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ANCIENT ORIGINS OF
HALLOWEEN
The term “Halloween” appeared only in
the seventeenth century and is a Scottish
abbreviation the “Allhallow- even” ,
liter...
Halloween’s origins date back to the
ancient Celtic festival of Samhain
The Celts, who lived 2,000 years ago in the area
that is now Ireland, the United Kingdom and
northern France, celebrated t...
This day marked the end of summer and
the harvest and the beginning of the dark,
cold winter, a time of year that was ofte...
On the night of October 31 they celebrated
Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts
of the dead returned to earth.
According to the story,
Stingy Jack invited the Devil
to have a drink with him.
True to his name, Stingy Jack
didn’t want ...
Once the Devil did so, Jack
decided to keep the money
and put it into his pocket next
to a silver cross, which
prevented t...
The next year, Jack again
tricked the Devil into
climbing into a tree to pick a
piece of fruit. While he was
up in the tre...
Soon after, Jack died. As the
legend goes, God would not
allow such an unsavory
figure into heaven. The
Devil, upset by th...
Jack put the coal into a
carved-out turnip and has
been roaming the Earth
with ever since. The Irish
began to refer to thi...
HALLOWEEN
TRADITIONS
The American Halloween
tradition of “trick-or-
treating” probably dates
back to the early All
Souls’ Day parades in
Englan...
During the festivities, poor
citizens would beg for food
and families would give
them pastries called “soul
cakes” in retu...
The distribution of soul
cakes was encouraged by
the church as a way to
replace the ancient
practice of leaving food
and w...
The practice, which
was eventually taken
up by children who
would visit the houses
in their neighborhood.
They receive ale...
DRESSING IN COSTUME
The tradition of dressing in
costume for Halloween has
both European and Celtic
roots.
SUPERSTITION
Black Cat
Today’s Halloween ghosts
are often depicted as more
fearsome and malevolent,
and our customs and
superstitions a...
This idea has its roots in
the Middle Ages, when
many people believed
that witches avoided
detection by turning
themselves...
We don´t try to walk under
ladders for the same reason. This
superstition may have come
from the ancient Egyptians who
bel...
Mirrors & Spilling salt
& Stepping on cracks
Especially around
Halloween, we try to
avoid breaking
mirrors, stepping on
cr...
Symbols
It is an animal symbol
of Halloween. It is the
weaver of destinations.
Among its main
symbols, we can
mention the danger,
...
They are one of the
main symbols of
Halloween and were
the cause of its
celebration
However, the witches
were not part of an evil
and demonic imagery.
Witches were considered
wise women and a great
connecti...
Originally it was
not part of the
symbolic elements
of the festivities of
Halloween
With the emigration of
people of Celtic origin to the
United States, the turnip that
was usually used as a
flashlight in t...
It is part of the imagery
that is related to
witches. Legend has it
that witches turn into
black cats and they also
embody...
It is used for
transportation by
witches, is another very
symbolic element
associated with witches.
It symbolizes the
femi...
It symbolizes the light
of the soul of life. It was
used from the
beginning of the
Halloween celebration
to illuminate the...
It is part of the imaginary
of the celebrations of
Halloween, as the
vampire. Both represent
the world of darkness,
the da...
HALLOWEEN COLORS
Precisely because
the pumpkin is
one of its main
symbols
PUMPKIN COLOR
Symbolizes mystery and
the passage from life to
death
Symbolizes evil. It is the color
of night and adversity.
Furthermore, it is also a
reference to the mystery
Halloween
Halloween
Halloween
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Halloween

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Trabalho de Inglês da turma 2AE, do curso EFA, para a profª. Leonor Borges

