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REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
 FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE
SYSTEM
External genitalia (vulva)
 Mons pubis
 Labia majora
 Labia minora
 Clitoris
 Vestibule
 Perineum
Internal genitalia
• Vagina
• cervix
• Uterus
• Uterine tubes/fallopian tubes
• Ovaries
• The reproductive cycle
• Menopause
Breasts
STRUCTURAL OUTLINE
 MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
Scrotum
Testes
Seminal vesicles
Ejaculatory ducts.
Prostate gland
Urethra and penis
Ejaculation.
EXTERNAL FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
 The more primitive the animal , the simpler the process of
reproduction. In mammals including humans, the process is
one of sexual reproduction, in which the male and female
organs differ anatomically and physiologically, and the new
individual develops from the fusion of two different sex
cells(gametes)
 The male gametes are called spermatozoa.
 And the female gametes are called ova.
INTRODUCTION
 Formation of ova
 Reception spermatozoa
 Provision of suitable environments for fertilization and fetal
development.
 Parturition.
 Lactation , the production of breast milk, which provides
complete nourishment for the baby in its early life.
FUNCTIONS
 The external genitalia are known collectively as the vulva, and
consist of the:
Mons pubis
Labia majora and labia minora,
The clitoris,
The vestibule, the hymen and the vestibular glands(Bartholin’s
glands)
EXTERNAL GENITALIA(VULVA)
 It is the pad of subcutaneous adipose connective tissue lying
in front of the pubis and in the adult female is covered by
hair. The hair pattern of most women is triangular with the
base directed upwrads.
MONS PUBIS
 These are the two large folds forming the boundary of the
vulva. They are composed of skin, fibrous tissue and fat and
contain large numbers of sebaceous and ecrine sweat glands.
 Labia majora or “greater lips” are the part around the vagina
containing two glands (Bartholin’s glands) which helps
lubrication during intercourse.
 At puberty, hair grows on the mons pubis and on the surface
of the labia majora.
LABIA MEJORA
 These are two smaller folds of skin between the labia majora ,
containing numerous sebaceous and ecrine sweat glands.
 Or “lesser lips” are the thin hairless ridges at the entrance of
the vagina, which joins behind and in front. In front split to
enclose the clitoris.
LABIA MINORA
 The clitoris corresponds to the penis in the male and contains
sensory nerve endings and erectile tissue.
 The clitoris is a small pea-shaped structure. It plays an
important part in sexual excitement in females.
 It is a small cylindrical erectile body, measuring about 1.5-2
cm situated in the most anterior part of the vulva.
CLITORIS
 The vestibular glands ( Bartholin’s glands) are situated one or
each side near the vaginal opening. They are about the size of a
small pea and their ducts open into the vestibule immediately
lateral to the attachment of the hymen. They secrete mucus that
keeps the vulva moist.
 There are four openings into the vestibule
Urethral opening: the opening is situated in the midline just in
front of the vaginal orifice about 1-1.5 cm below the pubic arch.
The paraurethral ducts open either on the posterior wall of the
urethral orifice or directly into the vestibule.
Vaginal orifice and hymen: the vaginal orifice lies in the posterior
end of the vestibule and is of varying size and shape. In virgins
and nulliparae, the opening is closed by the labia minora, but in
parous, it may be exposed. It is incompletely closed by a septum
of mucous membrane called hymen.
VESTIBULAR GLANDS
Opening of bartholin’s ducts: there are two bartholin glands,
one on each side. They are situated in the superficial perineal
pouch, close to the posterior end of the vestibular bulb. They
are pea-sized and yellowish white in color. During sexual
excitement ,it secretes abundant alkaline mucus which help to
lubrication.
Skene’s glands: are the largest paraurethral glands. Skene’s
glands are homologous to the prostate in the male. The two
skene’s ducts may open in the vestibule on either side of the
external urethral meatus.
The perineum is a roughly triangular area extending from the
base of the labia minora to the anal canal
It consists of connective tissue, muscle and fat. It gives
attachment of the muscles of the pelvic floor.
