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THE OPEN SOURCE
LANDSCAPE
Beth Picknally Camden
University of Pennsylvania
February 2016
Photo source: https://www.flickr....
What is Open Source Software?
Open-source software is computer software with
its source code made available with a license...
Open Source ≠ Free
Photo sources: https://www.flickr.com/photos/evilsivan/ ; https://www.flickr.com/photos/rofanator/
Open Source Licenses
• Different categories of licenses:
• Apache
• GNU GPL
• MIT
• Others…
• http://choosealicense.com/
Open Source Communities
• Communities growing around software
• Developer communities
• Coming together to solve problems
...
Roles for non-developers
• Governance
• Analysis
• Specifications
• Scoping
• Testing
• Implementation
• Documentation
• T...
Drawbacks & Costs
• ‘Hidden’ costs: implementation, administration &
support
• Developer-centric
• Learning curve
• Compat...
Benefits & Strengths
• Flexibility,
Customizable
• Quality, Continuous
improvement
• Freedom from vendor
lock-in
• Voice a...
Decision-making
• Rethinking the RFP
• Ask the right questions:
• Your requirements
• Level of support
• Trade-offs
• Role...
More information
• https://opensource.com/
• Free/Open Source Software for
LIBRARIES https://www.foss4lib.org/
• Open Sour...
The Open Source Landscape
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The Open Source Landscape

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Presented at the NISO Virtual Conference: Using Open Source in Your Institution, Wednesday, February 17, 2016
http://www.niso.org/news/events/2016/virtual_conference/feb17_virtualconf/

Veröffentlicht in: Technologie
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The Open Source Landscape

  1. 1. THE OPEN SOURCE LANDSCAPE Beth Picknally Camden University of Pennsylvania February 2016 Photo source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/small_realm/
  2. 2. What is Open Source Software? Open-source software is computer software with its source code made available with a license in which the copyright holder provides the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open-source_software
  3. 3. Open Source ≠ Free Photo sources: https://www.flickr.com/photos/evilsivan/ ; https://www.flickr.com/photos/rofanator/
  4. 4. Open Source Licenses • Different categories of licenses: • Apache • GNU GPL • MIT • Others… • http://choosealicense.com/
  5. 5. Open Source Communities • Communities growing around software • Developer communities • Coming together to solve problems • Forming groups as new needs identified • Communities established to create software • Formal governance structures • Membership fees &/or required contributions
  6. 6. Roles for non-developers • Governance • Analysis • Specifications • Scoping • Testing • Implementation • Documentation • Training • Communications • Participate in community discussions
  7. 7. Drawbacks & Costs • ‘Hidden’ costs: implementation, administration & support • Developer-centric • Learning curve • Compatibility issues • Orphan software • Time
  8. 8. Benefits & Strengths • Flexibility, Customizable • Quality, Continuous improvement • Freedom from vendor lock-in • Voice at the table • Try before you buy • Cost • Support options • Community
  9. 9. Decision-making • Rethinking the RFP • Ask the right questions: • Your requirements • Level of support • Trade-offs • Role of the community • Consider hybrid models • Right sourcing
  10. 10. More information • https://opensource.com/ • Free/Open Source Software for LIBRARIES https://www.foss4lib.org/ • Open Source Initiative https://opensource.org/ • The Cathedral and the Bazaar http://www.catb.org/esr/writings/cathedral- bazaar/cathedral-bazaar/ • Free Software Foundation http://www.fsf.org/

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