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HELCOM work on development of Baltic Marine Protected Area network at the 2nd Baltic Maritime Spatial Planning Forum

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HELCOM work on development of Baltic Marine Protected Area network at the 2nd Baltic Maritime Spatial Planning Forum

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HELCOM work on development of Baltic MPA network by Markku Viitasalo, Research Professor at SYKE, Finland at the workshop 'Linking maritime spatial planning with marine protected areas (Baltic SCOPE)' at the 2nd Baltic Maritime Spatial Planning Forum in Riga, Latvia on 23-24 November 2016 (the final conference of the Baltic SCOPE collaboration).

Video and other presentations - www.balticscope.eu
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HELCOM work on development of Baltic MPA network by Markku Viitasalo, Research Professor at SYKE, Finland at the workshop 'Linking maritime spatial planning with marine protected areas (Baltic SCOPE)' at the 2nd Baltic Maritime Spatial Planning Forum in Riga, Latvia on 23-24 November 2016 (the final conference of the Baltic SCOPE collaboration).

Video and other presentations - www.balticscope.eu
www.vasab.org

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HELCOM work on development of Baltic Marine Protected Area network at the 2nd Baltic Maritime Spatial Planning Forum

  1. 1. Markku Viitasalo1, Jan Ekebom2, Penina Blankett3 & Leena Laamanen4 1 Finnish Environment Institute, 2 Metsähallitus Parks & Wildlife Finland, 3 Ministry of the Environment, 4 HELCOM Secretariat #BalticMSP HELCOM work on development of Baltic MPA network W 2/5 Linking maritime spatial planning with marine protected areas (Baltic SCOPE)
  2. 2. M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016 CBD Aichi Strategic Goal C Target 11 At least 10 per cent of… coastal and marine areas are conserved through 1) effectively managed 2) ecologically representative and 3) well connected systems of protected areas
  3. 3. HELCOM MPAs • 1994: A network of 62 HELCOM Baltic Sea Protected Areas • from 2014 called HELCOM MPAs • Most HELCOM MPAs are Natura 2000 sites • See HELCOM Map Service (maps.helcom.fi)
  4. 4. Development of the HELCOM MPAs since 2004. Percent values above columns describe only marine areas of the network. 0 10 000 20 000 30 000 40 000 50 000 60 000 Area(km2) Terrestrial area of BSPAs Marine area of BSPAs 3.9% 5.5% 7.0% 10.3% 11.7% Parks & Wildlife Finland M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016
  5. 5. HELCOM MPAs Protected sea area: • GER 36% • PL 25% • DK 23% • EE 17% • LV 15% • LT 15% • FI 7% • SE 5% • RU 4% • 174 HELCOM MPAs • Ca. 54 000 km2 • 11.7 % of the Baltic Sea area • 17 % of the TW • 4.6 % of the EEZ
  6. 6. Esben Moland Olsen, Univ. Agder, Norway “There is a strong need of a radical reform of the European Natura 2000 network.” Position paper by the European Marine Board (Olsen et al. 2013) International studies say: MPAs do work, but… “Most MPAs are ‘paper parks’ ” Jameson et al. (2002): The three screen doors: can marine “protected” areas be effective? Mar Poll Bull 44: 1177-1183 “Of the 1306 MPAs studied worldwide, only 31 % were achieving their objectives.” Kelleher et al. (1995) A Global Representative System of Marine Protected Areas. Vol. 1-4, Envir. Dept World Bank. Washington DC USA M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016
  7. 7. Crucial question: Are the MPA networks coherent and well managed? To make the management effective: We need information on the marine biota - and on human pressures • 65 % of the HELCOM MPAs: a management plan in force • 26 %: a management plan in preparation • 9 %: no management plan
  8. 8. M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016 “Lack of data is a major obstacle for the development of an ecologically coherent MPA- network in the Baltic Sea” - HELCOM 2010
  9. 9. How to locate the most valuable habitats? Lagoons EstuariesReefs M. Westerbom Underwater sand banks How to locate important and rare species? Bladderwrack Fucus vesiculosus Eelgrass Zostera marina Blue mussel Mytilus trossulus Hippuris tetraphylla • Within the EU occurs only in Finland M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016
  10. 10. ~17.000 random observation points + 50.000 ”grid points” VELMU plan 2012-2015The Finnish solution: The VELMU Programme M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016
