6. Stage Directions
These are notes
included in plays to
help readers or stage
characters to picture
(setting, lighting, movements, sfx, etc.)
7. Acts and Scenes
An act is a unit of
action in a play while a
scene a unit of action
that takes place in a
single time and place.
8. The family of Dashwood had long been settled in
Sussex. Their estate was large, and their residence
was at Norland Park, in the centre of their property,
where, for many generations, they had lived in so
respectable a manner as to engage the general
good opinion of their surrounding acquaintance.
(Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen)
9. Most of us on the boat were accomplished, and
were sure we would make good wives. We knew
how to cook and sew. We knew how to serve tea
and arrange flowers and sit quietly on our flat wide
feet for hours, saying absolutely nothing of
substance at all.
(The Buddha in the Attic by Julie Otsuka)
10. When I try to analyze my own cravings, motives,
actions and so forth, I surrender to a sort of
retrospective imagination which feeds the analytic
faculty with boundless alternatives and which
causes each visualized route to fork and re-fork
without end in the maddeningly complex prospect
of my past.
(Lolita by Vladimir Nabakov)
11. POVs Dialogs Stage Directions Acts & Scenes
Character(s) Setting Plot Themes
ELEMENTS OF A SHORT STORY AND A PLAY
1 2 3
Touch one object
in the treasure
chest and try to
guess what it is.
Describe the object first,
then try to relate it in
your or someone’s
experiences which has
something to do with
Philippine myths and
In no more than
60 seconds, you
already shared a
story to the class.
15. Myths are specific accounts of gods or
superhuman beings involved in
extraordinary events or circumstances in a
time that is unspecified but which is
understood as existing apart from ordinary
They are usually of unknown origin and at
least partly traditional, that ostensibly relates
actual events and that is especially
associated with religious belief.
17. A legend is a semi-true story, which has been
passed on from person to person and has
important meaning or symbolism for the culture
in which it originates. It usually includes an
element of truth, or is based on historic facts,
but with 'mythical qualities'.
Legends usually involve heroic characters or
fantastic places and often encompass the
spiritual beliefs of the culture in which they
19. Superstition is the belief
in supernatural causality—that one event causes
another without any natural process linking the
two events—such as astrology and certain
aspects linked to religion,
like omens, witchcraft, and prophecies, that
contradict natural science.
It is also commonly applied to beliefs and
practices surrounding luck, prophecy, and
certain spiritual beings, particularly the belief
that future events can be foretold by specific
unrelated prior events.