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Ambient intelligence

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Presentation on ambient intelligence

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Ambient intelligence

  1. 1. Presented By: Ankita Srivastava
  2. 2. Introductiontion  AmI is an emerging discipline that brings intelligence to our every day environments and make those environments sensitive to us.  Ambient intelligence is a vision on the future of consumer electronics, telecommunications and computing that was originally developed by ‘Philips’ in the late 1990s for the time frame 2010–2020.  A key factor in AmI is the presence of Intelligence.
  3. 3.  AmI refers to an exciting new paradigm in IT in which people are empowered through a digital environment that is aware of their presence and context and is sensitive, adaptive and responsive to their needs, habits, gestures and emotions.  It is a network of hidden intelligent interfaces that recognize our presence and mould our environment to our immediate needs.
  4. 4.  The ambient intelligence paradigm builds upon pervasive computing(ubiquitous computing), profiling, context awareness, and human- centric computer interaction design and is characterized by systems and technologies that are:  embedded: many networked devices are integrated into the environment.  context aware: these devices can recognize you and your situational context.  personalized: they can be tailored to your needs.  adaptive: they can change in response to you.  anticipatory: they can anticipate your desires without conscious mediation.
  5. 5. Key Technologies  Ambient Intelligence builds on three recent key technologies: Ubiquitous Computing means integration of microprocessors into everyday objects like furniture, clothing, white goods, toys, even paint. Ubiquitous Communication enables these objects to communicate with each other and the user by means of ad-hoc and wireless networking. An Intelligent User Interface enables the inhabitants of the AmI environment to control and interact with the environment in a natural (voice, gestures) and personalized way (preferences, context).
  6. 6. A variety of technologies can be used to enable Ambient intelligence environments such as:  Bluetooth Low Energy  RFID  Ict implant  Sensors  Software agents  Affective computing  Nanotechnology  Biometrics Technologies
  7. 7. Relation Between AmI and other computer science areas: Networks, Sensors, Human Computer Interfaces (HCI), Pervasive Ubiquitous Computing and Artificial Intelligence (AI) are all relevant and interrelated but none of them conceptually covers the full scope of AmI. Ambient Intelligence puts together all these resources to provide flexible and intelligent services to users acting in their environments.
  8. 8. 5 Ws and 3 Ps of AmI Of Importance for AmI are the“5Ws”(Who, Where, What, When and Why) principle of design: Who: the identification of a user of the system and the role that user plays within the system in relation to other users. This can be extended to identifying important elements like pets, robots and objects of interest within the environment. Where: the tracking of the location where a user or an object is geographically located at each moment during the system operation. This can demand a mix of technologies, for example technology that may work well indoors may be useless outdoors and vice-versa. When: the association of activities with time is required to build a realistic picture of a system’s dynamic. For example, users, pets and robots living in a house will change location often change location and knowing when those changes happened and for how long they lasted are fundamental to the understanding of how an environment is evolving.
  9. 9. What: the recognition of activities and tasks users are performing is fundamental in order to provide appropriate help if required. The multiplicity of possible scenarios that can follow an action makes this very difficult. Why: the capability to infer and understand intentions and goals behind activities is one of the hardest challenges in the area but a fundamental one which allows the system to anticipate needs and serve users in a sensible way There seems to be a growing consensus that achieving sustainability requires a good balance between three factors, sometimes referred to as the three P’s: people, planet, and profit. Continue
  10. 10. People: Humans exploit everything around them to improve their lives and expand their powers. They want to acquire everything with minimum effort and maximum comfort. Many devices have already made the transition from big static objects to small objects that people can carry around on their bodies. Ambient intelligence intends to improve the quality of people’s lives. Not everything that’s possible with technology is actually desirable. Therefore, it’s crucial that people make the right choices with ambient intelligence. This is only possible if people agree on what quality of life and what sort of world they would like to see develop. Planet: AmI has a great contribution to the planet. AmI provides better care for the environment. Numerous novel ecological developments are possible by integrating smart electronics into the environment. They aid in checking pollution and checking uncontrolled dumping of waste products. There are also techniques for determining energy wastage and reduce needless consumption.
  11. 11. Profit: Ambient Intelligence describes a new economy called “experience economy”. It is positioned as the fourth major wave following the classic economies of commodity, goods, and service. People are willing to spend money for getting better experience. Recollection of a personal event might just bring back that good old feeling.
  12. 12. Applications  Smart Homes: Ambient Intelligence is allowing the home itself to possess intelligence and make decisions regarding its state and interactions with its residents.  Health – Related Applications: Hospitals can increase the efficiency of their services by monitoring patients’ health and progress by performing automatic analysis of activities in their rooms.
  13. 13.  Public Transportation sector: Public transport can benefit from extra technology including satellite services, GPS-based spatial location, vehicle identification, image processing and other technologies to make transport more fluent and hence more efficient and safe.  Education Services: Education-related institutions may use technology to create smart classrooms where the modes of learning are enhanced.
  14. 14.  Emergency services: Safety-related services like fire brigades can improve the reaction to a hazard by locating the place more efficiently and also by preparing the way to reach the place in connection with street services.
  15. 15.  Production-oriented places: Companies can use RFID sensors to tag different products and track them along the production and commercialization processes. This allows identifying the product path from production to consumer and helps improving the process by providing valuable information for the company on how to react to favorable demand and unusual events like products that become unsuitable for sale.
  16. 16.  Reduced Human Efforts and machine interactions.  Increased Information, Connectivity and Leisure  Future Ready Ambience. Advantages
  17. 17. Research Trends  Internet Fridge  Karotz  HomeOS  SmartTvs  Connected Cars
  18. 18. Challenges  Many AmI applications relying upon wireless sensors are at the mercy of the battery life for the sensors.  Challenge is to model multiple residents in an environment.  Challenge for AmI researches is to design self-testing and self-repairing AmI software.  Issues related to security and privacy for AmI systems.
  19. 19. Conclusion Ambient Intelligence is establishing fast as an area where a confluence of topics can coverage to help society through technology. There are still many challenges ahead and improvements are needed at all levels: infrastructure, algorithms and human-computer interaction for AmI systems to be widely accepted and more important of all, be useful to society.
  20. 20. Reference  http://www.research.philips.com/newscenter/pictures /systsoft-ambintel.html  citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi= .4240..  www.softcomputing.net/insami2012.pdf  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambient_intelligence