DR. ROOPA M R
FINAL YEAR PG SCHOLAR
DEPARTMENT OF AYURVEDA SAMHITAAND SIDDHANTA
UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF
DR. VASUDEV A CHATE
DEPT OF AYURVEDA SAMHITA AND SIDDHANTA
HOD,& PROF. DEPT OF AYURVEDA
4. CONTENTS OF THIS SEMINAR
Description of Nyaya
1.Kaakadanta pariksha Nyaya 2.Santaana Nyaya
Discussion on Shastriya Nyaya
Conclusion on Shastriya Nyaya
Limitation of this seminar
5. • Sanskrit has a tradition of maxims called Nyaya, they are two types
viz., Loukika Nyaya & Shastriya Nyaya. Shastriya Nyaya are used by
the Vyakhyakaras to clarify the hidden concept for better understanding.
6. 1. Understanding the meaning of the Kakadanta pariksha Nyaya
& Santaana Nyaya
2.Application of these two Nyayas
8. Understanding of Nyaya
•Pada – Kaaka ,Danta & pariksha
•Padartha - Kaaka-Crow Danta-Teeth pariksha-Examination
•Adhikarana- Charaka Samhita Sutrasthana , Deerghanjeeviteeya Adhyaaya
•Artha of Nyaya- it refers to finding the teeth of the crow.
•Analysis-Crow does not have the teeth, but still searching for it means useless job.
9. Actually there is no tooth in a crow .so examining a crow’s teeth is of no
use. This Nyaya is used to denote any useless or fruitless enquiry.
Note- some work is doing but useless (effort is there but no useful result)
10. This Nyaya is quoted by Chakrapani in Sutrasthana 1st Chapter
while explaining the Pratijna -Deerghanjeeviteeyam
•अथातो दीर्घञ्जीवितीयमध्यायं व्याख्यास्यामः||१||
अथातो दीर्घञ्जीवितीयमध्यायं व्याख्यास्याम इतत| यतो तिरभिधेये कचटतपादौ साभिधेये िा तिष्प्रयोजिे
काकदन्तपरीक्षादौ रेक्षाितां रिृवििोपलभ्यते, तेिादािभिधेयरयोजिे अभिधातव्ये
अभिधेयित्त्िरयोजिित्त्ितििाघहाथं चाभिधेयशास्रयोरभिधािाभिधेयलक्षणः सम्बन्धः, रयोजिशास्रयोश्च
रयोजिं च धातसाम्यम ्
11. ABHIDEYA- (Word with complete meaning)
Nirabhideya- just combination of letters without any meaning(कचटतपादौ)
Sabhideya- individually having the meaning but when combine, will not give
proper meaning- (Nakra-takra)
Abhideya With Prayojana- अभिधेयरयोजिे अभिधातव्ये (दीर्घञ्जीवितीय)
•In this Adhyaya , Abhideya and Prayojana is mentioned, one has to get Pravrutti
in studying the Shashtra. If the Prayojana of a Shastra is not mentioned then,
one should not try to find it; if he gets involved in finding the prayojana and
study the shastra, it may be useless as that of Kaakadanta Pariksha,
•Prayojana also generates interest in the reader to study a Shashtra.
Work with definite aim is always desirable.. Ayurveda has a definite
aim of attaining long and healthy life.
If Abhideya and Prayojana are not mentioned in the beginning of a
book , then no person is like to go through that book.
•Here with the help of this Nyaya, chakrapani has highlights the
Abhideya and Prayojana of Charaka Samhita and also uselessness of a
Shastra if Abhidheya and Prayojana are not mentioned.
It can also be considered in the field of research . Initiation of any kind
of research either clinical, literary or any other form should have
definite aim and benefit of a large group of the population. otherwise,
it is just like Kaakadanta Pariksha Nyaya.
19. Understanding of Nyaya
•Padartha - progeny
•Adhikarana- Charaka Samhita Sutrasthana , Arthedashamahamooliya
•Sandharbha- While explaining Shashwatatwa of Ayurveda (cha su 30/27)
•Artha of Nyaya- law of continuity of life.
21. •For proving the Nityatwa of Ayurveda, three reasons are explained by
1.अिाहदत्िात्- (There is no beginning)
It is applied for Ayu & Ayurveda
22. ि हह िािूत् कदाचचदायःसन्ताि इतत सिघदैिायरपरापरसन्तािन्यायेि विद्यते
Once the life came into existence, it continued to exist for ever in one or the other form.
This continuity also leads to the co- existence of Sukha, Dukkha.
