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Introduction To Panchakarma

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Introduction To Panchakarma

  1. 1. Introduction To Panchakarma Sathya N. Dornala Swami Vivekanand Ayurvedic Panchakarma Hospital Dilshad garden, Delhi – 95
  2. 2. Copyright & Disclaimer  All material in this presentation particularly ACRONYMS and other unique thought contents may be copied, reproduced, distributed, republished, displayed, posted or transmitted in any form or by any means with proper citation.
  3. 3. VASTI CHIKITSA KING OF AYURVEDIC THERAPEUTICS SHIRODHARA QUEEN OF AYURVEDIC THERAPEUTICS
  4. 4. Introduction  Panchakarma is a “buzzword” in the field of Ayurveda.  Buzzword - A technical word or phrase that has become fashionable, typically as a slogan.  Panchakarma is a therapeutic regime aims at eliminating toxic elements from the body.  Superspeciality branch of Ayurveda
  5. 5. Therapeutic strategy Trividha chikitsa - Therapeutic triad  Nidana parivarjana (Avoidance of causative factors)  Samshamana (Pacification treatment)  Samsodhana (Radical/Purification therapy) (Ch.Vi.7/30)
  6. 6. Shadupakrama Therapeutic principles - Six fold therapeutics Langhana : Brimhana Rukshana : Snehanam Swedanam : Stambhanam
  7. 7. Panchakarma Therapeutic methodology/technology  Pancha+Karma = (five + regime) Therapeutic Pentad  The word ‘karma’ in panchakarma denotes “bahu iti kartavyata” (Ch.Sa.Su.2/15 Chakrapani) which means multifaceted five therapeutic actions.  Karmasu iti kaushalam (skillful actions)  Science of Metabolic detoxification (vishaharan) & Art of Biopurification (shuddhikaran) and Rejuvenation (kayakalp)
  8. 8. Significance of PK  Motor vehicle service is a series of maintenance procedures carried out at a set time interval or after the vehicle has travelled a certain distance – to extend the life (in terms of Quantity and Quality) of the vehicle.  Panchakarma (Bioservicing) – Removal of cumulated impurities or toxic metabolites, especially from bodily fluids particularly in LSD/CNCD, which are refractory in nature.
  9. 9. Objectives of Panchakarma  To maintain positive health in a healthy individual (Preventive PK)  To obtain extraordinary qualities like Rasayana & Vajikarana (Promotive PK)  To treat/remove the ailments of a diseased person (Curative PK) (Ch.Si 1/53)
  10. 10. Definition of Panchakarma  Pancha+Karma= (five + regime) Therapeutic Pentad  Bio-Cleansing Therapeutic Pentad (BCTP)  Systemic Detoxification  Systemic Biopurification  Def:- It is basically a bio-cleansing regimen, which facilitates the body system for better bio-availability of the pharmacological therapies, besides achieving homeostasis of doshas.