  11. 11. • Bottom topography, geology • Habitats • Algae and water plants • Invertebrates • Fish spawning areas Drop video ROV Benthic sampling Sampling of fish larvae Geological echosounding methods Scuba diving Algal lines Parks & Wildlife Finland Geol. Surv. Fin. / H. Kutvonen Data collection M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016 VELMU Map Portal 120 000+ observation points 1000+ underwater photos
  12. 12. Geographical distribution Markku Viitasalo, SYKE Green: Mytilus found Red: Mytilus not found Blue mussel Mytilus trossulus Lasse Kurvinen, Parks & Wildlife Finland Biodiversity maps Number of algal genera M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016 Water temperature at bottom Eelgrass Zostera marina Models Environment & Species Elina Virtanen, SYKE
  13. 13. M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016 paikkatieto.ymparisto.fi/velmu Google: ”VELMU map portal”
  14. 14. How to integrate marine conservation (and MPA network development) in MSP? M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016 Read: How to take habitats and species into account in MSP?
  15. 15. MSP in practice: Kymmene regional plan Underwater eskers and sandbanks and their indicator pecies Yellow = underwater eskers Underwater sand- banks with 1 or 2 indicator species Underwater sandbanks M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016
  16. 16. Summary graphs Eskers, sandbanks, reefs, bladderwracks and indicator species M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016 MSP in practice: Kymmene regional plan
  17. 17. Summary graphs Where to allow dredging and landfill? M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016 MSP in practice: Kymmene regional plan
  18. 18. Gulf of Bothnia as Resource for Sustainable Growth • Strategic Research Council funding • 8.5 milj. € (2015-2020) • 8 Finnish Institutes • Coordinator Finnish Meteorology Institute, Jari Haapala Toimittajakoulutus ”Itämeri ja Sininen Kasvu” 12.4.2016 M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016 smartsea.fmi.fi
  19. 19. Windpower in use http://paikkatieto.ymparisto.fi/velmu M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016
  20. 20. http://paikkatieto.ymparisto.fi/velmu Windpower under planning M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016
  21. 21. Green and Blue concept http://www.troposplatform.eu/ ”Multi-use of ocean’s space” M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016
  22. 22. • Can wind power and fish farming be combined? • Where should such “Blue Growth Oases” be located ”Multi-use of ocean’s space” - SmartSea VTT / Jaakko Heinonen M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016
  23. 23. M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016 Marine Spatial Planning tool
  24. 24. EU directives & HELCOM: M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016 Harmonize the adjacent MSPs Develop MPA network together Make a Baltic scale prioritization of nature values. Share responsibilities. What to do in practice?
  25. 25. © Visa Hietalahti M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016 A holistic view is necessary
  26. 26. HELCOM HOLAS I Baltic Sea Pressure index Summed intensity of pressures Korpinen et al 2012. Ecological Indicators 15:105-114. Baltic Sea Impact Index Pressure and ecosystem data combined using Impact scores M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016
  27. 27. HELCOM HOLAS II • will bring the integrated assessment to the next level • substantial improvement of data; developing of scientific methods Activities Pressures Ecosystem services and economic consequences Ecosystem components Environmental status (GES) Human activites and pressures (BSPII) Status assessment (Core indicators) ESA ESA Release of first results mid-2017 Updated results and final report mid-2018 M. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016
  28. 28. CONCLUSIONS Mats WesterbomM. Viitasalo et al., 2nd MSP Forum, Riga 24.11.2016 • Development of MPA networks = an integral part of MSP • A holistic, Pan-Baltic approach is necessary in both MSP and MPA network development • Ecosystem-Based and Integrated Management of human activities is a common goal for several policies. MSP is a tool that can help to achieve this.
  29. 29. Thank you for your attention! markku.viitasalo@ymparisto.fi jan.ekebom@metsa.fi penina.blankett@ymparisto.fi leena.laamanen@helcom.fi HOLAS II: lena.bergstrom@helcom.fi

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