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Halloween

  1. 1. ANCIENT ORIGINS OF HALLOWEEN
  2. 2. The term “Halloween” appeared only in the seventeenth century and is a Scottish abbreviation the “Allhallow- even” , literally (eve of all saints)
  3. 3. Halloween’s origins date back to the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain
  4. 4. The Celts, who lived 2,000 years ago in the area that is now Ireland, the United Kingdom and northern France, celebrated their new year on November 1.
  5. 5. This day marked the end of summer and the harvest and the beginning of the dark, cold winter, a time of year that was often associated with human death
  6. 6. On the night of October 31 they celebrated Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to earth.
  7. 7. According to the story, Stingy Jack invited the Devil to have a drink with him. True to his name, Stingy Jack didn’t want to pay for his drink, so he convinced the Devil to turn himself into a coin that Jack could use to buy their drinks Jack & Devil
  8. 8. Once the Devil did so, Jack decided to keep the money and put it into his pocket next to a silver cross, which prevented the Devil from changing back into his original form. Jack eventually freed the Devil, under the condition that he would not bother Jack for one year and that, should Jack die, he would not claim his soul
  9. 9. The next year, Jack again tricked the Devil into climbing into a tree to pick a piece of fruit. While he was up in the tree, Jack carved a sign of the cross into the tree’s bark so that the Devil could not come down until the Devil promised Jack not to bother him for ten more years.
  10. 10. Soon after, Jack died. As the legend goes, God would not allow such an unsavory figure into heaven. The Devil, upset by the trick Jack had played on him and keeping his word not to claim his soul, would not allow Jack into hell. He sent Jack off into the dark night with only a burning coal to light his way.
  11. 11. Jack put the coal into a carved-out turnip and has been roaming the Earth with ever since. The Irish began to refer to this ghostly figure as “Jack of the Lantern,” and then, simply “Jack O’Lantern BEFORE AFTER
  12. 12. HALLOWEEN TRADITIONS
  13. 13. The American Halloween tradition of “trick-or- treating” probably dates back to the early All Souls’ Day parades in England. Trick or treat
  14. 14. During the festivities, poor citizens would beg for food and families would give them pastries called “soul cakes” in return for their promise to pray for the family’s dead relatives
  15. 15. The distribution of soul cakes was encouraged by the church as a way to replace the ancient practice of leaving food and wine for spirits
  16. 16. The practice, which was eventually taken up by children who would visit the houses in their neighborhood. They receive ale, food, and money.
  17. 17. DRESSING IN COSTUME The tradition of dressing in costume for Halloween has both European and Celtic roots.
  18. 18. SUPERSTITION
  19. 19. Black Cat Today’s Halloween ghosts are often depicted as more fearsome and malevolent, and our customs and superstitions are scarier too. We avoid crossing paths with black cats, afraid that they might bring us bad luck.
  20. 20. This idea has its roots in the Middle Ages, when many people believed that witches avoided detection by turning themselves into cats.
  21. 21. We don´t try to walk under ladders for the same reason. This superstition may have come from the ancient Egyptians who believed that triangles were sacred. Also may have something to do with the fact that walking under a leaning ladder tends to be fairly unsafe Ladders
  22. 22. Mirrors & Spilling salt & Stepping on cracks Especially around Halloween, we try to avoid breaking mirrors, stepping on cracks in the road or spilling salt.
  23. 23. Symbols
  24. 24. It is an animal symbol of Halloween. It is the weaver of destinations. Among its main symbols, we can mention the danger, diligence and wisdom
  25. 25. They are one of the main symbols of Halloween and were the cause of its celebration
  26. 26. However, the witches were not part of an evil and demonic imagery. Witches were considered wise women and a great connection with nature
  27. 27. Originally it was not part of the symbolic elements of the festivities of Halloween
  28. 28. With the emigration of people of Celtic origin to the United States, the turnip that was usually used as a flashlight in the Halloween night, it was replaced by pumpkin. That's because this crop was more abundant in the American country.
  29. 29. It is part of the imagery that is related to witches. Legend has it that witches turn into black cats and they also embody the spirits of people already dead
  30. 30. It is used for transportation by witches, is another very symbolic element associated with witches. It symbolizes the feminine power and cleansing of negative thoughts and energies
  31. 31. It symbolizes the light of the soul of life. It was used from the beginning of the Halloween celebration to illuminate the path of the spirits of the dead who came to visit their relatives.
  32. 32. It is part of the imaginary of the celebrations of Halloween, as the vampire. Both represent the world of darkness, the dark, and the night
  33. 33. HALLOWEEN COLORS
  34. 34. Precisely because the pumpkin is one of its main symbols PUMPKIN COLOR
  35. 35. Symbolizes mystery and the passage from life to death
  36. 36. Symbolizes evil. It is the color of night and adversity. Furthermore, it is also a reference to the mystery

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