE CURED BY SADVRITTA AND
Eg. Sr. no. Condition गुण
1 Shabdha asahishnuta in rasa kshaya द्वेष
2 Ushna kamitva in vata vriddhi इच्छा
3 Shishira preeti in rakta kshaya इच्छा
ASSOCIATED WITH QUALITIES OF TREATMENT SO THEY ARE ALSO K/A
AS PER AYURVEDA THEY ARE GENERAL ATTRIBUTES OF DRUGS USED IN
PROCESSING, PRESCRIPTION, ETC.
WITHOUT THE KNOWLEDGE OF THESE GUNA A PHYSICIAN’S
TREATMENT WILL FAIL.
Sr. no. Guna Clinical Applicability
1 Paratva Gives best choice of desha, virya, vipaka,etc for the success of treatment
2 Aparatva These qualities refers to apradhana dravya for health theyb are apatya
3 Yukti In nidana and baishyajya Kalpana planning is necessary for the success of
4 Sankhya Gives idea of the no. of dushyas’ involved in a vyadhi (eg. Samsarga, sannipata)
5 Samyoga 1.Samyoga of different drugs to cure a vyadhi
2.Sanyog of dosha causing vyadhi
6 Vibhaga Separation of unwanted principle or diseased principles is known
Gives knowledge of differential diagnosis and treatment
8 Parimana Helps in planning the required dosage of a drug based on the parimaan of
9 Samskara Helps to add or remove the desired and undesired quality in a drug
10 Abhyasa Doing something regularly to preserve health or to get cured.
Eg. 1. In pakshaghata regular exercise i.e. physiotherapy is pathya to cure