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EIFFEL TOWER

interesting points, facts, and some simple points on EIFFEL TOWER

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EIFFEL TOWER

  1. 1. The Eiffel Tower was the winning entry in a competition for a 'centerpiece' for the paris Exposition of 1889. The design by an engineer named was selected from over three hundred entries for its striking design and for its economical structure which displayed the French prowess in metal construction.
  2. 2. About Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was a French CIVIL ENGINEER and ARCHITECT. A gradute of ecole centrale paris, he made his name with bridges for the French railway network, most famously the garabit viaduct. He is best known for the world-famous Eiffel tower, built for the 1889 Universal Exposition in paris, and his contribution to building the statue of Liberty in New york.
  3. 3. • The Eiffel Tower cost to build in 1889, an amount equal to at that time. Today it's cost would equal . • It is , but this height does not inculde the on the top; the total height of the is . • It has a square base that is long on each side. • There are also inside the Eiffel tower, although visitors can only climb the first to the first floor. In total the tower weighs , . It consist of and put on by heat. • The weight of paint used is and the surface to be painted is .
  4. 4. • Since it has been built it has been repainted . Each of these 18 paint jobs there were only are hired to do the job. of paint are used on the structure in order to enhance the impression of height, with the lightest at the top. • There are and covering the structure. The paper used to print the visitors’ tickets in one year weighs .
  5. 5. • There were 50 architects, engineers, and draftesman that created 5,300 drawings of Eiffel tower before the construction started. • Once they had a plan, there were 18,000 pieces built and prepared in Eiffel’s factory out side of town. • This pieces were created to the accuracy of 1/10 of millimeter. These pieces were put together to form new pieces were 5 meters long to be transported to the building site. • There were 132 workers there to assemble the pieces on site. All the pieces were put into place and hooked together by thermally assembled rivets. • There were 4 men needed to assemble a single rivet: one person to heat the rivet up, another to hold it in place, a third to shape the head, and fourth person to beat the rivet with a sledge hammer.
  6. 6. • Only 1/3 of the 2.5 million rivets were assembled on site. The work on the foundations took 5 months. The workers only used spades, and the rubble was taken away by horses and steam locomotives • The first digging for the foundations began on January 28, 1887 and all construction was concluded on march 31, 1889. • When the tower was built, it was only meant to kept for 20 years. People did not like the Eiffel tower and wanted it taken down because they thought it was an ugly structure polluting the scenery of the Paris sky. • After 20 years, the tower became the property of paris again .
  7. 7. The Eiffel tower’s base is composed of four legs. In these legs are 2 anchor bolts that are each 26 feet long and 4 inches in diameter. One part of Eiffel’s plan for the foundation of the structure was the placement of a hydraulic jack. The hydraulic jack was used to enable the raising or lowing of the platform to make certain it was level.
  8. 8. 7 December 1887: Construction of the legs with scaffolding 20 March 1888: Completion of first level
  9. 9. 15 may 1888: start of construction of second stage 21 August 1888: Completion to 2nd level
  10. 10. 26 December 1888: Construction of upper stage 15 March 1889: Construction of cupola
  11. 11. • Vertical transports:- Three lifts (north, east and west pillars) will take you up to the 1st and 2nd floors (115m). To visit the top floor (276m), visitors needs to change lifts at 2nd floor. • Number of workers died during construction period is one • The most interesting fact of the tower is as being one of the most iconic images in the world, the Eiffel Tower has been the inspiration for the creation of over 30 duplicates and similar towers around the world. • i.e. Black pool tower, Lasvegas, Tokyo Tower………. & many more.
  12. 12. • To use the stairs to the 1st & 2nd floor it is 4.00 Euro • To go all the way to the top in the elevator it is 12.00 Euro– cheaper if we are in a group • The tower opens at 9:30 am, and the stairs close earlier than the elevator– last lift at 11 pm • To reach the top of the Tower (276m), visitors must take another elevator from the second floor
  13. 13. • The military used the tower as a wireless telegraph transmitter for communication during battle. • Today , it is used send radio and television signals to capital city of paris and beyond the world. • The Eiffel Tower joined the green energy movement by building two wind turbines on second level. These wind turbines produce 10,000 kilowatt hours of electricity each. That is enough energy to sustain the commercial part of the tower on the first floor. • The Eiffel Tower weighs 10,000 tons. • There are 5 billion lights on the lights on the Eiffel tower
  14. 14. French restaurant in Eiffel tower Mr . Eiffel’s penthouse apartment 290m above ground.
  15. 15. Thanqu Created by:- MD AMEER SOHAIL

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  • NehalSalah1

    May. 1, 2018

interesting points, facts, and some simple points on EIFFEL TOWER

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