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ENGLISH 4.pptx

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ENGLISH 4.pptx

  1. 1. ENGLISH 4
  2. 2. 1. Feather is to light as _______ is to heavy. A. paper B. cotton C. rock 2. Mask is to ______ as gloves are to hands. A. face B. toes C. hair 3. Zebra is to stripes as ______ is to spots. A. lion B. giraffe C. monkey B. Find the best way to classify the words in each box. 1. candy, cake, cookies, gelatin A. They taste spicy. B. They taste sweet. C. They taste bitter. 2. rubbing alcohol, hand sanitizer, soap A. They make us clean. B. They make us itchy. C. They make us sad.
  3. 3. Activity A tests your understanding of Analogy. It is important to note the relationship between the given pair before you can fill out the other pair of words. An analogy is a comparison of two things that may have similar or opposite characteristics or features.
  4. 4. Activity B tests your understanding of Word Classification. You looked for SIMILARITIES, right? You analyzed the connections among the given words and you were able to think of something common about them. What you just did is called word classification.
  5. 5. Word classification is a skill of grouping related words together. Words can be classified or grouped, according to ways in which they are similar.
  6. 6. Context clues are hints that the author gives to help the reader define a difficult or unfamiliar word. 1. My family sells root crops like sweet potato and cassava. 2. There are berries, grapes and cranberries, planted in Auntie Lilia’s urban garden. Potato and cassava are examples of root crops while grapes and cranberries are examples of berries. The author made use of Exemplification Clues.
  7. 7. 1. We used to make cupcakes, small cakes baked in a muffin tin. 2. The mural on the left is beautiful but somber. It lacks some color unlike the other murals. Cupcakes are defined as small cakes baked in a muffin tin while somber means lacks some color. Definition Clues are words or phrases that directly define the unfamiliar word in the sentence.
  8. 8. Here is the step-by-step guide on how to use context clues. 1. Read the sentence carefully. 2. Encircle the unfamiliar word in the sentence. 3. Analyze the sentence with unfamiliar word and give its main idea. Look for the key phrases and ideas within the sentence that may be related to the unfamiliar word. Sometimes, key phrases can also be found in the next sentences. 4. Decide if the key phrases give examples or definition to the unfamiliar word. 5. Create your own meaning of the unfamiliar word based on the exemplification or definition clues given.
  9. 9. Underline the word or group of words that shows the meaning of the italicized word in each sentence. 1. My little brother fell from the ladder while playing. This made our parents distressed, worried. 2. Back then, our forefathers used to trade root crops with linen, the white goods or clothing brought by merchants from other islands. 3. My grandfather is a hundred years old. He is already a centenarian
  10. 10. The words or phrases, worried, white goods or clothing and a hundred years old define the underlined words. These made use of Definition Clues.
  11. 11. Direction: Use the list below to identify the meaning of the underlined words. list of books a cinema mango, narra,acacia a pen that has a small metal a piece of paper or ribbon placed ball between both pages 1. I use a bookmark to remember where I stopped reading. 2. My grandfather used to have a biro for writing. 3. We looked for bibliographies in the library. 4. There are plenty of trees in the forest. 5. My aunt is a theater actress.
  12. 12. You must find the words or groups of words in the sentence which tell the meaning of the underlined words. 1. I felt so lonesome, sad and alone, after my friend left. 2. There are mango trees, carabao and Indian, planted near our house. 3. I have completely forgotten, not remembered, my bag in the room. Fill in each blank with the correct phrase in the box. Context clues Exemplification Clues Definition Clues __________ are hints that the author gives to help define a difficult or unfamiliar word. __________are words or phrases that directly define the unfamiliar word in the sentence. Some words can be defined using the examples provided. These are called ___________.
  13. 13. NEXT TOPIC…
  14. 14. Complete the sentences below with the correct nouns in the box. Joel’s rice group pencil 1.Uncle ____ pansit is delicious. 2.We usually work in _____ during activities. 3.I bought a new ______. 4.Papa asked for another cup of ______.
  15. 15. Uncle Joel’s Pansit By: Syrelle France S. Paterter Uncle Joel owns a canteen near the plaza. Our group usually goes there after class to have some snack. Uncle Joel’s pansit is one of the most delicious meals we have in town. Aside from the pansit, his fried rice in a bowl tastes good as well. No wonder why his food is so loved by the crowd.
