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FARMERS FIELD SCHOOL
THE
MODERN APPROACH TO
AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT
By
Allah Dad Khan
03329221298
Definition
• The Farmer Field School (FFS) is a
group-based learning process that
has been used by a number of
governments...
Origin of LFFS
• In 2001, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), with the support of
the FAO and the Anima...
Origin of FFS
• By the end of the 1980s, a new approach
to farmer training emerged in Indonesia
called the 'Farmer Field S...
First FFS
• The first IPM Farmer Field Schools
were designed and managed in 1989
by experts working for the UN Food
and Ag...
The basic features of a typical rice IPM
Farmer Field School are as follows
• The IPM Field School is field based and last...
The basic features of a typical IPM Farmer
Field School are as follows
Contd
• In every FFS, participants conduct a study ...
Farmer Field School Approach
Farmer Field School is a school without walls.
Farmers and extension workers are students. Th...
Basic Aims of Farmer Field School
1. Skill
Development
2. Empowerment
3. Will power
4. Capacity of
Decision Making
Basic Principles of Farmer Field School
1. Grow a healthy crop
2. Conserve natural enemies
3. Conduct regular field
observ...
TOF
25
Facilitators
10 FFS
3 days TOF per week
2 days FFS per
week
Innovations
•Partial residence
•Single district
partici...
Non-Formal
education
Specialist/
Facilitators
Researchers/
Subject matter
Specialists
ToF 25
Facilitators
Facilitators are...
TOF: Training of Facilitators
Activity guided by a facilitator who has been
trained before hand
CHARACTERISTICS
One comp...
TOF/FFS Crop Cycle Activity Chart
L
Land
Preparation/
Group
formation
AESA
Insect
Zoo
Special
topic
AESA
Insect
Zoo
Group
...
Agro-Ecosystem Training
Cucumber Cropping Calendar
Ismailia, Winter Season
October November December January February
Prep...
Agronomic Data
Weekly
Plant Height
# of leaves/plant
# of flowers/plants
# of fruits/plants
Weight of harvested
fruit...
FarmerField
Schools Give a man a fish
…...and feed him for a day
Teach him how to fish
…..and feed him for life
Farmers field school modern approach  By Mr Allah Dad Khan Agriculture Expert Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province Pakistan
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Farmers field school modern approach By Mr Allah Dad Khan Agriculture Expert Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province Pakistan

Farmers field school modern approach By Mr Allah Dad Khan Agriculture Expert Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province Pakistan

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Farmers field school modern approach By Mr Allah Dad Khan Agriculture Expert Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province Pakistan

