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Principles and key responsibilities in RI, RDM, RIAs and their intersection
RIA Research Data Management Workshop
Principles and key responsibilities in RI,
RDM, RIAs and their intersection
Dr Paul Taylor Dr Daniel Barr
Director, RIGS Manager – Integrity, Ethics, Biosafety
RMIT University Deakin University
“Research is the systematic investigation into and study of materials
and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions”
Oxford English Dictionary Online
The research process is made up of non-linear steps and shifts
• Safe and ~100% effective vaccines
• Reduction of precancer within 3 years
• Accumulation of non-linear steps
• A complex equation of research impact
Research always has impact
RHF joins SUEED to
work on Mills Cross
commenced - RHF
joins group - also
works with Hanbury
Dave Skellern joins
Macquarie as Prof of
RP to run
by Dave , Neil
run SP Prog
moves as well
Chris Joins SUEED
Looks for Big Project
to provide PG training
joins SU Physics -
gets US funding
Graham Daniels joins
DNC and Geoff
Poulton move to new
RHF completes PhD -
joins FST project and
academic staff and
Join O'Sullivan joins
RHF Joins RP
with plan for
DNC - Asst Chief
- ex Interscan
return to Australia
Jon Ables Correlator Chip
Warwick Wilson develops
FFT Chip Design
$30 M Cap
A4 Chip for audio
Funding for collab
program with RP
Fleurs Given to
FST as basis for
EE PhD projects
Cyril Murray an
Ian Docherty in
Summit Systems Datamax
completes PhD -
sets up Comms
Lab at SUEED -
and goes to
Program - FFT
CSIRO Div of
- bought out by
Radiata builds up
Neil Weste completes
PhD in Adelaide and goes
to USA to Bell Labs,
Symbolics then TLW
Neil Weste writes now
classic book on
CMOS design with KE
Exicom 38 GHz
A Cosmic Genealogy
and goes to USA
over by Datacraft
joins AT project
Parkes + NASA +
ESA etc, etc
horn - BMT
Wireless Lan Patent -
Deane, Ostry, Daniels
Cat videos on smartphones
Allied Forces WWII radar
Credit: Dr Bob Frater AO FAA FTSE
The impact of research is broad and unpredictable
• Hammond, R. A. The proboscis mechanism of Acanthocephalus ranae.
J. Exp. Biol. 45, 203–213 (1966).
• 22 citations…
and then a 23rd.
Research impact and integrity
• Research always has impact
• The impact of research is predictably unpredictable
• Because of this we must be able to trust research
• The principles of research integrity:
– make research trustworthy
– can make research excellent
– underpin the positive impact of research
– are the norm
The principles of research integrity are
• Honesty, responsibility and accountability in all
aspects of research.
• Professional courtesy and fairness in working with
• Good stewardship of research on behalf of others.
Adapted from the Singapore Statement on Research Integrity
and the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research
The principles of research integrity are translated into
practice by humans (researchers) working in a complex
system of expectations and traditions
• Skills and experience
• Cultural background
• Funding Source
Research integrity / Accepted and responsible research practice
Adherence to regulation
Demonstration of respect for participants, animals, environment
Rigour and objectivity
Research data management
Sharing research data
Publication and communication of research
Citation of the work of others
Acknowledgment of contributions to research
Conflict of interest management
Supervision of research trainees
Research integrity education and training
Accuracy in research proposals
Use of research funds
Dual use of research
Raising concerns about the integrity of research
Excellent Conduct Responsible Conduct
Responsible research data management
• Made, retained, accessible and secured
• Shared openly and promptly, once confidentiality, ownership and priority are
• Communicated honestly and accurately
• Appropriately cited and permission for use or reuse is obtained
• Clear and accurate records that allow verification or replication by others
Research data and records are the ‘gold’ of research
- data in Australian public research is worth at least $1.9b per annum.
Source: Houghton J & Gruen N, Open Research Data Report (2014), http://ands.org.au/resource/cost-benefit.html
Sharing detailed research
data is associated with
increased citation rate
Source: Piwowar HA, Day RS, Fridsma DB (2007) PLoS ONE
2(3): e308. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000308
Data archiving is a good investment
- Investment in data archiving and repositories yields higher return
(resultant publications) per $ spent than spending on grant funding
Source: Piwowar HA et al (2011) Nature
Figure 1. Distribution of 2004–2005 citation
counts of 85 trials by data availability.