  16. 16. In Uncle Joel’s Pansit, the nouns used are Joel’s, canteen, plaza, group, pansit, town, rice, meals, bowl, food, snack and crowd.  Joel’s is a Possessive Noun. The noun “Joel” was added by an apostrophe to show possession.  Canteen, bowl, plaza, and town are examples of count nouns. These nouns can be counted.
  17. 17.  Rice, meals, food, snack and pansit are examples of mass nouns. These are nouns that cannot be counted and will need counters to know their quantity.  Group and crowd are examples of collective nouns. These are words that represent a group of people, things, or animals.
  18. 18. Use the underlined nouns in your own sentences. Write them on your notebook. 1.Mang Emong used his axe to cut the firewood. 2.Kuya Juan’s bicycle is broken. 3.The audience cheered for the singer. 4.Mama asked me to put some sugar in her cup.
  19. 19. Fill in each blank with the correct word from the box. Possessive Mass Count Collective We have different kinds of nouns. 1.______________ nouns show who or what owns something. 2.______________ nouns are words for groups of people, animals or things. 3.______________ nouns refer to things that can be easily counted while 4.______________ nouns are those that cannot be counted.
  20. 20. Read the story below and choose the personal pronouns used. Arnel’s father is a fisherman. Sometimes, he helps him catch fish in the sea. One day, while they were fishing in the vast ocean, they came across a pod of dolphins. The sea creatures were happily playing with each other in the water. One of them even swam near their boat and let Arnel touch its head. Arnel was indeed happy with his experience that day. He hopes to see his sea friends again.
  21. 21. 1.What is the story all about? 2.Who are the characters in the story? 3.List down the words that are used to substitute or replace nouns in the story.
  22. 22. Personal pronouns are used to substitute the names of people, places. animals or things.
  23. 23. I, me – first person singular We, us – first person plural You – second person singular They, them – third person plural He, him, she her, it – third person pural
  25. 25. Maria and her family love the sea so much. During vacation, _____go to the beach and have some fun there. Maria’s father prepares some delicious food for them. _____ sometimes grills some barbecues and hotdogs with marshmallows. Maria’s mother most often teaches her how to swim. _____ always lets her ride on her back as _____ swim farther from the shore. It’s always the best part of her summer vacation. he she they
  26. 26. Describe the members of your family.Use personal pronouns.
  27. 27. Common Personal Pronouns include: I, me, he, she, it, him, her, you, we, they, them
  28. 28. Grandfather’s Old Watch Back when we were still young, my sister and I used to go to our grandparents’ house to play with our cousins. I could still remember the two old rusty swings by the garden. Kuya Anton, the eldest among us, used to sway both Alyana and me until his arms got more tired than before.
  29. 29. One day, while we were playing inside the big house, I saw my grandfather looking at his watch. It was quite old, but he seemed to treasure it. “Lolo, your watch is already old. Don’t you want to replace it with a new one?” I used to ask him then. But he just smiled at me and tapped my shoulders using his calloused big hands.
  30. 30. When my grandfather died, we put the watch in his casket and buried it with him. My father said that it was my Lola’s wedding gift to him. That’s when I realized how important that old watch is to my Lolo.
  31. 31. 1. Who owned the old watch? 2. Why is the watch important? 3. What words or series of words are used to describe an object or a person in the story?
  32. 32. The words young, eldest, more tired, and old show the degrees of comparison of adjectives.
  33. 33. The POSITIVE degree is used when we are simply describing a person or thing. Example: The ipil-ipil tree is tall.
  34. 34. The COMPARATIVE degree is used when we are comparing two persons or things. We usually add –er at the end of the adjective or use word like “more” before the adjective. Example: The coconut tree is taller than the ipil-ipil tree.
  35. 35. The SUPERLATIVE degree is used when comparing three or more persons or things. Example: The narra tree is the tallest of the three.
  36. 36. The series of words “two old rusty” and “calloused big” show the order of adjectives in the sentences. the ORDER of ADJECTIVES, we follow this order: Number, Opinion, Size, Age, Shape, Color. Origin, Material, Purpose(NOSASCOMP) We don’t use comma in between adjectives when they belong to different adjective groups. Example: two round brown (number, shape, color)
  37. 37. Use the correct degree of comparison of the adjectives inside the parentheses. 1. Anna is (short) than Maria. 2. Joel is the (strong) among the three boxers. 3. The umbrella is (big).
