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Forms in architecture

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Forms in architecture

  1. 1. Forms in Architecture
  2. 2. The Floor Plan <ul><ul><li>The basic shape, or outline, of a building’s walls and its interior walls is known as its floor plan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2-dimensional bird’s eye view </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up in a variety of geometric shapes </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Popular Geometric Shapes <ul><ul><li>Circle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Square </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rectangle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triangle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hexagonal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Octagonal </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Rectangular Floor Plans <ul><ul><li>Parallel lines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most practical geometric form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enables designer to use space well </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No wasted space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Least costly </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Square Floor Plans <ul><ul><li>Four sides of equal length </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to construct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps keep costs down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best for small buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not as effective in terms of use of space as rectangle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clusters are groups of objects or areas kept together for a single purpose. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Round Floor Plans <ul><ul><li>Built around a central shared area with wedge-shaped rooms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outside room shave lots of window area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expensive to build </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lots of unusual angles </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Hexagonal and Octagonal Floor Plans <ul><ul><li>6 or 8 sides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar to round plans, but have straight lines on outside walls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unusual angles </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Irregular Floor Plans <ul><ul><li>Do not fit into any single geometric form. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a combination of forms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often used to design homes on special building sites </li></ul></ul>

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