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Counseling Theories 1st Trim 2019-20.pptx

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Counseling Theories 1st Trim 2019-20.pptx

  2. 2. FIRST MEETING  Getting to know one  Attendance  Surfacing Expectations: (Program,Subject, Professor/Student)  School Vision and Mission  Program Outcome  Subject Outcome  Syllabus/Topics, Academic Requirements
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Surface expectations (traits & skills) from a counselor Survey who among the students are now practicing as guidance advocate What made them decide to become guidance counselor? (Ask them to write in a piece of paper)
  4. 4. TOPIC 1 : COUNSELOR AS A PERSON AND AS PROFESSIONAL  How do our personal life as a person affects our professional life and vice versa?  How do we manage our personal and professional boundaries?  How do we face the stress associated with being a counselor?
  5. 5.  How do our values and beliefs affect our professidonal life?  How do we balance our life roles?  How do we maintain our vitality?  How about our self-care?
  6. 6.  “There is a considerable research literature that indicates that who the counselor is as a person is the most critical determinant of therapeutic outcomes, and that the quality of the client/counselor relationship is at least as important as the counselor's theory or techniques.  Therefore, the human dimension is what most counts when it comes to counseling that produce results.
  7. 7. PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EFFECTIVE COUNSELOR BELOW ARE TRAITS EXCEPT #8 PLEASE RATE YOURSELF Trait 5 4 3 2 1 1.Being aware of strengths & weaknesses 2. Having a curiosity & openness to learning 3. Interpersonal skills (you can use in counseling) 4. Genuine caring and compassion 5. Showing respect for people who differ from you 6. Taking care of yourself 7. A healthy sense of self-love and pride 8. Think of traits tha you deem most important TOTAL SCORE DIVIDED BY 8 WA
  8. 8. CORE CONDITIONS OF HELPING RELATIONSHIP  1. Emphatic Understanding  2. Respect and Positive Regard  3. Genuiness and Congruence  4. Concreteness  5. Warmth  6. Immediacy  7. Cultural Awareness
  9. 9. SOME CONCERNS AND CHALLENGES FACED BY COUNSELORS Dealing with our own anxieties Being ourselves and disclosing ourselves Avoiding perfectionism Dealing with clients who lack commitment
  10. 10. MORE CONCERNS AND CHALLENGES…  Tolerating ambiguity  Avoiding losing ourselves in our clients  Establishing personal and professional boundaries  Developing a sense of humor  Sharing responsibility with the client  Developing collaborative relationships with clients
  11. 11. Declining to give advice Defining your role as a counselor Developing your own counseling style Staying vital as a person and as a professional
  13. 13. WHAT IS IT TO BE AN ETHICAL PRACTITIONER?  Being an ethical practitioner is not merely a way to avoid a malpractice suit, but it is a route to counseling that makes a life-changing difference.  Ethical practice involves far more than merely knowing and following a professional code of ethics.
  14. 14. ETHICS AND THE PRACTITIONER  Code of Ethics provide general standards, but these are not sufficiently explicit to deal with every situation.  It is often difficult to interpret ethics codes, and opinions differ over how to apply them in specific cases.  In other words, we will encounter many situations that demand the exercise of sound judgment to further the interests of our clients.
  15. 15. ETHICS AND PRACTITIONER...  In dealing with ethical dilemmas, we will rarely find clear-cut answers for complex problems defy simple solutions.  Making ethical decisions involves acquiring tolerance for dealing with gray areas and for coping with ambiguity.  The definition and refinement of ethical concerns is an evolutionary process that requires an open and self-critical attitude.
  16. 16.  It is good for each of us to formulate an ethical decision making mode that we can apply when we deal with an ethical dilemma.  Being willing to consult is a sign of professionalism, and regular consultation with colleagues and supervisor is essential.
  17. 17. II.-B. ETHICAL ISSUES FROM A DIVERSITY PERSPECTIVE  Mental health professionals have been urged to learn about their own culture and to become aware of how their experiences affect the way they work with those who are culturally different.  By being ignorant of the values and attitudes of a diverse range of clients, counselor open themselves to criticism and ineffectiveness.
  18. 18. ETHICAL ISSUES AND DIVERSITY  As practitioner, we need to monitor our positive and negative biases so that they do not impede the formation of counseling relationships. HOW ?  We can increase our cultural awareness by direct contact with a variety of groups, by reading, by consultation and discussion with colleagues and by in-service professional workshops.
  19. 19.  One of the major challenges of mental health professionals is understanding the complex role cultural diversity and similarity play in their work.  We need to consider that all counseling interventions are multicultural.WHY?  Remember that clients bring a great variety of attitudes, values, culturally learned assumptions, biases,beliefs, and behaviors to the therapeutic relationships.
  20. 20.  It is essential therefore, that our practices be ACCURATE, APPROPRIATE, AND MEANINGFUL for the clients with whom we work with.  This entails rethinking our theories and modifying our techniques to meet clients' unique needs and not rigidly applying interventions in the same manner to all clients. This is a good ethical practice. There is no sanctuary for cultural biases.
  21. 21. TOPIC III: Managing Personal and Profesional Boundaries
  22. 22. PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL BOUNDARIES  Professional boundaries are involved in terms of dealing effectively with multiple relationships.  Non-sexual dual and multiple relationships sometimes referred to as nonprofessional relationships came under increased scrutiny in the 1990s but little consensus has been reached with regard to a determination of ethical practice.
  23. 23. E.G. OF NON-SEXUAL MULTIPLE RELATIONSHIPS:  Accepting clients who are family members or friends;  Combining the roles of supervisor and therapist;  Forming business arrangements with therapy clients;  Combining personal counseling with consultation or supervision
