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Seeley "Legal issues in “controlled digital lending"

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This presentation was provided by Mark Seely of SciPubLaw, during the NISO event "Blurred Boundaries: Intellectual Property and Networked Sharing of Content," held on May 22, 2019.

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Seeley "Legal issues in “controlled digital lending"

  1. 1. Legal issues in CDL Digital as fair use/first sale? Relevance of Section 108?
  2. 2. Sections 108 & 107 • Curious relationship between fair use and specific library privileges • 108: preservation & ILL • CONTU guidelines “rule of 5” • No substitution for subscription or purchase • 107 as the flexible “wild card” • 4 factors • Revision of 108 probably requires “bipartisanship” ILL Code– ALA/RUSA rev 2016
  3. 3. Section 108 revision • Broad agreement that 108 needs updating • Continued publisher concerns re security/leakage • User concerns re speed/efficiency • Working Group plus roundtables starting 2005 • Publisher pilot projects mid-2010’s (e-books in trade sector) • What happened? • Google cases (Authors Guild/HathiTrust) • Perhaps digital ILL with no “technical restrictions”?
  4. 4. CDL position & white paper • Documents rely on fair use, first sale & risk calculations • 20th Century book problem(s) • Vs. e-book availability, licensing & discovery options • Fair use factors (section 107): • Purpose of use (if scholarly/research) • Nature of work (facts vs fiction) • Amount used • Market effect
  5. 5. CDL risk analysis • Elements that the CDL papers indicate might help in fair use assessment: • Limiting CDL to factual or scientific works (2nd factor) • Owned to loaned standard (4th factor) • DRM protection (4th factor) • Other risk elements • Litigation aversion • Sovereign immunity for public institutions • “Good faith” reliance to reduce damages
  6. 6. Bipartisan alternative • 108 revision best method to reduce legal uncertainty • Discussions, technology & compromise

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