12. ACTION VERBS
• Action verbs are words that express action
(give, eat, walk, etc.) or possession (have,
• Action verbs can be either transitive or
13. TRANSITIVE VERB
• Transitive verbs are action verbs that have an
object to receive that action.
• I baked some cookies.
• I rode the bicycle.
• I moved the chair.
14. INTRANSITIVE VERB
• Intransitive verbs are action verbs but unlike
transitive verbs, they do not have an object
receiving the action.
• I laughed.
• I cried.
• The book fell.
• The horse galloped.
• The sun set.
15. • I walked to the park today.
• Is walked transitive or intransitive? Think
about the rules. Since walked has words
coming after it, the verb must be transitive,
right? WRONG! The phrase to the park is a
prepositional phrase and today is an adverb.
There is no object receiving the action of the
verb walked so the verb is intransitive.
17. REGULAR VERBS
• Regular verbs are those whose past tense and
past participles are formed by adding a -d or
an -ed to the end of the verb.
BASE PAST TENSE PAST PARTICIPLE
roll rolled rolled
plan planned planned
look looked looked
19. IRREGULAR VERBS
• Those verbs in which there is not the addition
of –d and –ed
BASE PAST TENSE PAST PARTICIPLE
break broke broken
run ran run
come came come
swim swam swum
fly flew flown
buy bought bought
22. COMPOUND VERBS
• Every subject in a sentence must have at least
one verb. But that doesn't mean that a subject
can have only one verb. Some subjects are
greedy as far as verbs go. A greedy subject can
have two, three, four, or more verbs all to
itself. When a subject has two or more verbs,
you can say that the subject has a compound
23. COMPOUND VERBS
• A compound verb is when a subject has two
or more verbs that are joined together by a
• The stress is on the second or on the last part.
Before mixing the ingredients for his world-
famous cookies, Bobby swatted a fly buzzing
around the kitchen and crushed a cockroach
scurrying across the floor.
Bobby = subject; swatted, crushed = compound
• Matilda loves bread but detest butter.
• Sarah baked cookies and ate them up.
• Dogs love to eat bones and love drinking
29. HELPING VERBS
• Help the main verb express action or state of
a) we have eaten
Have is helping verb and eaten is main verb.
They are used together to express the action.
30. They are working.
• ARE is helping verb and WORKING is a main
verb. They are used together to express the
31. HELPING VERBS
• Helping verbs have no meaning on their own.
They are necessary for the grammatical
structure of a sentence, but they do not tell us
very much alone. We usually use helping verbs
with main verbs. They "help" the main verb
(which has the real meaning).
32. • There are only about 15 helping verbs in English,
and we divide them into two basic groups:
• Primary helping verbs (3 verbs). These are the
verbs be, do, and have. Note that we can use
these three verbs as helping verbs or as main
• Be (am ,is ,are ,was ,were, be ,been, being)
• Have (have, has, had)
• Do (do, does, did)
33. • Modal helping verbs (10 verbs)
We use modal helping verbs to "modify" the
meaning of the main verb in some way. A
modal helping verb expresses necessity or
possibility, and changes the main verb in that
34. These are the modal verbs:
• can, could
• may, might
• will, would,
• shall, should
• ought to
37. LINKING VERBS
• A verb that links or join the subject with
another word in sentence is called linking
• Ali was the winner of the race(was links
winner and the subject, winners rename the
38. Linking verb
• Link the subject to words or group of words
that IDENTIFY or DESCRIBE the subject
39. Mr. bohr is our teacher.
• (The linking verb IS links the subject Mr. Bohr
to the noun TEACHER)
That dog looks miserable.
• (The linking verb LOOKS links the subject Dog
To the adjective Miserable)
40. Linking verbs can be replaced with similar verbs
‘BE’ VERBS –am, are, be, been, being, is, was,
SIMILAR verbs- appear ,grow, seem ,stay
become, look ,smell, taste, feel, remain ,sound,
42. • Differences
o Will have more than one verb in the sentence
o WON’T be the MAIN VERB of the sentence
o Will be the MAIN VERB of the sentence
o WILL identify or describe the subject
44. FORMS OF VERB
1. Base form
2. S/ES form (present tense)
3. -ing form (present participle)
5. Past participle
45. o Base form (walk)
o Present tense(Walks)
Mother and father walks together.
o -ing form: Walking
she is walking.
46. • Past ( ed form).
• Past participle.
she has walked a lot.
48. VERB FORMS
BASE FORM PAST FORM PAST
act acted acted acts acting
beg begged begged begs begging
carry carried carried carries carrying
discuss discussed discussed discusses discussing
do did done does doing
eat ate eaten eats eating
fly flew flown flies flying
to make continuous tenses (He is watching TV.)
to make the passive (Small fish are eaten by big fish.)
to make perfect tenses (I have finished my homework.)
to make negatives (I do not like you.)
to ask questions (Do you want some coffee?)
to show emphasis (I do want you to pass your exam.)
to stand for a main verb in some constructions (He speaks faster than she does.)
I can't speak Chinese.
John may arrive late.
Would you like a cup of coffee?
You should see a doctor.
I really must go now.