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Standards and standardization

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A presentation on the history and background of standards including: Standards & Standardization – What Are Standards?; Before Standardization; The Birth of Standardization; History of BSI; European Committee for Standardization (CEN); International Organization for Standardization (ISO); Types of Standard; The Standardization Process; The Economic Impact of Standardization; The Impact of Using Standards; Testing and Certification; CE and Kitemark®; Standards & Standardization; How to Get Involved; Standards & Standardization -Making a New Work Proposal; Standards Relevant to Digital Inclusion; Standards & Standardization - Further Reading.

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Standards and standardization

  1. 1. Standards and Standardization by Newell Hampson-Jones, Education Sector Representative, BSI Friday 8 April 2011
  2. 2. <ul><li>What are standards? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Before Standardization <ul><li>c. 3000 BC – c. 1500 BC Indus Valley Civilization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First to develop uniform weights and measures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>c. 80–70 BC – c. 15 BC Marcus Vitruvius Pollio </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ The first engineer’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1215 Magna Carta </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clause 35 established consistent measures </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Birth of Standardization <ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>1841 – Sir Joseph Whitworth </li></ul><ul><li>1850 onwards – The birth of the railways </li></ul><ul><li>1895 – Henry Skelton </li></ul><ul><li>1901 – Sir John Wolfe-Barry </li></ul>Image: Tom Curtis / FreeDigitalPhotos.net
  5. 5. History of BSI 1900 2010 1929 Granted Royal Charter 1946 Founder member of ISO 1901 Engineering Standards Committee founded in London 1903 Kitemark introduced First Standards BS 1 published 1931 Renamed BSI 1959 First laboratories opened 1964 Founder Member of CEN & CENELEC
  6. 6. European Committee for Standardization   (CEN) <ul><li>European standards body </li></ul><ul><li>Differences in process </li></ul><ul><li>Adoption by Weighted vote </li></ul>
  7. 7. International Organization for Standardization (ISO) <ul><li>International (global) standards body </li></ul><ul><li>One member, one vote. </li></ul><ul><li>Final Draft International Standard </li></ul>
  8. 8. Types of Standard Low High Control Time Int’l Standards (ISO) European Standards (EN) Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) Private Standards British Standards (BS) Corporate Technical Specifications
  9. 9. The Standardization Process <ul><li>Proposal for new work </li></ul><ul><li>Project acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Drafting </li></ul><ul><li>Public Comment </li></ul><ul><li>Approval </li></ul><ul><li>Publication </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul>
  10. 10. Impact of Standards Sources: DTI/BSI, DIN, SCC/CBC, SA, MPEG Licensing Authority, ISO/TC 96 UK – standards make annual contribution of £2.5bn to economy Germany – economic benefits of standardization represents 1% of GDP Canada – 9% of economic growth attributed to standards, 1981-2004 Australia – Standards in electrical and water industries contribute AUD 1.9bn to economy Global – MPEG-2 digital standard created USD 2.5tr worth of business Global – international crane maintenance standards have saved USD 3bn
  11. 11. How You Can Get Involved <ul><li>Become a Committee member </li></ul><ul><li>Become a Consumer & Public Interest representative </li></ul><ul><li>Join BSI </li></ul><ul><li>Join the British Standards Society </li></ul><ul><li>Become a BSI author </li></ul><ul><li>Standards Development & Standards Proposal websites </li></ul>
  12. 12. http://standardsdevelopment.bsigroup.com
  13. 14. http://standardsproposals.bsigroup.com