  1. 1. FARMERS FIELD SCHOOL THE MODERN APPROACH TO AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT By Allah Dad Khan 03329221298
  2. 2. Definition • The Farmer Field School (FFS) is a group-based learning process that has been used by a number of governments, NGOs and international agencies to promote Integrated Pest Management (IPM).
  3. 3. Origin of LFFS • In 2001, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), with the support of the FAO and the Animal Health Programme (AHP) of the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), adapted the FFS methodology to livestock production systems. This required the integration of animal health concerns and crop/forage production activities • within the FFS curriculum
  4. 4. Origin of FFS • By the end of the 1980s, a new approach to farmer training emerged in Indonesia called the 'Farmer Field School' (FFS). The broad problem which these field schools were designed to address was a lack of knowledge among Asian farmers relating to agroecology, particularly the relationship between insect pests and beneficial insects
  5. 5. First FFS • The first IPM Farmer Field Schools were designed and managed in 1989 by experts working for the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) in Indonesia. This was not, however, the first attempt made by FAO to extend IPM techniques to farmers in South East Asia.
  6. 6. The basic features of a typical rice IPM Farmer Field School are as follows • The IPM Field School is field based and lasts for a full cropping season. • A FFS meets once a week with a total number of meetings that might range from at least 10 up to 16 meetings. • The primary learning material at a Farmers Field School is the field. • The Field School meeting place is close to the learning plots often in a farmer’s home and sometimes beneath a convenient tree. • FFS educational methods are experiential, participatory, and learner centered. • Each FFS meeting includes at least three activities: the agro- ecosystem analysis, a “special topic”, and a group dynamics activity.
  7. 7. The basic features of a typical IPM Farmer Field School are as follows Contd • In every FFS, participants conduct a study comparing IPM with non-IPM treated plots. • An FFS often includes several additional field studies depending on local field problems. • Between 25 and 30 farmers participate in a FFS. Participants learn together in small groups of five to maximise participation. • All FFSs include a Field Day in which farmers make presentations about IPM and the results of their studies. • A pre- and post-test is conducted as part of every Field School for diagnostic purposes and for determining follow-up activities. • The facilitators of FFS’s undergo intensive season-long residential training to prepare them for organising and conducting Field Schools. • Preparation meetings precede an FFS to determine needs, recruit participants, and develop a learning contract. • Final meetings of the FFS often include planning for follow-up activities
  8. 8. Farmer Field School Approach Farmer Field School is a school without walls. Farmers and extension workers are students. The Farmers Field is the class room and the plant is the teacher. As the plant grows the students gain knowledge in the light of their observations. The get together at a fixed time every week once and make their own decisions based on observations and data analysis for the health of the plants.
  9. 9. Basic Aims of Farmer Field School 1. Skill Development 2. Empowerment 3. Will power 4. Capacity of Decision Making
  10. 10. Basic Principles of Farmer Field School 1. Grow a healthy crop 2. Conserve natural enemies 3. Conduct regular field observations 4. Farmers understand ecology and become experts in their own fields
  11. 11. TOF 25 Facilitators 10 FFS 3 days TOF per week 2 days FFS per week Innovations •Partial residence •Single district participants Pakistan Model
  12. 12. Non-Formal education Specialist/ Facilitators Researchers/ Subject matter Specialists ToF 25 Facilitators Facilitators are further divided into 5 groups each group comprises of 5 facilitators Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 FFS FFS FFS FFS FFS FFS FFS FFS FFS FFS Training of Facilitators
  13. 13. TOF: Training of Facilitators Activity guided by a facilitator who has been trained before hand CHARACTERISTICS One complete growing season Learning by doing Growing own crop (regular observations on plant development) Carry out FFS Group dynamics (serve as preparation for trainees to conduct FFSs themselves and to gain facilitation skills) Fostering corporate identity (provides joint spirit which is crucial factor for the success)
  14. 14. TOF/FFS Crop Cycle Activity Chart L Land Preparation/ Group formation AESA Insect Zoo Special topic AESA Insect Zoo Group Dynamics AESA Insect Zoo Group Dynamics S Topic AESA Insect Zoo Group Dynamics Data Analysis
  15. 15. Agro-Ecosystem Training Cucumber Cropping Calendar Ismailia, Winter Season October November December January February Preplant Seedling Growth Flower Fruit-Set Harvest Climate protect young plants from strong winds preferred temperature: day 24o /night19o rH should not sink below40-50% preferred temperature: day 20o /night16o rH should not sink below40-50% preferred temperature: day 27o /night27° keep tunnels closed for germination only ventilate tunnels, particularly after sunrise to avoid water on the leaves at any time keep tunnels closed at night Soil  use fine-structured, well aerated organic soils  use 20-40m3 manure to increase organic matter  add 50-100 kg sulfur to lower alkalinity  plant 2-3 cm deep  keep soil warm to assist germination remove weeds Water use well drained soils with high water holding capacity irrigate lightly and regularly, preferably in the morning hours avoid water logging and periods of water stress Nutrients N 50 kg Ammon. Sulfate P 100 kg Super Phosphate K Ca 50 kg Calcium Nitrate Microelements Protection Favorable Conditions: Control Measures: Downy Mildew 20-25o C 90-95% rH Protective:Cu-oxichloride Curative: systemic Powd. Mildew 20-25o C 75-85% rH Micronized Sulfur/water Spider Mites warm and dry Micronized Sulfur Aphids K-soap Cultural Practices do not growcucumber repeatedly in the same field to avoid nematodes use 1.5 kg seeds/fd 6-8000plants/fd 1-2 plants/m2 clip tips to encourage side shoots cut out old, diseased leaves 50 kg Potassium Sulfate 50 kg Potassium Sulfate 50-100 kg Super Phosphate Use TX6 Nozzles for best coverage Crop Calendar L J Water Beneficials Cultural Practices Nutrients PestsWeather Soil Plant Ecosystem Analysis
  16. 16. Agronomic Data Weekly Plant Height # of leaves/plant # of flowers/plants # of fruits/plants Weight of harvested fruits Plant Protection Data Weekly Counting insect pests Counting natural enemies Diseases incidence General Data Weekly Variety Days after planting Weather conditions Soil conditions Agro-ecosystem Analysis (AESA)
  17. 17. FarmerField Schools Give a man a fish …...and feed him for a day Teach him how to fish …..and feed him for life

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