1. INTRODUCTION ......................................................... 3
2. LIFE SKETCH ............................................................. 4
3. HIS WORKS ............................................................... 5
4. CONTRIBUTIONS ...................................................... 5
5. MEANING OF EDUCATION ........................................ 6
6. AIMS OF EDUCATION ............................................... 7
7. CURRICULUM ............................................................. 7
8. ROLE OF TEACHER .................................................. 8
Teachers Day is celebrated every year on September 5 to
mark the birth anniversary of Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, who
was the first vice president of India (1952-1962) and also a
teacher and philosopher. This day is observed to honour the bond
between the children and their mentors who influence their lives in
Dr Radhakrishnan was also the second president of India
(1962-1967). Despite all his accomplishments and contributions,
Dr Radhakrishnan remained a teacher throughout his life. He
believed that true teachers are those who help us think for
ourselves, so they should be the best minds in the nation.
In India, September 5 is marked as Teacher's Day, whereas
Worlds Teacher's Day is celebrated every year on October 5. This
day is an important event in both teachers' and students' lives.
This is a day to honor and show gratitude to all mentors and
teachers. Across India, schools and higher educational institutions
celebrate this day by paying a tribute to Dr Radhakrishnan.
DR. S. RADHAKRISHNAN(1888-1975)
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, an academic,
philosopher, and statesman was born on September5, 1888 in a
Brahmin family lived at Tiruttani, a very small temple town to the
North-West of Madras (at present Chennai). His father Sarvepalli
Veeraswami was a subordinate revenueofficial in the service of a
local zamindar and Sitamma was his mother. He got his early
education in Tiruttani. Radhakrishnan was very intelligent and was
awarded scholarships throughout his academic life. He won
scholarship at Voorhees’ College and completed his High School
in 1902 from Voorhees College, Vellore. After winning the
scholarship of Christian College, Madras he completed his
graduation in 1904 and post graduation in Philosophy in 1906
from the same college. He presented a dissertation titled “The
Ethics of Vedanta and its Metaphysical Presuppositions”. From
1909, his teaching career began and he served as Lecturer in
Philosophy at Presidency College, Madras. He had undergone
licentiate in Teaching (L.T) training in 1910 at the Teacher’s
Training College, to qualify for the permanent post of Assistant
professor. In 1916, he was elevated to the Post of Professor and
placed in Govt. Arts College, Rajahmundry (A.P). In 1936, he was
appointed as Professor in Oxford University, London. In 1939, he
was appointed as Vice Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University.
He chaired the University Education Commission in 1948. He was
given the assignment of Ambassador to USSR in July 12, 1949.
Because of his learning and wisdom his impact in political circles
raised to new heights. Rajya Sabha elected him as the first
Chairman and Vice President in 1952. He was appointed as
second President of India in 1962. When he became President,
some of his students and friends requested him to allow them to
celebrate his birthday, 5th September. He replied, "Instead of
celebrating my birthday, it would be my proud privilege if 5th
September is observed as Teachers Day." Since then, his birthday
has been celebrated in India as Teachers’ Day. He got Bharat
Ratna, the highest national award in 1967. Dr. Radhakrishnan’s
contribution to education has been unique and irreplaceable. He
passed away in 1975.
1. Indian Philosophy
2. The Pursuit of Truth
3. The Hindu View of Life
4. The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore
5. The Bhagavadgita
6. The Dhammapada
7. Religion and Culture
8. The Brahma Sutra: The Philosophy of Spiritual Life
CONTRIBUTIONS OF RADHAKRISHNAN TO
❖He introduced Western idealism into Indian philosophy and
was the first scholar of importance to provide a
comprehensive interpretation of India's religious and
philosophical literature to English speaking people.
❖One of the foremost scholars of comparative religion and
philosophy in his day, he built a bridge between Eastern and
Western thoughts showing each to comprehensible within
the terms of the other.
❖Radhakrishnan's idealism gives as balanced and true picture
of relation between the individual and society. The society
and the individual are not antithetical to each other. They are
❖As the chairman of the University Education Commission, he
was instrumental in planning the present higher education in
❖His recommendations were thorough and mutlisided and
based upon solid philosophical foundations.