  14. 15. How You Can Get Involved <ul><li>Become a Committee member </li></ul><ul><li>Become a Consumer & Public Interest representative </li></ul><ul><li>Join BSI </li></ul><ul><li>Join the British Standards Society </li></ul><ul><li>Become a BSI author </li></ul><ul><li>Standards Development & Standards Proposal websites </li></ul><ul><li>Become a user of standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards and publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-assessment tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British Standards Online (BSOL) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. British Standards Online… British Standards Online
  16. 17. Using Standards FirstGroup reduced energy consumption by 31% (ISO 14001) Amba Research cut information security costs by 33% (ISO/IEC 27001) LG Electronics India estimates reduced energy consumption of 22% (EN 16001) Shree Cement Ltd (SCL) reduced energy use and cost by nearly 2% (EN 16001) MERCEDES GP PETRONAS increased reliability of F1 team using British Standards Online (BSOL) Ennstone reduced employee liability insurance premiums by six-figure sum using Entropy ®
  17. 18. Testing and Certification <ul><li>Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Snapshot in time </li></ul><ul><li>Susceptible to golden sampling </li></ul><ul><li>“ The sample submitted complied with the requirements of EN XXXX” </li></ul><ul><li>Certification </li></ul><ul><li>More than just a test </li></ul><ul><li>More than just a quality control system </li></ul><ul><li>Many certification and testing bodies in the UK </li></ul><ul><li>UKAS ( United Kingdom Accreditation Service ) </li></ul>
  18. 19. CE and the Kitemark ® <ul><li>CE Mark </li></ul><ul><li>CE mark demonstrates conformity to essential requirements of all applicable New Approach Directives </li></ul><ul><li>The CE marking is not a quality mark; </li></ul><ul><li>The CE marking is mandatory in the EU; </li></ul><ul><li>BSI cannot give authority to apply the CE marking; </li></ul><ul><li>It is illegal to use the CE marking on a product that is outside the scope of all the New Approach directives. </li></ul><ul><li>Kitemark </li></ul><ul><li>Is owned exclusively by BSI </li></ul><ul><li>Is issued under Licence </li></ul><ul><li>Is a 3rd party voluntary mark of quality and safety </li></ul><ul><li>The Process </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-Audit visit </li></ul><ul><li>Initial Assessment visit </li></ul><ul><li>Type Testing of new product </li></ul><ul><li>Scheme Manager reviews, ‘Type Test’ results and initial assessment report </li></ul><ul><li>Award of Kitemark </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing assessment visits </li></ul><ul><li>Audit testing </li></ul>
  19. 20. Useful Committees to Follow SS/2 Statistical Interpretation of Data BS 2846 Guide to statistical interpretation of data BS ISO 16269 Statistical interpretation of data
  20. 21. Useful Committees to Follow Area of Interest Committee Key Standard Risk BCM/1 Business continuity management BS 25999 Business Continuity Management RM/1 Risk management BS ISO 31000 Risk Management Business Services SVS/1 Business Services BS 11000 Collaborative business relationships BS EN 16114 Management consultancy services Project Management MS/2 Project management BS 6079 Project Management Sustainability SDS/1 Sustainable development Co-ordination Committee BS 8900 Guidance for managing sustainable development Marketing SVS/3 Market research BS ISO 20252 Market, opinion and social research (and accounting) SVS/12 Brand Valuation Services BS ISO 10668 Brand valuation
  21. 22. Useful Committees to Follow Area of Interest Committee Key Standard Finance IST/12 Financial services BS ISO 13616 Financial services. International bank account number (IBAN) SVS/6 Financial services BS ISO 22222 Personal financial planning. Requirements for personal financial planners BS 8453 Financial services compliance - Framework Tourism Management SVS/2 Tourism services BS EN ISO 18513 Tourism services. Hotels and other types of tourism accommodation. Management SVS/0 Customer service - Fundamental principles BS 8477:2007 Code of practice for customer service QS/1 Quality management and quality assurance procedures BS ISO 9000 series
  22. 23.
  23. 24. Contact Name: Newell Hampson-Jones Title: Education Sector Representative Address: BSI 389 Chiswick High Road London W4 4AL Telephone: 020 8996 7227 / 07767 886 713 Email: [email_address] Links: www.bsigroup.com / www.bsieducation.org