  11. 11. Why do we need Biopurification Major Elimination systems Pancha Pratyangas - SKILL  Skin (Twacha)  Kidneys (Vrikka)  Intestines (Colon) (Antra)  Lungs (Phupphusa)  Liver (Yakrit)
  12. 12. Principles of Panchakarma  Srotoshodhana (Channels/pores cleansing)  Bringing accumulated doshas from shakha to Koshta (GIT) and elimination through nearest route.  Samsarjana karma  Non-Relapse/  Non-Recurrence of the diseases
  13. 13. Application of Panchakarma
  14. 14. Preventive PK VIRECHANA VAMANA VASTI KAPHA PITHA VATHA VASANTHA SARATH VARSHA Uniqueness of Ayurveda
  15. 15. Dosha Chikitsa (Curative PK) Dosha/Tx Shodana Vata Vasti Pitta Virechana Kapha Vamana
  16. 16. General Guidelines Don’t s  Daytime sleep & Curd intake  Driving of vehicles  Walking, standing and travelling for longer duration  Suppression of natural urges  Exercise  Exposure to AC, breezes, sunlight, smoke, dust etc.,  Irregular dietary intake  Sexual Intercourse  Grief, Anger,  Swimming Do’s  Use lukewarm/normal water  Following physicians instructions strictly to avoid complications or to get maximum benefit
  17. 17. General Guidelines Indications  Chronic & Rehabilitative conditions like Paralysis, Multiple sclerosis, Multiple fractures, Psoriasis, Spondylosis, Arthritis, Parkinsonism, Cerebral palsy, Obesity, Infertility etc., Contra-Indications  Menstruation phase  Nursing mother  Complicated pregnancy  Acute/Emergency conditions  Non-co-operative patients  Indigestion  Navajwara  Hungry and thirsty  Consumed alcohol
  18. 18. Administration of Panchakarma  Major/Main Procedures (Classical PK)  Sub procedures (Keraliya PK)  Specialized procedures (Kriyakalp)  Miscellaneous procedures
  19. 19. Major/Main Procedures (Classical Panchakarma) Vamana (Therapeutic emesis) Virechana (Therapeutic purgation) Vasti (Therapeutic enema) Nasya (Therapeutic errhines) Rakta mokshana (Blood letting)
  20. 20. Vamana Therapeutic benefits  Pratishyaya  Kasa  Nava jwara  Skin disease  Indigestion  Urticaria  Obesity  Hridroga etc.,
  21. 21. Virechana Therapeutic benefits  Jeerna jwara  Skin disease, Fistula in ano, Piles  Diseases of spleen  Erysipelas  Udavarta  Burning sensation in the body  Jaundice  Vatarakta (Gout)  Pakshaghat etc.,
  22. 22. Vasti Therapeutic benefits  Niruha vasti  Anuvasana vasti  Matra vasti  Uttara vasti
  23. 23. Nasya (Therapeutic benefits)
  24. 24. Raktamokshana (Therapeutic benefits)
  25. 25. Sub Procedures (Keraliya Panchakarma) Pinda sweda Sarvanga dhara (Pizhichil) Shirodhara Shirobasti Lepam (Shiro/Anna/Ekang)
  26. 26. Keraleeya Panchakarma  The conditions, specially chronic ailments, where one need to administer ‘sukha snehana swedana’ simultaneously form of poorvakarma to transform and bring the doshas from sakha to kosta and then to eliminate them from the body intermittently through various routes by five- fold treatment methods is termed as ‘Keraleeya Panchakarma’
  27. 27. PINDA SWEDA  VALUKA SWEDA  ISHTIKA SWEDA  MRITTIKA SWEDA  SALVANA SWEDA  TUSA PINDA SWEDA  CHURNA SWEDA (Podikizhi)  PATRA POTTALI SWEDA (Elakizhi)  JAMBIRANDA SWEDA (Naranga/Mutta kizhi)  Bala/Vacha Kshira Dhumam (Palpuka)  BHASPA SWEDA  SASTIKA SALI PINDA SWEDA (Njavarakizhi)  MAMSA KIZHI
  28. 28. Before After Spectral wave Picometer Images
  29. 29. SARVANGA DHARA Oil bathing/Oil birthing  Benefits in Neuromuscular and musculoskeletal conditions. This is highly rejuvenative. It gives both shodana and shamana benefits.
  30. 30. SHIRODHARA
  31. 31. Shirodhara & Shivalinga
  32. 32. SHIRODHARA – Passive Meditation  Pouring of warm herbal oil over the forehead.  Rejuvenates the nervous system, releases emotions, opens the subtle channels and unfolds bliss throughout the mind and body.  'You are neither asleep nor hypnotised, but it's like having a deep and penetrating massage on the mind.  Effects Psycho and Cardio Neuro Immunology AYURVEDIC TRANSCRANIAL OIL DRIPPING STIMULATION THERAPY
  33. 33. KINDS OF SHIRODHARA  Taila dhara  Takra dhara  Ksheera dhara  Ghrita dhara  Jala dhara  Stanya dhara Whom it is compulsory  Computer professionals  Lawyers & Doctors  BPO workers  Night shift employees  Frequent flyers  Writers & Thinkers  Teachers & Researchers  Office jobs  Singers etc.,
  34. 34. Therapeutic Benefits  Hypertension  Diabetes  Eye & ENT disorders  Mental disorders  Hair problems  Headaches  Skin diseases  Nervous system disorders etc., Mode of action  The processes of Dhara are having direct links with the brain through neural pathways connecting the HYPOTHALAMUS, which is responsible for the regulation of mood, sleep rhythm, behavioural pattern, temperature regulation, blood pressure and autonomic balance, by stimulating them and producing the desired results.