Why does it matter?
Research is a human
Sometimes researchers make
depart from accepted practice
and breach the principles of
research integrity deliberately,
recklessly or negligently.
Research integrity /
Research integrity /
“Our finding suggest that US scientists
engage in a range of behaviours extending
far beyond falsification, fabrication or
Martinson, Anderson & de Vries Nature 2005 435:737-738
Research integrity /
Inadequate record keeping
Changing design/methods in
response to a funding source
Dropping data points on gut feeling
Inadequate design, method,
analysis or interpretation
Poor reporting of methods
Poor reporting of results
Not following ethics approval
Same data in two or more publications
Questionable Research Practices
Conflict of interest
Loss or destruction of data
Avoidable failure to follow
Honest mistakes with
research data management
Ferric C. Fang, R. Grant Steen, and Arturo Casadevall. Misconduct accounts for the majority of retracted scientific publications. PNAS 2012;
Research Integrity Advisors
• RIAs provide advice to anyone about the responsible
conduct of research
• RIAs only provide advice
• One of the best things about the Australian Code, and a
requirement of it
• Normally senior researchers however what’s more
important is that an RIA knows how the principles of
research integrity are applied to research practice in their
RIAs and Cultures of Research Integrity
• RIAs clarify expectations by providing advice and
guidance on governance including the Australian Code
• RIAs are a tool for education and training
• The presence and promotion of RIAs to the research
community of an institution sends a message that
research integrity is important
RIAs and Advice about Research Data
Current topics in data and research integrity
• Use of research data management plans for all research
• The security of cloud-based storage
• Open data and understanding ownership, ethics,
confidentiality and priority claims
• Use of reporting standards – discipline-based
• Post-publication peer review and images in biosciences
RIA Research Data Management Workshop
Missing in action…
• A student makes an appointment with you to discuss
some concerns she has about access to data.
• Sarah says that her supervisor, Marie, has left the
university and taken all the data with her.
• Marie is no longer letting Sarah access the data that
Sarah has been using, some of which Sarah collected.
• What advice do you give Sarah?
• Who owns research data?
• Can it move between institutions?
• Is this different in STEM and HASS disciplines (generally
• A post doc, Geoff, from your department has noticed
some strange access records for a shared database that
he and his colleagues work on. He makes an
appointment to meet with you.
• At the meeting, he reveals that the unusual accessions
used hi supervisor’s login details. He also claims that
some of the raw data has been changed, but that none
of this appears on the change log that the research
• It’s his view that the changes make the results of the
research more positive.
• What is your advice to the post doc?
• What other considerations cross your mind at this point?
• Is there any action you might take now?
“Missing in action 2: the missening”
• The pressure is on. A progress review meeting for a
large longitudinal survey is next week. Brent needs to
complete the initial analyses so that the group has
something to present to the Project Board.
• Getting access to the computers at work can be hard.
Brent loads up a USB stick with the raw data. This hasn’t
been de-identified yet, so he includes the key.
• Now that he has bought himself some additional time,
Brent decides he can stop by the hotel on the way home
for a few drinks with the rest of the research group.
• You know what happens next…
• Brent comes to see you for advice the next day…
• What advice do you give to Brent?
• Does anyone else need to be involved in this process?
• What needs to happen next?
• How might this be prevented in the future?
• A student appears in your office doorway…
• “I need to talk to you about authorship”
• Grace has been workng with Brent on the massive
longitudinal survey project. She’s been part of the
recruitment group, and has been involved in a lot of
preliminary analyses and interpretation of data.
• “I’ve done all this work, and made a huge contribution,
but I’m still not an author on any papers from the group. I
don’t know what else I need to do before I start getting
recognition for the work that I’m doing”
• Does Grace have the right idea about data and
• What is your advice to Grace about what she needs to
• Is this the same in all disciplines? If it’s different, what
are some of the key differences between disciplines?