❖The report of the University Education Commission, also
called Dr. Radhakrishnan Commission, is an important
document in the development of university education in
India. The has served as authentic reference to educational
reforms in many countries in the East amd in the West.
❖Radhakrishnan's philosophy of education is based upon
sound philosophical and sociological foundations.
MEANING OF EDUCATION
Education for Dr. Radhakrishnan is of great importance. True
education can solve many problems of country as it is not only the
information but knowledge that becomes wisdom. By which one
can understand the right and the wrong and make positive
changes in life.Therefore, Radhakrishnan calls education an
“instrument for social, economic and cultural change.” Education
is not only in knowledge and skill, but it is to help us to live with
others i.e.education is not only to induce information and get
trained in some skills but it is to teaches theart of living; inculcate
love for other, induce creativity and critical thinking power to
tackle with the adverse situations in short education is a second
birth to man. “Education makes a man complete physically,
mentally and spiritually. Radhakrishnan said, “Education to be
complete, must be humane, it must include not only training of
intellect but refinement of the heart and discipline of the spirit. No
education can be regarded as complete if it neglects heart and
AIMS OF EDUCATION
I. To ensure the balanced growth of the individual.
II. To instil self-discipline, i. e., attaining the sense of balance of
all faculties of individual.
III. To know the reality. To help man to know inner essence
IV. To train intellect, heart and spirit.
V. To halp individual to attain spiritual wisdom.
VI. To acquaint with cultural heritage for its regeneration.
VII. To train people for democracy and freedom.
VIII. To train for self-development (free mind and creative soul).
IX. To develop scientific spirit and spirit of enquiry.
➢He suggested the study of literature, philosophy and religion
at all levels of gaining wisdom needed for the balanced
growth of the individual.
➢He recommended physical exercise and physical activities in
the curriculum for fostering positive health and also as an
essential prerequisite for spiritual or intellectual
➢Moral and spiritual training should be an essential part of
education at primary and secondary levels.
➢Radhakrishnan attached great importance to value
education. He suggested yoga, meditation, classics, study of
religious and social work to instil spiritual and democratic
values among youth.
➢He strongly favoured modern means of education and
recommended the study of professional subjects like
Agriculture, Commerce, Engineering and Technology, Law
and Medicine at higher levels.
ROLE OF TEACHER
★Love pupils are the first essential quality of a successful
★A true teacher is one who removes the spiritual blindness of
the pupil and takes him to the eternal light.
★A teacher must be a committed man, having a devotion to
teaching besides their knowledge and scholarship.
★In order to develop character in the educand the educator
should himself develop his own character.
★The teacher should have self-control and humanist
★The teacher should be inquisitive and should take interest in
expansion of knowledge.
★Teachers must impart to the students zest for new
experience, love for adventure in knowledge.
METHODS OF TEACHING
➔ Reading Method
➔ Writing Method
➔ Explanation Method
➔ Meditation Method
➔ Text Book Method
➔ Tutorial Instruction Method
➔ Seminar Method
SCHOOL/ EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION
Schools should have good infrastructure, adequate
classrooms, teaching Personnel and management. He suggested
developing libraries and laboratories, appropriate space for the
physical training and extra co-curricular activity.
Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan was a renowned Indian
philosopher, statesman, professor, writer and educationist who
brought India many laurels. He had an outstanding academic
career and held many prestigious positions in various premier
contemporary institutes. After he became the President of India,
many of his students wanted to celebrate his birthday on 5th
September as a big event. This humble man appealed to them to
celebrate his birthday as Teachers’ Day. Hence, September 5 is
celebrated as Teachers Day in India and other parts of the world.
Dr. Radhakrishnan brought unfailing dignity and moral authority to
all the positions that he held. He was a venerable figure of his
time both in India and abroad. Dr. Radhakrishnan was conferred
on the highest award of the nation, Bharat Ratna in 1954 for his
commendable service to the country and mankind as well.