  38. 38. A. Write the correct degrees of comparison of adjectives below. 1. beautiful 2. smart 3.young 4. small 5. big
  39. 39. The series of words “two old rusty” and “calloused big” show the order of adjectives in the sentences. The ORDER of ADJECTIVES, we follow this order: Number, Opinion, Size, Age, Shape, Color. Origin, Material, Purpose (NOSASCOMP) We don’t use comma in between adjectives when they belong to different adjective groups. Example: two round brown (number, shape, color)
  40. 40. From the list below, arrange the adjectives in order and use them in a sentence. 1.Sweet several green – several sweet green 2.Delicious one yellow- one delicious yellow 3. square blue three- three square blue 4.Heart few red- few heart red 5.Gold four big- four big gold
  41. 41. WORKING TIME When father goes to do his work I like to go along We laugh and talk as we go, Sometimes we sing a song Blackie, my dog, runs away ahead, Then back he jumps and yips: He knows just where to find the goats On the fields or on the hills. We find the pigs and chickens, too, 4 | P a g e
  42. 42. 1.Who are the characters in the poem? 2.Where are the characters in the poem? 3.What do they do? 4.How do they feel when they are working? 5.If you were the child in the poem, would you like to go along with your father? Why?
  43. 43. Study these sentences from the poem above. Identify the verbs used in each sentence. 1.Blackie runs away ahead. 2.He knows where to find the goats. 3.We find the pigs and chickens. 4.I like to go along. 5.Our supper smells so good.
  44. 44. We follow certain rules for Subject-Verb Agreement. ➢Verbs are words which express action, existence or condition. ➢We use the s form of the verb with singular subjects. Examples: • Father goes to work everyday. • The dog runs. • A flower blooms each day.
  45. 45. We use the base form of the verb with plural subjects. Examples: • We go inside to rest. • Trees grow and give us lots of fruits.
  46. 46. Always remember that if actions are done regularly or habitually, the verbs used are in the simple present tense. The following are examples of time expressions used in sentences that show habitual action.  I wake up at 6:00 o’clock in the morning.  My brother drinks milk at night.  We visit Baguio during holidays.  Once a month, I go on a trip.  Myla and Mike see each other twice a year.  Ivan plays basketball every other day.
  47. 47. Choose the simple present tense of verb used in each sentence. 1. The dog barks at strangers. 2. Mang Pedring lives near the sea. 3. They go to beach on weekends. 4. The fish vendors wait for them at the seashore every afternoon. 5. We hike the famous Mt.Tapulao in Zambales 6. He asks the policeman for directions. 7. I ride horses in the summer. 8. I like chocolate. 9. Dawn plays chess in the evenings. 10. The train arrives at 5 o'clock.
  48. 48. Farm Day By: Lovely Mekh E. Garimbao Father goes to te farm every day to plant vegetables. Today, Tim and Tin go with him. Tim plays with the animals in their farm. Horseback riding is one of his favorite activities he enjoys. Eden gathers ears of corn and boils them.
  49. 49. There is a big activity in the farm today. One of the most awaited activities in the farm is the time to harvest the mangoes. Tim and Tin are excited. They help father gather the mangoes and put them in the baskets. It is really fun to go with father to the farm.
  50. 50. 1. Who are the characters in the selection? 2. What is the big activity in the farm? 3. How do Tim and Tin feel when it is time to harvest the mangoes? 4. Would you like to try gathering the harvested mangoes? Why?
  51. 51. Time expressions specify the time, day, month or year when the action happens. They denote that actions are done habitually. The action or state of being may be immediate, in the here and now. Below are some examples of time expressions used in sentences that tell actions in the present.
  52. 52. 1. Everyday father goes to the farm. 2.There is a big activity in the farm today. 3. I always study hard. 4. Ben goes to basketball every Saturday. 5. Mother goes to the market every afternoon.
  53. 53. 6. Twice a year, I and my friends travel out of town. 7. Kate usually eats fruits for breakfast. 8. We play outside after school each day. 9. They visit in the province every month. 10. Cindy often surfs the internet.
  54. 54. Direction: Pick the correct time expressions to complete the sentence. today everyday every every morning every afternoon 1. Ryan and Athena are friends. They play in the park________. 2. I feel wonderful __________. My mother will take me to the movie house. 3. My father reads newspaper ___________. 4. The gumamela plant needs a great amount of water. Elsa and Ana water, it ____________. 5. A growing gumamela needs plenty of nutrients. The sisters put fertilizer _________ month.
  55. 55. Directions: Write Y if the time expressions used in the sentence is in present tense and X if not. _____ 1. Dan walks 2 kilometers every morning. _____ 2. The principal conducts meeting yesterday. _____ 3. Some parents help clean the school yard every afternoon. _____ 4. During Saturdays, the kids play volleyball. _____ 5. Joy enjoys watching the game today.