Hetu and Lakshana for Sukha, Dukkha are also present (ANAADI) and they are Nitya, so
Ayurveda deals with these and it is also Nitya. It can be proved by Santaana Nyaya .
अिाहद च सखदःखं सद्रव्यहेतलक्षणमपरापरयोगात्|
commentary-सखदःखभमतत आरोग्यं सखं, व्याचधदघःखम ्|
25. Ayu-no beginning (Anadi) –Nitya-Santaana Nyaya
Sukha-Dukkha(Arogya-Vyaydi)-Anadi-Santanayaya- Ayurveda tells about
this so Ayurveda is Nitya
•Pratipadita Vishaya of Ayurveda is Ayu. Ayu is Nitya so Ayurveda is also
Nitya. Untill Ayu is persist, Ayurveda is also persist on this universe. Ayu
is always persist because of Santaana Nyaya.
28. •With the concept of Samanya Visheha Siddanta ,usage of Guru
Laghu Sita Ushna Snigdha Ruksha Gunayukta Dravya in the
treatment, Vriddhi and Kshaya of Dhatu is achieved.
•Guru Dravya will increase the Guru Bhava Vruddi in the Sharira and
decrease The Laghu Bhava in the Sharira. That is Swabhava of
Bhava Padartha and it is Nitya.
•Like this Kaarana Dravyas due to their Swalakshana they are
Nitya.their Gunas are also Nitya.
29. • Natural qualities of a Karya Dravya is also continuous as it can’t be
separated from Dravya
•But in Karya Dravya (Haritaki , Amalaka Etc) the natural qualities of a
Dravya will be destroyed once the Dravya get destroyed. But those same
guna is present in all Sajaatiya Dravya even if that particular Dravya gets
destroyed.(Nityatva of Guna in Padartha(Anitya Dravya) is continuous.-
•ि ह्यायिेदस्यािूत्िोत्पविरुपलभ्यते, अन्यरािबोधोपदेशाभ्याम्; एतद्िै
About the Utpatti of Ayurveda , no where it is mentioned that Ayurveda is created by
particular person , but Ayurveda is remembered(Smrutwa)Avabodhana by Bramha and
given Upadesha to Daksha Prajapati and all.so there is no Adi . Ayurveda is Anaadi
ं चास्य लक्षणमकृ तक
ं , यदक्तभमहाद्येऽध्याये च; यथा- अग्िेरौष्प््यम्, अपां
The shashtra which has the स्िाभाविक
ं लक्षण And अकृ तक
ं - not created by anyone example
Ushnata present in Agni , which is not created by anyone and it is the Swabhava of Angi
like wise Dravatwa present in Jala , that is - स्ििािसंभसद्धलक्षणत्िं
31. •िािस्ििाितित्यत्िमवप चास्य, यथोक्तं- गरुभिरभ्यस्यमािैगघरूणामपचयो
•By using the Guru Baava Padhartha does the Upachaya and Laghu Bhava
Padartha does the Apachaya- That is भािस्िभािननत्यत्ि
33. By applying the Ateetavekshana Tantrayukti
त्ररसूरं शाश्ितं पु्यं बुबुधे यं वपतामिः||२४|| (Cha Su 1/24 )
•Here we get the link for both the shlokas to prove the Shashwatatwa .
•Beauty and intellect of the author in writing the concept.
34. DISCUSSION ON SHASHTRIYA NYAYA.
•Shashtriya Nyayas are meant to be understand the hidden meaning of the
Sutra or the concept, but when student start reading any Shashtra for the
first time ,understanding of the Nyaya itself is very challenging and
so here the question arise
1.Is it necessary to use the Nyaya in the Shashtra ?
Ans- yes, because in the beginning it seems very to difficult to
understand the Nyaya but once we understand the Nyaya completely, it will
help to understanding the similar concept which are mentioned in the various
35. CONCLUSION ON SHASHTRIYA NYAYA
•These are the Nyayas used in the Shashtras by the author to clarify the
concept . (hidden meaning of Sutras .Gist of the context )
•Once we understand the Nyaya properly , it will help in understanding
similar concept just by quoting the Name of that Nyaya
•It also indicates intelligence of the author.
•It is one among Tantra Guna (पष्प्कलाभिधािभमतत सम्यगथघसमपघकिाक्यम ्| उदाहरणिहदतत
दृष्प्टान्तित्) cha vi 8/3.
36. LIMITATIONS OF THIS SEMINAR
Here context is discussed in detail to understand the Nyaya
completely other examples(context in same Samhita) are not analyzed
and discussed .
Application of this Nyaya with other examples are not done