  24. 24. LEGAL AND ETHICAL CONSIDERATION  What is Life without boundaries  What are laws for?  What about ethics?  In counseling, how do we protect our clients?  What do you mean by the following:  acceptable standards of performance  accepted code of personal conduct with clients and public
  25. 25. Commitment to contribute to public well-being; commitment which transcends monetary rewards for the counselors What is ethical counseling? What are the ethical standards in Counseling, its source
  26. 26. WHAT IS THE PRINCIPAL RULE SUPPORTING ETHICAL OBLIGATION ?  The counselor must act with full recognition of the importance of client rights, ethics of profession and the relationship of moral standards and value. Therefore, the practitioner  should ensure that the client has given their informed consent when counseling problems arise, e.g. in the case of young children or people who suffer from mental illness.
  27. 27.  Be sure that they have the client's interests at heart and that they do not exceed their competence or fail to maintain that competence.  Consider issues of fairness e.g. in seeing some kinds of clients before others.  Make sure that they do not resort to deception and that they abide by contracts.  ACA & APA are codes that stress adherence to rigorous professional standards basic
  28. 28. AMERICAN COUNSELING ASSOCIATION (ACA) AND AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION (APA)  ACA & APA are codes that stress adherence to rigorous professional standards basically concerned with couselor responsibilities, competence, client relationship and confidentiality.
  29. 29. ETHICAL ISSUES NO. 1- COMPETENCE  The counselor must determine, along with his potential employer, whether or not she or he is qualified by virtue of training and where appropriate, experience for the position as described.  Qualification for licensure or certification displayed in the clinic/office  Degrees, licenses, and certificates -update competence through professional educational opportunities, and reading the professional literature.
  30. 30. ETHICAL ISSUES NO. 2 CONFIDENTIALITY  Confidentiality. This is a form of secrecy and is derived from ethics and it is commonly recognized in law.  It protects the clients from unauthorized disclosures of any sort by the professional without the informed consent of the client.
  31. 31. WHEN DOES A COUNSELOR MAY CHOOSE NOT TO PRESERVE CONFIDENTIALITY?  1. If the clients threatens to harm him/herself or others.  2. If the counselor has split loyalties between the client and the client's employer.
  32. 32. PRINCIPLES OF CONFIDENTIALITY (SCHNEIDERS)  1. The obligation of confidentiality is relative rather than absolute since there are conditions which can alter it.  2. Confidentiality depends on the nature of the material which is already public or can easily become so is not bound by confidentiality in the same way as is the entrusted secret.
  33. 33.  3. Material that is harmless does not bind the counselor to confidentiality.  4. Material that is necessary for a counselor or an agency to function effectively is released from the bonds of confidentiality.  5. Acts of aggression or threats of it are not bound by confidentiality.  6. The rights of the counselor to preserve his own reputation and integrity, to resist harm or aggression
  34. 34.  and to preserve privileged communication do n o t l i m i t c o n f i d e n t i a l i t y a l s o .  7. Confidentiality is determined and limited by the rights of an innocent third party and by t h e r i g h t s o f t h e c o m m u n i t y .
  35. 35. LEVELS OF CONFIDENTIALITY  1. Professinal use of information.  2. Information that arises out of a counseling relationship.  -Clients expect that information will only be used for their welfare. 3. The threat of violence raised during a counseling session. - Counselors can intervene in extreme cases.
  36. 36. ETHICAL ISSUES NO. 3 PRIVILEGED COMMUNICATION  Privileged communication. It is a right granted by law and is usually specified in American state rules of evidence and in the relevant professional licensure.  It is a legal concept and refers to the right of clients not to have their privileged communications used in court without their consent.
  37. 37. ETHICAL ISSUES NO. 4 PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS WITH CLIENTS  In their relationships with clients, the counselor must at all times avoid exploiting the trust of the client. This exploitation might be for financial gain, social status, research data, as well as sexual favors.  Avoid counseling relationships with relatives, close friends, and employers among others.
  38. 38.  Finally, the counselor must at al times be aware of the human rights of clients.  Even the severely mentally ill have legal and ethical rights that the counselor must respect in practice.  - rights to participate in decision making process regarding their treatment  - the use of psychological tests  - participation in research studies
  39. 39. LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR COUNSELORS The law intervenes and overrides professional codes of ethics only when it becomes necessary to protect the public health safety and welfare.

Hinweis der Redaktion

  • Our personal life and professional life are integrally related.
  • Imagine if there is no boundaries, no limits, no laws or standards in society. Laws are made to set limits by way of protecting the rights of others. While ethics tells us what is right and what is wrong in doing. therefore, man is responsible for his actions and if he violates the law he deserves to be punished. Therefore, in counseling, how do we protect our clients?
  • Ethical counseling protects client TRUST Source : ACA and APA American Counseling Association and American Psychological Association
  • Assignment : Each student is to interview a practicing RGC or RPsy regarding the problems met in the Principle of Confidentiality. and how they are able to manage those concerns.
  • If a client waives this privilege, the professional has no ground for witholding the information. thus, the privilege belongs to clients and is meant for their protection, not for the protection of the therapists. (different from countries)