“Ayurveda Education – Current Scenario”
Prof. Y. K. Sharma
Dean cum Principal
Rajiv Gandhi Govt Post Graduate Ayurvedic College and Hospital
Paprola - Himachal Pradesh
Education and training broadly means transmission of acquired and new
found knowledge and skills down the ages to newer generation willing
to acquire the same.
This transmission of knowledge may be through documented
knowledge or learnt or practiced skills.
Education and Training:
In Post Independence era of the country Government of India
resolved to develop AYUSH system as complementary or alternative
system to main stream health care system was reflected in the
constitution of a regulatory body of Ayurveda Education in Country
by the name ‘Central Council of Indian Medicine” by IMCC Act of
1970 adopted by Parliament of India.
Resolution of Government:
Central Council of Indian medicines or CCIM has been successful in
institutionalization of teaching and training of Ayurveda by developing a
uniform syllabus of teaching along with minimum standards of
infrastructure, manpower, eligibility for admissions for learning and
training and evaluation, etc of the students perusing the ayurveda course.
Central Council of Indian Medicines-CCIM:
Today we have about 335 Graduate level Ayurvedic College in State
and Private sector with capacity to admit about 21000 Ayurveda
This is supported by about 135 Colleges of Ayurveda with Post
Graduate facility having combined intake capacity of about 4100
UG and PG Institutions:
Many Universities have Faculty of Ayurveda in their ordinances for
regulating and evaluating AYUSH education at UG and PG level.
Further Union and State governments too have done appreciable job in
promoting AYUSH System of medicines and education in particular. This
is evident from the fact that today the country has an independent
Ministry of AYUSH at Union as well as many states of Union.
All India Institute of Ayurveda has been established and many States of
Union like Gujrat, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Haryana, etc. have
established independent AYUSH Universities.
Is every thing fine with Ayurveda Education today?
No. in spite of all this today Ayurveda education like other
streams of professional educations is plagued by various
It has still not come out of shadow of modern medicines
and the institutional teaching is far from being satisfactory in
most of the Colleges at Graduate and Post Graduate level .
1. Oriental Knowledge:
The stigma of its being an oriental knowledge is failing it to get
meritorious and talented students and it has not come up to be
considered as choice of preference for meritorious students just as
Chinese Medicines has achieved.
2. Curriculum of Study:
Curriculum of study desires that the students of Ayurveda is educated
about the essential contents of ancient as well as modern science.
But this duel approach is sometimes self defeating in absence of
competent teaching faculty.
Language barriers, high content of philosophy and hypothetical
contents of study are sometimes considered to deny the scientific bases
of the education in Ayurveda.
Further overdose of Ayurveda as well as Modern contents in curriculum
is exhausting for students
3. Problem of plenty with poor quality:
Number of Ayurveda Teaching Institution is more than actual
Most of Colleges in private sector are started with commercial
Poor infrastructure, Non functional hospital and inadequate
administration further put question mark our the quality of
education and training being imparted in these institutions.
4. Availability of Textbooks:
Available text books of Curriculum are repetitive and are based on
comprehension of individual author.
There are usually old wine in new bottles.
- No Institutional publications of curriculum books are available as
standard learning stuff.
5. Unsubstantiated Research:
In spite of research in Ayurveda being conducted at various
Ayurvedic and allied Institution the substantiated research based
applications are not being taught to students.
This has failed to establish learning and practice of Evidence Based
Medicines and training for Ayurveda Students.
6. Poor Examination pattern.
-The quality of examinations of students especially to evaluate
their clinical competence and practical knowledge need serious
review as it is not producing competent ayurveda clinicians.
-This is more so post Graduate Institutions' where there is very
little emphasis on seriousness of examinations as success is
7. Inadequate Clinical Training to justify Contents of Teaching.
The contents of Curriculum especially linked to Clinical exposure
and training are not justified as most of the Ayurveda colleges
have no facility for Hands on Training of Students of contents
taught in theory.
8. Non identification of Impact areas.
Ayurveda students are not exposed to high Impact Areas of
System. Contents of syllabus relating to non-practice areas take
most of the labor of students.
Students are thus not prepared for even Primary Health care.
9. Poor exposure to emergency medicines.
Though Emergency in Clinical Practice is part of Ayurvedic
Education but most of Institutions of Ayurveda give little
exposure to students in handling even routine emergencies.
This leads to a very poor reputation of Ayurvedic Health
Institution with general Public when its comes to tackling are
supporting a patient in Emergency state.
10. Different Acts of Ayurveda Practices in Different States of Union.
Though there is now uniform curriculum of Ayurveda Education under
regulations of CCIM through out the Country, still different States of
Union have different Acts of Ayurveda practice. These may be Pure
Ayurveda or Integration with modern Medicines at different levels.
Ayurveda students in Ayurveda Institutions is thus remains confused
as to be identified with which stream of system . This is more in States
where there is no integration of Ayurveda Practice with Modern
medicines but students of these states have to study and pass the
modern medicines also.
As a host Institution our initiative for holding a National
Level Conference on Ayurveda Education desires that the
Experts and delegates provide us with a consensus visions or
improving the “Current Scenario” of Ayurveda Education.
This shall help us in making suggestive submissions before the
regulatory bodies of Ayurveda Education.
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