  56. 56. Verbs that form the past tense by adding –d or –ed to the base form are called regular verbs. 1. One-syllable regular verbs end in consonant with a vowel before it, form their past by doubling the consonant before adding -ed. Examples:  rob - robbed  ship – shipped Rules in Forming Past Tense of Regular Verbs
  57. 57. 2. Regular Verbs that end in e, form their past tense by adding -d. Examples: move - moved race - raced
  58. 58. 3.Regular verbs that end in y with a consonant before it, form their past tense by changing y to i and adding -ed. Examples: cry - cried bury - burried
  59. 59. 4. Regular verbs that end in y with a vowel before it, form their past tense by adding -ed. Examples: play - played stay - stayed
  60. 60. Regular Verbs Rule BASE FORM PAST FORM Rule Number 1 flip flipped skip skipped step stepped rub rubbed Rule Number 2 change changed use used love loved Rule Number 3 hurry hurried carry carried dry dried Rule Number 4 pray prayed replay replayed
  61. 61. Directions: Write the simple past form of the following verbs. Write your answers on your paper. 1. move 2. follow 3. Heal 4. Reply 5. use 6. chop 7. hug 8. satisfy 9. Call 10.carry
  62. 62. Directions: Rewrite each sentence using the past form of the verb in the parenthesis. Write your answer on your paper. 1. They (use) leaves of plants for medicine. 2. After an hour, Jim (stop) jogging to eat breakfast. 3. She (plant) vegetables in her garden. 4. My sister (cook) our food yesterday. 5. We (cry) after watching the movie. 6. Trina (bake) cookies last Saturday. 7. Ivan and his friends (play) basketball. 8. Joel and Annie (hike) Mt. Pinatubo. 9. He (stay) in the beach. 10. Alexa and Belle (invite) their friends in their birthday party
  63. 63. Directions: Read each sentence under column A. Under column B, rewrite the sentence using the past form of the verb. Write your answer on your paper. Column A Column B He carries the basket to the house. He carried the basket to the house.
  69. 69. Notice that when the base form of irregular verb change to its past form some change completely and some change their vowel, however, some words do not change at all. There is no particular rule/s in changing the irregular verbs to its past form. Other irregular verbs fall into three main categories:
  70. 70. Ca te g o ry Exa m p le s Ve rbs whic h do not c ha nge c ut – c ut fit - fit hit – hit Ve rbs whic h cha nge the ir vowe l g e t – g ot sit – sa t d rink – d ra nk Ve rb s whic h c om p le te ly c ha ng e c a tc h – c a ug ht b ring – b roug ht te a c h – ta ug ht b uy - b oug ht
  71. 71. VERB CHART Pre se nt Pa st Pre se nt Pa st a wa ke a wo ke e a t a te b e g in b e g a n fa ll fe ll be nd b e nt fe e d fe d b id ba d e fe e l fe lt b lo w b le w find fo und b re a k broke fight fo ug ht b ring brought fly fle w b uild built forge t forgot b uy bought ge t g o t c a tc h c a ught give ga ve c ome c a m e go we nt d ig d ug grow g re w do did he a r he a rd d ra w dre w hid e hid d rink d runk ho ld he ld
  72. 72. Directions: Choose the correct past form of irregular verbs in the parenthesis. Write your answer on your paper. 1. I (eat, ate) oats and fruits during breakfast. 2. They (was, were) laughing along the seashore. 3. He (do, did) not answer my call. 4. Connie and Shiela (buy, bought) the same pair of shoes. 5. MJ, Ivan and Love (found, find) the resort after an hour. 6. Mother (tell, told) me to drink milk before bedtime. 7. Last time, we (caught, catch) fish in the pond. 8. Febbie and Rachel (are, were) roommates during the seminar last week. 9. It (was, were) yesterday’s night. 10.She (get, got) high grades because she studied so hard
  73. 73. Directions: Use the past form of the underlined irregular verbs and rewrite the paragraph. Write your answer on your paper. I spend my vacation on a farm. I ride on carabaos and climb trees. I swim in rivers and ride in bangka. One day, I wade in a brook when I see a big fish. I quickly run home and get a hook and line. My aunt smile and pat me on the back. “We will see,” she say I run back to brook and sit on a big stone. I put some bait on the hook and throw the line into the water. Then, I watch and wait for the big fish.