  35. 35. SHIROBASTI  Dryness of the scalp  Itching on the head  Head-ache/ Migraine  ENT diseases  Burning sensation on the head.  Diseases of the head.  Cracking of the skin of the scalp & hair fall.  Facial paralysis.  Diseases of the eye due to weakness of nerves.  Insomnia & Stress  Dry nose  Cervical spondylosis
  36. 36. LEPAM (Poultice)  A soft, moist mass of material (either hot or cold), typically of plant material or flour, applied to the body to relieve soreness and inflammation.
  37. 37. Specialized procedures (Kriyakalp) – S.A.P.T.A  Seka  Ashchyotana  Putpaka,  Tarpana/ Netra vasti,  Anjana  Pindi/Kavalika  Bidalaka/Vartma lepa
  38. 38. Miscellaneous Procedures Abhyanga Udwartanam Kati basti Greeva basti Janu vasti Hrid vasti Nabhi vasti Gandush Dhoomapan Karnapooran Thalam Pichu
  39. 39. Benefits of Abhyanga  Jarahar-reduces rate of ageing  Sramahar – reduces fatigue  Vatahar – pacifies vata  Drishti prasadak – improves eye sight  Pushtikar – strengthens body  Ayushkar – increses longevity  Swapnakar – induces normal sleep  Twakdardya – skin smooth and strong  Klesha sahatwa – tolerance against disease  Abhigat sahatwa – tolerance against injuries  Kapha vata nirodhak – protects against vk disorders  Mrigavarna bala prada – strength and color to skin
  40. 40. CHURNA ABHYANGAM UDWARTANAM
  41. 41. AYURVEDIC OIL POOLING THERAPIES  Kati vasti  Greeva vasti  Janu vasti  Nabhi vasti  Hrid vasti  Prishta vasti
  42. 42. KATI BASTI
  43. 43. GRIVA BASTI
  44. 44. JANU BASTI
  45. 45. URO/HRID BASTI
  46. 46. NABHI / CHAKRA BASTI
  47. 47. GANDOOSHAM DHOOMAPANAM
  48. 48. KARNA PURANA PICHU THALAPOTHICHIL
  49. 49. JARAJANYA SOSHA/ FRAILTY SYNDROME/ DOWAGER’S HUMP
  50. 50. Panchakarma in Daily Life Abhyanga Siroabhyanga Padabhyanga Udwartana Pratimarsa nasya Anjana Gandusha Dhumapana Karnapoorna
  51. 51. SPAanchakarma  Solus Per Aqua [S P A] - Latin for health or relaxation thru water  Health Club which offering various kinds of health therapies like traditional massages, facial and body cleansing procedures and also advises on how to live healthy like what kind of food and drink diets, various kinds of exercise or aerobics..etc.
  52. 52. Probable mode of action of PK  It eliminates the metabolic wastes & toxins  It cleanses the micro & macro channels -- cell to system  It helps in early repair off tissues and improves nourishment & tissue perfusion  It prevents early ageing and relaxes both body and mind  It increases the bioavailability of the drug and excretion of unwanted substances
  53. 53. Conclusion  PK is the fundamental basis of Ayurvedic therapies. This internal purification therapy give long lasting / everlasting results.  Ayurveda – Being the Science of soil, it suits us most.  Centuries hold Ayurveda is Centuries ahead.

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