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UCSP Week 1.pptx

  2. 2. The Trio Concepts:
  3. 3. Pre-Assessment: Read each of the following item carefully and write only the letter which corresponds to the correct answer.
  4. 4. Anthropology It includes topics such as human origin, globalization, social change, and world history. It is the study of humankind in all times and all places. It is the study of humanity including our prehistoric origins and contemporary human diversity.
  5. 5. Goals of Anthropology • Discover what all people have in common – By studying commonalities (folklores, traditions, language, etc.) in all humanity, we could understand more about the human’s nature. What it means to be a human?
  6. 6. Goals of Anthropology • Produce new knowledge and new theories about humankind and human behavior – This new knowledge is then applied in an attempt to alleviate human challenges.
  7. 7. Goals of Anthropology • Discover what makes people different from one another in order to understand and preserve diversity – Anthropology attempts to answer questions: “What does it mean to be a Filipino and a citizen of the world?”
  8. 8. Goals of Anthropology • Look at one’s own culture more objectively like an outsider – It aims to make “the strange familiar and the familiar strange.”
  9. 9. FIELDS OF ANTHROPOLOGY CUL TURALANTHROPOLOGY Refers to the study of living people and their cultures including variation and change. It deals with the description and analysis of the forms and styles and the social lives of past and present ages
  10. 10. FIELDS OF ANTHROPOLOGY LINGUISTIC ANTHROPOLOGY Refers to the study of communication, mainly but not exclusively among humans. It includes the study of communication’s origin, history and contemporary variation.
  11. 11. FIELDS OF ANTHROPOLOGY ARCHAEOLOGY Refers to the study of past human cultures through their material remains. It is the study of past human cultures through the recovery and analysis of artifacts.
  12. 12. FIELDS OF ANTHROPOLOGY BIOLOGICALANTHROPOLOGY Biological anthropologists study a variety of aspects of human evolutionary biology. It seeks to describe the distribution of hereditary variations among contemporary populations and to sort out and measure the relative contributions made by heredity.
  13. 13. SOCIOLOGY
  14. 14. We are social animals PRIMITIVE ANCIENT GREECE
  15. 15. We are social animals DISCO SA UMA MODERN PARTY
  16. 16. We are social animals EVENT OF THE ELITES
  17. 17. Sociology •It is a systematic study of groups and societies that people build and how these affect their behavior. •It focuses on various social connections, institutions, organizations, structures, and processes. A strong and competitive working environment A collaborative working environment
  18. 18. The so called “Ecology of racists”
  19. 19. The scientific study of Sociology enables us to: •It gathers social inputs which are composed of frequent forms and manners namely: attitude, viewpoints, consolidated values, and norms of social
  20. 20. The scientific study of Sociology enables us to: •Obtain possible theories and principles about society as well as various aspects of social life; •Critically study the nature of humanity, which also leads to examining our roles within the society;
  21. 21. The scientific study of Sociology enables us to: •Appreciate that all things (in society) are interdependent with each other. An individual’s personal history is connected to his/her environment’s history, which is
  22. 22. BRANCHES OF SOCIOLOGY SOCIAL ORGANIZATION •This includes the study of social institutions, social inequality, social mobility, religious
  23. 23. BRANCHES OF SOCIOLOGY SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY • This area focuses on the study of human nature and its emphasis on social processes as they affect individual or responses which are
  24. 24. BRANCHES OF SOCIOLOGY SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY • This area focuses on the study of human nature and its emphasis on social processes as they affect individual or responses which are
  25. 25. BRANCHES OF SOCIOLOGY APPLIED SOCIOLOGY • This is concerned with the specific intent of yielding practical applications for human behavior and organizations. The goal of Applied Sociology is to assist in resolving social problems through the use of sociological research.
  26. 26. BRANCHES OF SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY AND RESEARCH • It focuses on the discovery of theoretical tools, methods, and techniques to scientifically explain a particular sociological issue.
  27. 27. BRANCHES OF SOCIOLOGY SOCIAL CHANGE • It studies factors that cause organization and social disorganization like calamity, drug abuse, drastic and gradual social change, health and welfare problems, political instability, unemployment and underemployment, child and
  29. 29. The learning objective Discuss the nature, goals and perspectives in/ of anthropology, sociology and POLITICAL SCIENCE
  30. 30. POLITICAL SCIENCE •It is an academic discipline that deals with the study of government and political processes, institutions, and
  31. 31. The Evolution of Political Movement BEFORE NOW
  32. 32. POLITICAL SCIENCE •It is a study of the complex behavior of various political actors such as the government administration, opposition, and
  33. 33. TAKE NOTE! ThestudyofPoliticshassomethingtodowithpower–whowields itandhowitisused.
  34. 34. New World Order
  35. 35. POLITICS • It originated from the Greek word ‘polis’, which means ‘city’ or ‘state’. • It is the art and science of governing city/state. • It is the social process or strategy in any position of control which people gain, use, or lose power.
  36. 36. POLITICS •Due to the negative connotations of politics, the term is now applied to many different social situations.
  37. 37. POLITICS While government typically refers to the established LEGISLATIVE AND EXECUTIVE departments of a nation or state, politics is a broad term that is related to the power sharing in any organization.
  38. 38. GOVERNMENT •It is the agency to which the will of the state is formulated, expressed, and carried out. •It is the organized agency in a state tasked to impose social control.
  39. 39. Which one is more dangerous for our government?
  41. 41. SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CHANGE Social change refers to any significant alteration over time in behavior patterns , cultural values and norms. By “significant” alteration, sociologists mean changes yielding profound social consequences.
  42. 42. The industrial revolution(1760-1840)
  43. 43. The abolition of slavery 15th century
  44. 44. The feminist movement 19th century
  45. 45. •It is the agency to which the will of the state is formulated, expressed, and carried out. •It is the organized agency in a state tasked to impose social control.
  46. 46. CHARACTERISTICS OF SOCIAL CHANGE SOCIAL CHANGE IS SOCIAL •Social change obviously means a change in system of social relationships. •Only that change can be called social change whose influence can be felt in a community form. •The changes that have significance for all or considerable segment of population can be
  47. 47. CHARACTERISTICS OF SOCIAL CHANGE SOCIAL CHANGE IS UNIVERSAL •The social structure, social organization and social institutions are all dynamic. •Social change occur in all societies no society remains static for long time..
  48. 48. CHARACTERISTICS OF SOCIAL CHANGE SOCIAL CHANGE OCCURS AS AN ESSENTIAL LAW •Our needs keep on changing to satisfy desire for change and to satisfy these needs, social change becomes a
  50. 50. CHARACTERISTICS OF SOCIAL CHANGE RATE OF SOCIAL CHANGE IS UNEVEN •Urban society is more aggressive to social change compared to rural society.
  51. 51. FACTORS OF SOCIAL CHANGE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT •Major changes in the environment are quite rare but very compelling when they happen. •Environmental destruction has been atleast a
  52. 52. FACTORS OF SOCIAL CHANGE POPULATION CHANGE •A stable population may able to resist most change, but rapidly growing population must migrate, improve it’s productivity, or starve.
  53. 53. FACTORS OF SOCIAL CHANGE ISOLATION AND CONTACT •Areas of greatest international contact are center of change. Conversely, isolated are centers of stability, conservatism, and resistance to change.

