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Noya Antonette Social Science.pptx

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Noya Antonette Social Science.pptx

  1. 1. Presented by: Antonette R. Noya BTLE HE 4A
  2. 2.  The Earliest People the subcontinent as early as Two million years ago Are called as Hunter-Gatherers They hunted wild animals, caught fish and birds gathered fruits, roots, nuts, seeds, leaves, stalks and eggs. They moved from place to place WHY?
  3. 3. Reasons for the Movement of Hunter Gathers Stayed at one place for a long time. They would have eaten up all the available plant and animal resources  Animals move from place to place. Those who hunter them had to follow their movement.
  4. 4. Plants and Trees bear fruit in different seasons. Movement Accordingly Movement due to the water requirements. Water to survive
  5. 5. Hunter Gatherers Made and Used Tools of stones, wood and bone -used to cut meat and bone, scrape bark (from trees) and hides (animal skin) chop fruit and roots.
  6. 6. Places choose caves and rock shelter as a place to live in. Many sites were located near sources of water, such as rivers and lakes.  People find place where good quality stone was easily available.
  7. 7. Bhimbekta( Madhya Pradesh) Hungsi( Karnataka) Kunnool Caves ( Andra Pradesh)
  8. 8. Around 12, years ago Change in the climate of the world Shift to relative warm condition. Grass Glands Increase in the number of deer, antelope, goat, sheep and cattle.
  9. 9. Those who hunted these animals now followed them. Learning about their food habits and their breeding seasons.  Start thinking about herding and rearing animals.  Fishing also became important.
  10. 10. growing crops like wheat, Grass Land developed barley and rice in various regions of the subcontinent.
  11. 11. Cooking hearts in and around the huts. People used to cook indoors or outdoors. Stone tools Paleolithic Tools Called Neolithic Mortars and Pestles Used for grinding. Clay pots used for decorative purposed and storage. Began to weave cloth using of various kinds of materials.
  12. 12. Human first learned to grow barley and wheat and to rear sheep and goats. Remnants of square or rectangular houses.
  13. 13. Migration is usually classified as either international migration ( movement from one country to another) internal migration ( movement within a country).
  14. 14.  Push Pull. Obstacle Push Factors. Pull Factors Place of Origin. Place of Destination
  15. 15. Push Factors — reasons to move from a particular location these are negative circumstances. Pull Factors — reasons to move a particular place these are positive circumstances.
  16. 16.  Migration and Distance — moves to short distance only.  Migration by Stages — proceeds step by step.  Stream and Counter — every migration current produces a counter- current.  Urban-rural difference in propensity to migrate — the natives of towns are less migratory than those of the rural parts of the country. Technology and migration — an increase in the means of locomotion and development of manufacture and commerce leads to an increase of migration.
  17. 17. Factors Associated with the Area of Origin: — In each area there are several factors which motivate migration outside the area.  Factors Associated with the Area of Destination— These factors are more important as pull factors while the former work as push factors. It is not necessary that the pull factors are always real. Sometimes they are based upon inadequate information.
  18. 18. Intervening Obstacles — these obstacles intervene migration.  Personal Factors — It is the individual’s perception which determine actual migration.
  19. 19. End of the presentation

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