PERINEUM
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Reproductive system

  • 1. PRESENTED BY Sr.Ankita Roy Tutor School of nursing Asia heart foundation REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
  • 2.
  • 3.  FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM External genitalia (vulva)  Mons pubis  Labia majora  Labia minora  Clitoris  Vestibule  Perineum Internal genitalia • Vagina • cervix • Uterus • Uterine tubes/fallopian tubes • Ovaries • The reproductive cycle • Menopause Breasts STRUCTURAL OUTLINE
  • 4.  MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM Scrotum Testes Seminal vesicles Ejaculatory ducts. Prostate gland Urethra and penis Ejaculation.
  • 6.  The more primitive the animal , the simpler the process of reproduction. In mammals including humans, the process is one of sexual reproduction, in which the male and female organs differ anatomically and physiologically, and the new individual develops from the fusion of two different sex cells(gametes)  The male gametes are called spermatozoa.  And the female gametes are called ova. INTRODUCTION
  • 7.  Formation of ova  Reception spermatozoa  Provision of suitable environments for fertilization and fetal development.  Parturition.  Lactation , the production of breast milk, which provides complete nourishment for the baby in its early life. FUNCTIONS
  • 8.  The external genitalia are known collectively as the vulva, and consist of the: Mons pubis Labia majora and labia minora, The clitoris, The vestibule, the hymen and the vestibular glands(Bartholin’s glands) EXTERNAL GENITALIA(VULVA)
  • 9.  It is the pad of subcutaneous adipose connective tissue lying in front of the pubis and in the adult female is covered by hair. The hair pattern of most women is triangular with the base directed upwrads. MONS PUBIS
  • 10.  These are the two large folds forming the boundary of the vulva. They are composed of skin, fibrous tissue and fat and contain large numbers of sebaceous and ecrine sweat glands.  Labia majora or “greater lips” are the part around the vagina containing two glands (Bartholin’s glands) which helps lubrication during intercourse.  At puberty, hair grows on the mons pubis and on the surface of the labia majora. LABIA MEJORA
  • 11.  These are two smaller folds of skin between the labia majora , containing numerous sebaceous and ecrine sweat glands.  Or “lesser lips” are the thin hairless ridges at the entrance of the vagina, which joins behind and in front. In front split to enclose the clitoris. LABIA MINORA
  • 12.  The clitoris corresponds to the penis in the male and contains sensory nerve endings and erectile tissue.  The clitoris is a small pea-shaped structure. It plays an important part in sexual excitement in females.  It is a small cylindrical erectile body, measuring about 1.5-2 cm situated in the most anterior part of the vulva. CLITORIS
  • 13.  The vestibular glands ( Bartholin’s glands) are situated one or each side near the vaginal opening. They are about the size of a small pea and their ducts open into the vestibule immediately lateral to the attachment of the hymen. They secrete mucus that keeps the vulva moist.  There are four openings into the vestibule Urethral opening: the opening is situated in the midline just in front of the vaginal orifice about 1-1.5 cm below the pubic arch. The paraurethral ducts open either on the posterior wall of the urethral orifice or directly into the vestibule. Vaginal orifice and hymen: the vaginal orifice lies in the posterior end of the vestibule and is of varying size and shape. In virgins and nulliparae, the opening is closed by the labia minora, but in parous, it may be exposed. It is incompletely closed by a septum of mucous membrane called hymen. VESTIBULAR GLANDS
  • 14. Opening of bartholin’s ducts: there are two bartholin glands, one on each side. They are situated in the superficial perineal pouch, close to the posterior end of the vestibular bulb. They are pea-sized and yellowish white in color. During sexual excitement ,it secretes abundant alkaline mucus which help to lubrication. Skene’s glands: are the largest paraurethral glands. Skene’s glands are homologous to the prostate in the male. The two skene’s ducts may open in the vestibule on either side of the external urethral meatus.
  • 15. The perineum is a roughly triangular area extending from the base of the labia minora to the anal canal It consists of connective tissue, muscle and fat. It gives attachment of the muscles of the pelvic floor. PERINEUM