Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.

Panic attack and panic disorder

10.000 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

A presentation about panic attacks and panic disorder. this presentation composed of the definition, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prevention and prognosis of panic disorder.

Veröffentlicht in: Gesundheit & Medizin
  • Thanks for the previous comments. www.HelpWriting.net helped me too
       Antworten 
    Sind Sie sicher, dass Sie …  Ja  Nein
    Ihre Nachricht erscheint hier
  • 1 Weird Trick To Easily Cure Vitiligo For Good In As Little As 7 Days - Guaranteed! More Info.. ✄✄✄ http://tinyurl.com/y4d5dqxj
       Antworten 
    Sind Sie sicher, dass Sie …  Ja  Nein
    Ihre Nachricht erscheint hier
  • A professional Paper writing services can alleviate your stress in writing a successful paper and take the pressure off you to hand it in on time. Check out, please ⇒ www.HelpWriting.net ⇐
       Antworten 
    Sind Sie sicher, dass Sie …  Ja  Nein
    Ihre Nachricht erscheint hier
  • Free Video Reveals 1 Weird Trick To Cure Vitiligo In 45 Days! Click Here: ✄✄✄ http://tinyurl.com/y4p92al9
       Antworten 
    Sind Sie sicher, dass Sie …  Ja  Nein
    Ihre Nachricht erscheint hier
  • 1 Weird Diet Trick Heals Vitiligo Fast ✄✄✄ http://tinyurl.com/y4p92al9
       Antworten 
    Sind Sie sicher, dass Sie …  Ja  Nein
    Ihre Nachricht erscheint hier

Panic attack and panic disorder

  1. 1. Panic disorder Covered by: Arwa H. Al-Onayzan.
  2. 2. • Panic attack: • Is a brief period of extreme distress, anxiety, or fear that begins suddenly and is accompanied by physical and/or emotional symptoms. • Panic disorder: • Is involves spontaneous panic attacks that occur repeatedly, worry about future attacks, and changes in behavior to avoid situations that are associated with an attack.
  3. 3. • Neurochemical dysfunction behind panic disorder: May involve autonomic imbalance, decreased gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), increased adenosine receptor function, increased cortisol, diminished benzodiazepine receptor function, and disturbances in serotonin. • Genetic factor: • Studies of the association between psychiatric illness in first-degree relatives revealed a heredity of approximately 43% for panic disorder. • The exact nature of the panic disorder genetic basis is unclear. • However, some studies shows that Locus 13q22-32 and locus 9q31 are linked.
  4. 4. Cognitive symptoms Somatic symptoms • Fear of dying. • Fear of going crazy or of losing the control. • Feeling of unreality, strangeness or detachment from the self (depersonalization). • Chest pain or discomfort. • Dizziness or fainting. • Feeling of choking. • Flushes or chills. • Nausea or abdominal distress. • Numbness or tingling sensation. • Palpitation or accelerated heart rate. • Sensations of shortness of breath. • Sweating. • Trembling or shaking. • A panic attack involves the sudden onset of at least 4 of the 13 symptoms in the table. • Symptoms usually peak within 10 minute. • Panic attacks may occur in any anxiety distress. • Most people within panic disorder anticipate and worry about another attack (anticipatory anxiety)and avoid the places or situations where they have previously panicked.
  5. 5. • A doctor's evaluation, based on specific criteria • Because serious physical disorders often cause some of the same physical and emotional symptoms as panic attacks, doctors first make sure people do not have a physical disorder. • Panic disorder is diagnosed when people have repeated unprovoked and unexpected panic attacks plus at least one of the following for at least 1 month: • Persistent worry that they will have more panic attacks or worry about the consequences of the attack (for example, that they will lose control or go crazy) • Changes in behavior due to the panic attacks (for example, avoiding situations that may cause an attack) • Once doctors are confident that a person's symptoms are caused by a panic disorder, they try to avoid doing extensive tests when future panic attacks occur unless the person's symptoms or physical examination results suggest a new problem.
  6. 6. • Drugs that are used to treat panic disorder include: 1. Antidepressants (SSRIs or SNRIs are the preferred drugs because they are as effective as the other drugs but usually have fewer side effects) 2. Antianxiety drugs such as benzodiazepines (Benzodiazepines work faster than antidepressants but can cause drug dependence). • Initially, will start of benzodiazepine and antidepressant. When the antidepressant starts working, the dose of benzodiazepine is decreased. • Exposure therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy are types of psychotherapy, often helps diminish the fear.
  7. 7. • Panic disorder is a chronic disorder with a variable course. • Appropriate pharmacologic therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy, are effective in more than 85% of cases. • About 10-20% of patients continue to have significant symptoms. • Overall, the long-term prognosis is usually good. • The suicide rate in individuals with panic disorder is also many times higher than the general population.
  8. 8. • These recommendations may help: • Get treatment for panic attacks as soon as possible to help stop them from getting worse or becoming more frequent. • Stick with treatment plan to help prevent relapses or worsening of panic attack symptoms. • Get regular physical activity, which may play a role in protecting against anxiety.
  9. 9. • Merk manual (nineteenth edition, page 1496-1497). • Medscape: • http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/287913-overview#a4.

×