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Ayurveda Education - Current Scenario

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Ayurveda Education - Current Scenario

  1. 1. “Ayurveda Education – Current Scenario” Theme Presentation Prof. Y. K. Sharma Dean cum Principal Rajiv Gandhi Govt Post Graduate Ayurvedic College and Hospital Paprola - Himachal Pradesh
  2. 2. Education and training broadly means transmission of acquired and new found knowledge and skills down the ages to newer generation willing to acquire the same. This transmission of knowledge may be through documented knowledge or learnt or practiced skills. Education and Training:
  3. 3. In Post Independence era of the country Government of India resolved to develop AYUSH system as complementary or alternative system to main stream health care system was reflected in the constitution of a regulatory body of Ayurveda Education in Country by the name ‘Central Council of Indian Medicine” by IMCC Act of 1970 adopted by Parliament of India. Resolution of Government:
  4. 4. Central Council of Indian medicines or CCIM has been successful in institutionalization of teaching and training of Ayurveda by developing a uniform syllabus of teaching along with minimum standards of infrastructure, manpower, eligibility for admissions for learning and training and evaluation, etc of the students perusing the ayurveda course. Central Council of Indian Medicines-CCIM:
  5. 5. Today we have about 335 Graduate level Ayurvedic College in State and Private sector with capacity to admit about 21000 Ayurveda Graduates. This is supported by about 135 Colleges of Ayurveda with Post Graduate facility having combined intake capacity of about 4100 students. UG and PG Institutions:
  6. 6. Many Universities have Faculty of Ayurveda in their ordinances for regulating and evaluating AYUSH education at UG and PG level. Further Union and State governments too have done appreciable job in promoting AYUSH System of medicines and education in particular. This is evident from the fact that today the country has an independent Ministry of AYUSH at Union as well as many states of Union. All India Institute of Ayurveda has been established and many States of Union like Gujrat, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Haryana, etc. have established independent AYUSH Universities. Education Governance:
  7. 7. Is every thing fine with Ayurveda Education today? No. in spite of all this today Ayurveda education like other streams of professional educations is plagued by various serious issues. It has still not come out of shadow of modern medicines and the institutional teaching is far from being satisfactory in most of the Colleges at Graduate and Post Graduate level .
  8. 8. 1. Oriental Knowledge: The stigma of its being an oriental knowledge is failing it to get meritorious and talented students and it has not come up to be considered as choice of preference for meritorious students just as Chinese Medicines has achieved. Challenges:
  9. 9. 2. Curriculum of Study: Curriculum of study desires that the students of Ayurveda is educated about the essential contents of ancient as well as modern science. But this duel approach is sometimes self defeating in absence of competent teaching faculty. Language barriers, high content of philosophy and hypothetical contents of study are sometimes considered to deny the scientific bases of the education in Ayurveda. Further overdose of Ayurveda as well as Modern contents in curriculum is exhausting for students
  10. 10. 3. Problem of plenty with poor quality: Number of Ayurveda Teaching Institution is more than actual requirement. Most of Colleges in private sector are started with commercial interest. Poor infrastructure, Non functional hospital and inadequate administration further put question mark our the quality of education and training being imparted in these institutions.
  11. 11. 4. Availability of Textbooks: Available text books of Curriculum are repetitive and are based on comprehension of individual author. There are usually old wine in new bottles. - No Institutional publications of curriculum books are available as standard learning stuff.
  12. 12. 5. Unsubstantiated Research: In spite of research in Ayurveda being conducted at various Ayurvedic and allied Institution the substantiated research based applications are not being taught to students. This has failed to establish learning and practice of Evidence Based Medicines and training for Ayurveda Students.
  13. 13. 6. Poor Examination pattern. -The quality of examinations of students especially to evaluate their clinical competence and practical knowledge need serious review as it is not producing competent ayurveda clinicians. -This is more so post Graduate Institutions' where there is very little emphasis on seriousness of examinations as success is usally guaranteed.
  14. 14. 7. Inadequate Clinical Training to justify Contents of Teaching. The contents of Curriculum especially linked to Clinical exposure and training are not justified as most of the Ayurveda colleges have no facility for Hands on Training of Students of contents taught in theory. 8. Non identification of Impact areas. Ayurveda students are not exposed to high Impact Areas of System. Contents of syllabus relating to non-practice areas take most of the labor of students. Students are thus not prepared for even Primary Health care.
  15. 15. 9. Poor exposure to emergency medicines. Though Emergency in Clinical Practice is part of Ayurvedic Education but most of Institutions of Ayurveda give little exposure to students in handling even routine emergencies. This leads to a very poor reputation of Ayurvedic Health Institution with general Public when its comes to tackling are supporting a patient in Emergency state.
  16. 16. 10. Different Acts of Ayurveda Practices in Different States of Union. Though there is now uniform curriculum of Ayurveda Education under regulations of CCIM through out the Country, still different States of Union have different Acts of Ayurveda practice. These may be Pure Ayurveda or Integration with modern Medicines at different levels. Ayurveda students in Ayurveda Institutions is thus remains confused as to be identified with which stream of system . This is more in States where there is no integration of Ayurveda Practice with Modern medicines but students of these states have to study and pass the modern medicines also.
  17. 17. As a host Institution our initiative for holding a National Level Conference on Ayurveda Education desires that the Experts and delegates provide us with a consensus visions or improving the “Current Scenario” of Ayurveda Education. This shall help us in making suggestive submissions before the regulatory bodies of Ayurveda Education. Final Word:
  18. 18. THANK YOU

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