Hinweis der Redaktion

  • The goal of anthropology is to pursue a holistic understanding of what it means to be human by understanding the relationship between human biology, language, and culture.
  • The most-often used theories of health behavior are Social Cognitive Theory, The Transtheoretical Model/Stages of Change, the Health Belief Model, and the Theory of Planned Behavior. The most-often mentioned theoretical model that has not been fully applied in research and practice is the Social Ecological Model.

    Anthropologists use varied methods, techniques, and theoretical approaches in their investigations, which have two major goals: to understand the uniqueness and diversity of human behavior and human societies around the world and to discover the fundamental similarities that connect human beings throughout the world.
  • While it may mean different things to different people, the most common definition of a citizen of the world is the idea that all people have responsibilities to the world rather than just their country and immediate community.

    A global citizen is someone who is aware of and understands the wider world – and their place in it. They are a citizen of the world. They take an active role in their community and work with others to make our planet more peaceful, sustainable and fairer.
  • “Anthropology makes the familiar strange, and the strange familiar.” Anthropologists love to put this quote in their textbooks, preparing students for the double effect of the discipline: when you study cultures that are different from your own, you necessarily end up seeing your own worldview in a new light.

    What does the sociological perspective seeing the strange in the familiar mean?
    The characteristics of the sociological perspective include seeing the general in the particular (i.e., recognizing patterns), seeing the strange in the familiar (recognizing that things aren't always what they seem), and seeing the group in the individual (looking for the influence of social forces).