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Anda Ruskule
W 2/5 Linking maritime spatial planning
MoEPRD, Latvia
with marine protected areas
#BalticMSP
Introduction to session and key findings from
the Baltic SCOPE project on preconditions for
building coherent MPA network
in the Baltic Sea
(Baltic SCOPE)
Objectives for environment in MSP
Requirements of the sector
– maintenance of resilient marine
ecosystem and services it
provides
– achievement of good
environmental status (GES) of
marine waters;
Approaches for addressing
environment in MSP
– Assessing and improving coherence
MPA network
– Integration of the MSFD objectives in
MSP
– Increasing knowledge and
understanding of interactions between
marine ecosystem and human activities
Application of
ecosystem based
approach
the core spatial measure for:
• protection of marine biodiversity through designating suitable areas of
high nature value;
• maintenance of resilient marine ecosystem
 Contributes to MSFD objective for achievement of GES
MPA network:
Coherence of the MPA network can be assessed by:
• representativeness of habitat and species coverage within the network
• connectivity of the network (concept of Blue corridors):
functional interconnection between the sites,
conditions for spreading of species.
• CBD objective:
 to protect 10 % of every ecoregion by 2010
• HELCOM assessment, 2010:
 12.3% of the Baltic Sea included in Natura 2000 & HELCOM MPA network,
 still the ecological coherence of the network and sufficient management of MPAs is not achieved
• HELCOM recommendation 35/1, 2014
 at least 10% of the marine area in all sub-basins of the Baltic Sea including the EEZ is covered by MPAs where
scientifically justified
 ensure, that the network of HELCOM MPAs is ecologically coherent and takes into account connectivity between sites
including migration routes, species mobility and areas of special ecological significance such as spawning areas
• Scientific recommendations:
 at least 20% of each habitat in a region shall be protected
 30 % of the entire Baltic Sea would have to be protected to ensure ecologically coherence and 20% representations
of each habitat (BALANCE report, 2008)
• Plans for enlargement of the network in the Baltic Scope CBC countries:
 LV, EE: new MPAs to be established in EEZ, but no quantitative target set
 SE: goal to increase MPA network from 6.6% to 10% of all marine areas
Policy objectives for enlargement of the MPA network:
MPA network in the CBC:
existing and potential protected areas
Areas proposed for enlargement of MPA network in
Sweden and Latvia:
Proposed new MPA in Sweden Existing MPA network and investigation areas for new MPA in Latvia
To ensure the coherence of MPA network in the CBC area:
• Mapping of areas of high ecologically value – a need for common
standardised map, based on harmonised data sets
• Assessing representativeness of habitat and species coverage within the
existing MPA network
• Assessing connectivity of the existing MPA and potential areas for designation
of MPAs:
Future needs:
Indicative map on environmental values
Environmental values and MPA network
MSP as an instrument/ supporting tool:
• to improve connectivity of the MPA network by applying the concept of the “blue
corridors”:
 MSP solutions: allocation of the space for different uses of the sea shall respect connectivity functional
interconnections between the sites and conditions for spreading of species
• to identify the potential areas for new MPAs:
 MSP solutions: including potential MPAs as a zoning category – to avoid destruction of the sites by other
uses unlit the new MSP is formally designated
• to assess the impacts from other maritime uses (including cumulative impacts) and to
ensure appropriate management:
 MSP solutions: spatial and temporal regulations, conditions for the uses of the sea
Linking MSP and MPAs:
• The role of MSP in development of a coherent MPA network
• Potentials for pan-Baltic co-operation on building common evidence base for extending of
the MPA network and ensuring environmental interests within MSP
• Co-ordination of the management requirements between MPAs and MSP
Topics for discussion:
Thank you!

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Key findings from the Baltic Scope project on preconditions for building coherent Marine Protected Area network in the Baltic Sea at the 2nd Baltic Maritime Spatial Planning Forum

  • 1. Anda Ruskule W 2/5 Linking maritime spatial planning MoEPRD, Latvia with marine protected areas #BalticMSP Introduction to session and key findings from the Baltic SCOPE project on preconditions for building coherent MPA network in the Baltic Sea (Baltic SCOPE)
  • 2. Objectives for environment in MSP Requirements of the sector – maintenance of resilient marine ecosystem and services it provides – achievement of good environmental status (GES) of marine waters; Approaches for addressing environment in MSP – Assessing and improving coherence MPA network – Integration of the MSFD objectives in MSP – Increasing knowledge and understanding of interactions between marine ecosystem and human activities Application of ecosystem based approach
  • 3. the core spatial measure for: • protection of marine biodiversity through designating suitable areas of high nature value; • maintenance of resilient marine ecosystem  Contributes to MSFD objective for achievement of GES MPA network: Coherence of the MPA network can be assessed by: • representativeness of habitat and species coverage within the network • connectivity of the network (concept of Blue corridors): functional interconnection between the sites, conditions for spreading of species.
  • 4. • CBD objective:  to protect 10 % of every ecoregion by 2010 • HELCOM assessment, 2010:  12.3% of the Baltic Sea included in Natura 2000 & HELCOM MPA network,  still the ecological coherence of the network and sufficient management of MPAs is not achieved • HELCOM recommendation 35/1, 2014  at least 10% of the marine area in all sub-basins of the Baltic Sea including the EEZ is covered by MPAs where scientifically justified  ensure, that the network of HELCOM MPAs is ecologically coherent and takes into account connectivity between sites including migration routes, species mobility and areas of special ecological significance such as spawning areas • Scientific recommendations:  at least 20% of each habitat in a region shall be protected  30 % of the entire Baltic Sea would have to be protected to ensure ecologically coherence and 20% representations of each habitat (BALANCE report, 2008) • Plans for enlargement of the network in the Baltic Scope CBC countries:  LV, EE: new MPAs to be established in EEZ, but no quantitative target set  SE: goal to increase MPA network from 6.6% to 10% of all marine areas Policy objectives for enlargement of the MPA network:
  • 5. MPA network in the CBC: existing and potential protected areas
  • 6. Areas proposed for enlargement of MPA network in Sweden and Latvia: Proposed new MPA in Sweden Existing MPA network and investigation areas for new MPA in Latvia
  • 7. To ensure the coherence of MPA network in the CBC area: • Mapping of areas of high ecologically value – a need for common standardised map, based on harmonised data sets • Assessing representativeness of habitat and species coverage within the existing MPA network • Assessing connectivity of the existing MPA and potential areas for designation of MPAs: Future needs:
  • 8. Indicative map on environmental values
  • 10. MSP as an instrument/ supporting tool: • to improve connectivity of the MPA network by applying the concept of the “blue corridors”:  MSP solutions: allocation of the space for different uses of the sea shall respect connectivity functional interconnections between the sites and conditions for spreading of species • to identify the potential areas for new MPAs:  MSP solutions: including potential MPAs as a zoning category – to avoid destruction of the sites by other uses unlit the new MSP is formally designated • to assess the impacts from other maritime uses (including cumulative impacts) and to ensure appropriate management:  MSP solutions: spatial and temporal regulations, conditions for the uses of the sea Linking MSP and MPAs:
  • 11. • The role of MSP in development of a coherent MPA network • Potentials for pan-Baltic co-operation on building common evidence base for extending of the MPA network and ensuring environmental interests within MSP • Co-ordination of the management requirements between MPAs and MSP Topics for discussion: