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Progress of the Baltic SCOPE Ecosystem Approach topic June 2016 *

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Progress of the Baltic SCOPE Ecosystem Approach topic June 2016 *

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Progress of the Baltic SCOPE Ecosystem Approach topic at project's partner meeting on 21-22 June 2016 in Szczecin, POLAND

Read more on: www.balticscope.eu

* The information presented is the working exercise on the cross-border maritime spatial planning discussions and can not be treated as the official opinion of the European Commission and the Member States involved in the consortium of the Baltic SCOPE project.

Progress of the Baltic SCOPE Ecosystem Approach topic at project's partner meeting on 21-22 June 2016 in Szczecin, POLAND

Read more on: www.balticscope.eu

* The information presented is the working exercise on the cross-border maritime spatial planning discussions and can not be treated as the official opinion of the European Commission and the Member States involved in the consortium of the Baltic SCOPE project.

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Progress of the Baltic SCOPE Ecosystem Approach topic June 2016 *

  1. 1. The Ecosystem Approach in Maritime Spatial Planning ”One approach - three checklists” Jan Schmidtbauer Crona
  2. 2. In the EU directives MSF directive: “An ecosystem-based approach, whereby human activities affecting the marine environment will be managed in an integrated manner promoting conservation and sustainable use in an equitable way of oceans and seas.” MSP directive: ”The application of an ecosystem- based approach will contribute to promoting the sustainable development and growth of the maritime and coastal economies and the sustainable use of marine and coastal resources.”
  3. 3. Baltic SCOPE project proposal Issues to be considered in the context of these three activities will include • Joint application of the ecosystem approach, and how to support the MSFD and good environmental status in transboundary MSP, • Active cooperation within SEA, including cross- border impact assessment of natural processes and human activities, “Ways to handle and understand the ecosystem based approach” and SEA”
  4. 4. The Ecosystem Approach Definition (CBD) ”The Ecosystem Approach is a strategy for the integrated management of land, water and living resources that promotes conservation and sustainable use in an equitable way.” 12 principles (Malawi principles) – CBD 1998 Both “What” and “How”, goal and method
  5. 5. “What” The Ecosystem Approach is a strategy for the integrated management of land, water and living resources that promotes conservation and sustainable use in an equitable way, with the aim to ensure that human use of ecosystems is kept within the limits of ecosystems’ capacity to regenerate with regard to their structure, dynamics and function.
  6. 6. “How” The application of the Ecosystem Approach entails a holistic systems perspective on marine ecosystem and its interaction with human activities, adoption of the precautionary approach and adaptive management. It demands a continuous development of knowledge on ecosystems and their use, mapping and assessment of ecosystem services and the values they provide as well as horizontal and vertical participation and cooperation between planners, researchers and sea use sectors.
  7. 7. The Ecosystem Approach in MSP is a holistic approach with focus on: • preserving/restoring (structure and functioning of) marine ecosystems; • maintaining ecosystem services to support human needs; • providing spatial solutions for management of human activities in a way that is compatible with achievement of good environmental status and the capacity of marine ecosystems to respond to human-induced changes.
  8. 8. It’s a cake! Not a cookie!
  9. 9. It is considered in the planning process through: Adaptations in planning process through: • Best Knowledge and Practice • Precaution • Alternative development • Identification of ecosystem services • Mitigation • Relational Understanding • Participation and Communication • Subsidiarity and Coherence • Adaptation And integrated assessments Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) which links to Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA)-for projects Socio-economic assessment including identification and evaluation of Ecosystem Services
  10. 10. Keyelementsofthe EcosystemApproach1 − Best Knowledge and Practice: The allocation and development of human uses shall be based on the latest state of knowledge of the ecosystems as such and the practice of safeguarding the components of the marine ecosystem in the best possible way. − Precaution: A far-sighted, anticipatory and preventive planning shall promote sustainable use in marine areas and shall exclude risks and hazards of human activities on the marine ecosystem. Those activities that according to current scientific knowledge may lead to significant or irreversible impacts on the marine ecosystem and whose impacts may not be in total or in parts sufficiently predictable at present require a specific careful survey and weighting of the risks. − Alternative development: Reasonable alternatives shall be developed to find solutions to avoid or reduce negative environmental and other impacts as well as on the ecosystem goods and services. − Identification of ecosystem services: In order to ensure a socioeconomic evaluation of effects and potentials, the ecosystem services provided need to be identified. − Mitigation: The measures envisaged to prevent, reduce and as fully as possible offset any significant adverse effects on the environment of implementing the plan. HELCOM/VASAB Document on the ecosystem-based approach and MSP “Guidelines on the Application of an Ecosystem Approach in Transnationally Coherent MSP” (part of the Regional Baltic Maritime Spatial Planning Roadmap 2013-2020)
  11. 11. Key elements of the Ecosystem Approach 2 − Relational Understanding: It is necessary to consider various effects on the ecosystem caused by human activities and interactions between human activities and the ecosystem, as well as among various human activities. This includes direct/indirect, cumulative, short/long-term, permanent/temporary and positive/negative effects, as well as interrelations including sea-land interaction. − Participation and Communication: All relevant authorities and stakeholders as well as a wider public shall be involved in the process at an early stage. The results shall be communicated. The Integrated Coastal Management (also known as ICZM), as an informal and flexible instrument, can support the process of participation and communication. − Subsidiarity and Coherence: Maritime spatial planning with an ecosystem-based approach as an overarching principle shall be carried out at the most appropriate level and shall seek coherence between the different levels. − Adaptation: The sustainable use of the ecosystem should apply an iterative process including monitoring and reviewing.
  12. 12. Key elements of the Ecosystem Approach 2
  13. 13. 1. Ecosystem Approach in MSP - general checklist 2. Planning support checklists 3. SEA-Checklist
  14. 14. Look at the general checklist •Is it good enough to (after some tweeking) have as a common project output? •Any suggestions? •Can we expand Ecosystem Approach Taskforce with one person from each SWC-partner? Environmental Topic contact person •Can we fill it in for Denmark, Polen and Germany? •Should we discuss the different applications?

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