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Marine Spatial Planning in support of a sustainable ocean based economy at the 2nd Baltic MSP Forum

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Marine Spatial Planning in support of a sustainable ocean based economy at the 2nd Baltic MSP Forum

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Alejandro Iglesias Campos, Programme Specialist at Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO with his speech on Marine Spatial Planning in support of a sustainable ocean based economy at the 2nd Baltic Maritime Spatial Planning Forum in Riga, Latvia on 23 November 2016 (the final conference of the Baltic SCOPE collaboration).

Video and other presentations - www.balticscope.eu
www.vasab.org

Alejandro Iglesias Campos, Programme Specialist at Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO with his speech on Marine Spatial Planning in support of a sustainable ocean based economy at the 2nd Baltic Maritime Spatial Planning Forum in Riga, Latvia on 23 November 2016 (the final conference of the Baltic SCOPE collaboration).

Video and other presentations - www.balticscope.eu
www.vasab.org

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Marine Spatial Planning in support of a sustainable ocean based economy at the 2nd Baltic MSP Forum

  1. 1. Alejandro Iglesias-Campos a.iglesias-campos@unesco.org MSP in support of sustainable ocean based economy Marine Policy and Regional Coordination Section Mорская политика и Pегиональная координация Sección de Política Marítima y de Coordinación Regional Section de Politique Maritime et de la Coordination Régionale
  2. 2. And ….. many marine areas are under increasing development pressures.... Source:Halpern,Benjamin,2008.Science.14February No area of the Ocean is untouched by human activity… 2
  3. 3. 3 Invasive speciesPollution and waste Climate change – temperatures, sea level & hypoxia Ocean Acidification Single stressors
  4. 4. 4 Possible effects of combining different stressors: Amplification Compensation Multiple stressors
  5. 5. 5 From traditional human uses
  6. 6. 1099,9 km2 3.454 km2 Bottom disturbing fishing techniques are prohibited Bottom disturbing fishing techniques are prohibited + testing of new techniques Limited to fisheries with certain fishing gear (no beam trawl ) Bottom disturbing fishing techniques are prohibited + testing of new techniques Fisheries prohibited up to 4,5 NM for vessels over 70 GT © Slide prepared by Dr. Frank Maes University of Gent (BE)
  7. 7. 7 From traditional human uses
  8. 8. The transportation and logistics hub of the Americas Achieving the maximum potential of Panama’s geographical position 144 trade routes 1700 ports 160 countries Panama’s air Hub 74 destinations 30 countries Panama´s maritime hub 8 © Slide prepared by The Panama Canal Authority
  9. 9. 9 © Slide prepared by The Panama Canal Authority
  10. 10. Transits & PC/UMS Tonnage AF 1955 AF 1975 AF 2014AF 1995 FY1914 – FY2014 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 0 5.000 10.000 15.000 20.000 25.000 30.000 35.000 1914 1917 1920 1923 1926 1929 1932 1935 1938 1941 1944 1947 1950 1953 1956 1959 1962 1965 1968 1971 1974 1977 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010 2013 TRANSITS 2015 4,832 9,931 18,940 27,482 FY 1955 FY 1975 FY 2015FY 1995 New Tonnage Record 340.8 Million TonsinMillions 10 © Slide prepared by The Panama Canal Authority
  11. 11. 11 © Gouvernment of Québec (Canada)
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. New energy demanding needs 1
  14. 14. Increasing tourism needs 1
  15. 15. 15 © Slide prepared by Mr. Alain Commarmond Ministry of Environment of Seychelles
  16. 16. 16© Slide prepared by Mr. Alain Commarmond Ministry of Environment of Seychelles
  17. 17. New developing areas
  18. 18. 1
  19. 19. 1 9 High Grade Iron Ore?? •Hard Minerals •Marine Tourism •Key Fisheries •Oil & Gas •Summer Sealift •Exploration/ Science Zinc & Coal Nickel & Copper Credit:LawsonBrigham,UniversityofAlaskaFairbanks
  20. 20. 4.000.000 km2 20
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. “The public process of analyzing and allocating the spatial and temporal distribution of human activities to achieve ecological, economic, and social objectives that are usually specified through a political process.” IOC-UNESCO Ehler & Douvere 2007 “Visions for a Sea Change” Just a reminder 22
  23. 23. Some Areas are More Important than Others The Ocean is not homogeneous 23
  24. 24. Marine Fishery and Aquaculture Marine Mining Offshore oil and gas Ports and shipping industry Marine Tourism Marine Construction and Marine Equipment manufacturing Biotechnology and bioproducts Desalination Marine administration Marine business services Marine research and development ,ocean literacy Renewable energy The ocean is priceless 24
  25. 25. 25 Agenda 2030: 17 objectives to transform our world
  26. 26. 26
  27. 27. Agenda 2030: A policy process 27
  28. 28. Public managers need to provide more 28
  29. 29. 29 The spatial problems 29
  30. 30. KNOWLEDGE INFORMATION DATA 30
  31. 31. Knowledge-based ocean economy SUSTAINABLE OCEAN- BASED ECONOMY Marine Science and Technology Development Governance/ Institutional Framework (EBM,MSP) Investement / Financing Stakeholders Research Monitoring, Control and Surveillance
  32. 32. 33
  33. 33. 34 We are citizens of One Planet and One Ocean

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